Where is Eritrea?

Eritrea is located in the Northern Africa region at latitude 15.179384 and longitude 39.782334 and is part of the African continent.

The DMS coordinates for the center of the country are:

  • 15° 10' 45.78'' N
  • 39° 46' 56.40'' E

You can see the location of Eritrea on the world map below:

Eritrea Neighboring Countries

The neighboring countries of Eritrea (ER) are:

  1. Djibouti (DJ)
  2. Ethiopia (ET)
  3. Sudan (SD)

Maritime Borders

Eritrea borders with the Red Sea.

Eritrea on the World Map

Eritrea Related Content

Eritrea Key Facts

CountryEritrea
CoordinatesLatitude: 15.179384
Longitude: 39.782334
Country CodesAlpha 2: ER
Alpha 3: ERI
Country Flag Emoji🇪🇷
Int. Phone Prefix+291
Capital cityAsmara
Continent
Subcontinent
Africa
Northern Africa
Country Area117,600 sq km
Population 20216,209,000
World Rank: 111
Median Age18.2
Life expectancy66.5
Major languagesTigrinya (official), Arabic (official), English (official), Tigre, Kunama, Afar, other Cushitic languages
UTC/GMT TimeNumber of time zones: 1
  • UTC+03:00
Internet TLD.er
Biggest AirportAsmara International Airport (ASM)
Average temperature25.50 °C
77.90 °F
Administrative Divisions6 regions
Political systemOne-party communist state

Eritrea Economy Facts

World Bank Income GroupLow income
World Bank RegionSub-Saharan Africa
CurrencyNakfa (ERN)
GDP in 2020$7.4 (billions of USD)
World Rank: 151
GDP per capita in 2020$500
World Rank: 190
Major Industries / Economic SectorsAgriculture, mining, manufacturing, energy
Top 5 Import CountriesChina, United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, India, Germany
Top 5 Export CountriesChina, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Italy, France

Biggest Cities in Eritrea

Here are the largest cities in Eritrea based on 2021 population data:

City Population
Asmara 963,000
Keren 146,500
Assab 74,405
Massawa 39,758
Mendefera 28,492
Beylul 14,055
Adi Keyh 13,061
Ghinda'e 11,560
Edd 11,259
Dek'emhare 10,959

Map of Eritrea with the Largest Cities

Other Countries in the Northern Africa Region

Geography

Eritrea is surrounded by Sudan in the west, Ethiopia in the south and Djibouti in the southeast. The east and northeast of the country extend along the coast of the Red Sea. It is located directly opposite Saudi Arabia and Yemen.

The Eritrean territory extends for about 950 km from Kasar Cape to the Dumeira Cape in the Bab-el-Mandeb Strait. The Dahlak Islands also belong to Eritrea. The northern extension of the Ethiopian high plateau, surrounded by low plains in the east and west, enters the Eritrean territory.

The eastern plain is about 16-80 km wide and covers the Danakil region and the northern edge of the Kobar Pit, which is 116 m below sea level. The plateau with a gentle slope in the west is fragmented by stream valleys that flow westward.

Governance

Eritrea is the State with a one-party system called the People’s Justice and Democracy Party (PFDJ). Even if the multi-party policy was adopted by 1997 laws, there is no other political group for the organization. The chair of the 150 parliamentary seats, of which 75 were the candidates of the EPLF guerrilla members and more or less opposed to the regime, were shaped by Isaias Afewerki, the “elected” president, shortly after the independence of 1993. The structure was never announced by the head of the provisional government.

National elections were scheduled at the time and canceled; it never occupied the country’s agenda. The independent local resources of political advisers of Eritrean domestic politicians are scarce.

In September 2001, the government closed all its national media outlets and those who publicly criticized were arrested.

Climate

Eritrea has a tropical monsoon climate. Eritrea, which is similar to the Ethiopian climate, has a more temperate and rainier climate than Ethiopia. The country’s climate varies in high areas and low areas.

  • High areas are rainy and cold in the country.
  • The coldest months in the high areas are between December and February.
  • May is the hottest month.
  • In low areas, the air temperature is between 25 degrees and 32 degrees.
  • Between October and May and it is a rainy period.
  • Between June and September, temperatures reach up to 40 degrees. It is generally over 30 degrees and has less rainfall.

Religion

50% of the population is Sunni Muslims. Christians and communities belonging to local religions constitute 50 percent of the population and live together in Eritrea.

Industry and Tourism

Eritrean economy is based on agriculture and animal husbandry. Most of the population lives in rural areas, most of them engaged in animal husbandry. Two-thirds of those living in rural areas have settled or semi-resident life and the rest are nomadic.

The country’s industry is very backward. The country’s export products are bovine, textile, food products. Export partners are Italy, USA, and Belarus. Import products are machinery, petroleum products, food, industrial goods. Import partners are Germany, Italy, and France.

Sports

The most popular sports in Eritrea are football and cycling. In the following years, Eritrean athletes are exhibiting in international competitions.

Almost the only bike race on the African continent is a race from Massawa’s hot desert beaches to the winding high cliff mountains, from there to the valleys and steep cliffs, then to the capital Asmara. From there, it continues down to Gash-Barka Region plains. Going back to Asmara is only from the south. In this long-distance, very popular sport in Eritrea, fans (spectators) form long queues throughout the race. Zersenay Tadesse and Mebrahtom (Meb) Keflezighi can be shown as the best athletes in the long-distance run in Eritrea. Both are Olympic.