Burkina Faso is located to the north of Ghana in West Africa, south of the Sahara desert. Its surface area is 274,200 km².
Political Map of Burkina Faso
Burkina Faso Key Facts
The borders and their length of Burkina Faso are:
- Benin 306 km
- Cote d’Ivoire 584 km
- Ghana 548 km
- Mali 1,000 km
- Niger 628 km
- Togo 126 km
- Population: 20,098,005
- Population Density: 74 per Km2
- Land Area: 273,600 Km2
Most of the country consists of a large plateau covered with a lateritic rock layer dominated by eroded heights. Sandstone plateaus in the southwest are bounded by Banfora rocks.
The lowest point is the Mouhoun (Kara Volta) River 200 m. The highest point is Tena Kourou 749 m. Its natural sources are manganese, limestone, marble, small gold mines, antimony, copper, nickel, bauxite, lead, phosphate, zinc, silver.
Burkina Faso is governed by a multi-party democratic republican regime. The head of state is the president and the head of the government is the prime minister. The legislative power is in the 107-member parliament. Members of Parliament are elected by free general elections.
Burkina Faso is a member of the UN, OIC (Organization of Islamic Conference), African Union, Economic Community of West African Countries, IMF (International Monetary Fund) and Islamic Development Bank.
The climate in the country varies by region. There is a desert climate in the north, a tropical climate in the middle and a slightly more rainy climate in the south. In the March-May period when the weather warms, the temperature reaches up to 40 degrees. The weather is usually dry.
Drought sometimes affects life significantly. In the capital, the average annual temperature is 29 degrees, and the average annual rainfall is 884 mm.
The proportion of those who believe in local ethnic religions throughout Burkina Faso is still high. The proportion of those who believe in local religions is around 15%. In the local religion of the Mossis, Wende, who is considered to be God, has the belief that he has returned to the world as a human being after creating the world. It is believed that the god in question is present in different places and in different places in the world in different periods.
The long-lasting resistance of Islam across the country has been broken as a result of King Moogo Naaba Doulgou’s choice of Islam and an increase in the proportion of those who maintain their lives according to Islamic beliefs throughout the country.
Islam is the dominant religion in the country today, 60.5% of the population lives according to this belief. The percentage of those who believe in the Christian religion is 23.2%, while the proportion of Christians belonging to the Catholic sect is 19% and that of the Protestant sect is 4.2%.
Industry and Tourism
Burkina Faso is one of the poorest countries in Africa. It has a high population density, a small number of natural resources and a weak soil. The majority of the population is engaged in agriculture.
The industry is dominated by unprofitable state-controlled institutions. After the devaluation of the African Franc in January 1994, the government renewed its development program with international agencies and increased exports and economic growth.
The conservation of the country’s macroeconomic development depends on low inflation, the downturn in the trade deficit and the continuation of reforms to promote private investment.
60 different ethnic groups living within the boundaries of Burkina Faso are rich in cultural traditions. Celebrations and ceremonies are held in the groups for many reasons and many visual feasts such as music, dance, and masks are exhibited in these celebrations and ceremonies.
In these regions, the gray tombs, known as the people who tell the oral history and traditions of the tribes from generation to generation, play an important role. These people can also take part in the celebration and entertainment as a singer and dancer.
Handicrafts also have an important place throughout the country, and pottery, basket making, and bronze woodworking are often handicrafts.
Burkina Faso is the national football team representing Burkina Faso in the international arena. In the tournament the team first joined in 1978, it was not able to show the success of staying in the finals and was always eliminated.