Where is Djibouti?

Djibouti is located in the Northern Africa region at latitude 11.825138 and longitude 42.590275 and is part of the African continent.

The DMS coordinates for the center of the country are:

  • 11Β° 49' 30.50'' N
  • 42Β° 35' 24.99'' E

You can see the location of Djibouti on the world map below:

Djibouti on the World Map

Djibouti Neighboring Countries

The neighboring countries of Djibouti (DJ) are:

  1. Eritrea (ER)
  2. Ethiopia (ET)
  3. Somalia (SO)

Maritime Borders

Djibouti borders with the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden.

Djibouti Related Content

Djibouti Key Facts

CoordinatesLatitude: 11.825138
Longitude: 42.590275
Country CodesAlpha 2: DJ
Alpha 3: DJI
Country Flag EmojiπŸ‡©πŸ‡―
Int. Phone Prefix+253
Capital cityDjibouti
Northern Africa
Country Area23,200 sq km
Population 20211,002,197
World Rank: 157
Median Age23.7
Life expectancy62.3
Major languagesFrench (official), Arabic (official), Somali, Afar
UTC/GMT TimeNumber of time zones: 1
  • UTC+03:00
Internet TLD.dj
Biggest AirportAmbouli International Airport (JIB)
Average temperature28.00 Β°C
82.40 Β°F
Administrative Divisions5 regions 1 city
Political systemPresidential representative democratic republic

Djibouti Economy Facts

World Bank Income GroupLower middle income
World Bank RegionMiddle East & North Africa
CurrencyDjibouti Franc (DJF)
GDP in 2020$3.2 (billions of USD)
World Rank: 162
GDP per capita in 2020$3,220
World Rank: 130
Major Industries / Economic SectorsPort services, manufacturing, agriculture, energy
Top 5 Import CountriesChina, United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, India, France
Top 5 Export CountriesUnited Arab Emirates, Ethiopia, China, Japan, Kuwait

Biggest Cities in Djibouti

Here are the largest cities in Djibouti based on 2021 data:

City Population
Djibouti 562,000
Ali Sabieh 37,939
Dikhil 35,000
Obock 21,200
Tadjourah 14,820

Map of Djibouti with the Largest Cities

Other Countries in the Northern Africa Region


Its official name is the Republic of Djibouti. A small country in East Africa. Neighbors are Eritrea in the north, Ethiopia in the west and south, Somalia in the southeast.

There is a coast to the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden. It is 20 kilometers away from Yemen on the Arabian Peninsula. Djibouti is divided into 6 regions and the capital city is also called Djibouti.

Although Djibouti has a small surface area of 23,200 kmΒ², it has three different physical structures. The coastal zone and the high plateau region distinguish the mountainous region with the highest point of 1500 m.

The plateau region is divided by deep valleys. There are two lakes on Hanle Plain, which appear to have been a result of a collapse in Djibouti, where the rivers do not exist. The lakes called AlalΔ± and Assal are the salt lake, of which the Assal is 150 meters below the sea level.

A colorful map of Djibouti showing various cities, borders, and geographical features with surrounding countries labeled.
Colored Map of Djibouti


In Djibouti, a seemingly multi-party democratic system prevails. However, the administration restricted political freedoms to a great extent. 51% of the people did not participate in the general elections held in December 1992 on the grounds that it was not fair. The ruling party won 75% of the vote and won all the members in parliament.

The head of state is the president. The head of the government is the prime minister. According to the Constitution, the president should be from the Issa and the prime minister from the Afar. There is a 65-member legislative assembly (National Assembly) whose members are determined by general elections.

The present constitution was put into force on 4 September 1992.

The legal system consists of the mix of Islamic law, the French Civil Code and Djibouti peoples’ tradition.

The country is a member of international organizations such as Djibouti, UN, OIC (Organization of Islamic Conference), Arab League, African Union Organization, Gulf Cooperation Council, African Antilles, and Pacific Convention, International Monetary Fund (IMF) and Islamic Development Bank.


In Djibouti, which has a hot and dry climate, the average annual temperature is around 32 Β° C. The precipitation is slightly higher in the mountainous regions than in the coastal region. The average annual rainfall is 130 mm in the coastline and 500 mm in the mountainous region.


Djibouti has no official religion. However, 94.5% of the population is Muslim. Muslims are Sunni Shafi’i. The majority of the remaining population consists of Christians of European origin. There are a few Afar people who maintain their traditional religions.

Industry and Tourism

Djibouti’s economy is mostly based on trade and revenues from transport services. The railroad from Djibouti to Addis Ababa gives importance to the port of Djibouti.

This railway links the port of Djibouti with Ethiopia and some Central African countries. In addition, the creation of a free commercial zone around the port of Djibouti has brought commercial and touristic importance to the city.

The port of Djibouti is also used as a port of supply by ships using the Red Sea and Suez Canal roads. Therefore, the port of Djibouti is an important source of income for the country’s economy. The share of income from trade and transportation services in gross domestic product reaches 48%.

Agricultural land constitutes only 1% of the territory of the country. Therefore, agriculture has not developed in this country. Income from agriculture is only 1% of the national income.

The most commonly produced agricultural products are palm, corn and various vegetables and fruits. Agricultural products meet only 3% of the country’s need. In 1992, 22 thousand tons of vegetables were produced.

A quarter of the Djibouti people live with nomadic livestock. Therefore, the livestock sector is good. According to the figures of 1992, there are 180 thousand cattle and 450 thousand sheep in the country. Some of the people living on the coast are living with fishing. But fishing is not good.

In 1991, 400 tons of fish and seafood were hunted. Management is trying to develop the fishing industry. Fish production currently only covers domestic consumption.

The War of Ogaden, which took place between Ethiopia and Somalia in 1977 – 78, significantly affected the economy of Djibouti.