Where is Ethiopia?

Ethiopia is located in the Northern Africa region at latitude 9.145 and longitude 40.489673 and is part of the African continent.

The DMS coordinates for the center of the country are:

  • 9Β° 8' 42.00'' N
  • 40Β° 29' 22.82'' E

You can see the location of Ethiopia on the world map below:

Ethiopia location on the map pointed out by a flag pin.

Ethiopia Neighboring Countries

The neighboring countries of Ethiopia (ET) are:

  1. Djibouti (DJ)
  2. Eritrea (ER)
  3. Kenya (KE)
  4. Somalia (SO)
  5. South Sudan (SS)
  6. Sudan (SD)

Ethiopia is a landlocked country, which means it does not have direct access to the open ocean.

Ethiopia Key Facts

CoordinatesLatitude: 9.145
Longitude: 40.489673
Country CodesAlpha 2: ET
Alpha 3: ETH
Country Flag EmojiπŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Ή
Int. Phone Prefix+251
Capital cityAddis Ababa
Northern Africa
Country Area1,104,300 sq km
Population 2021117,876,226
World Rank: 12
Median Age18.5
Life expectancy65
Major languagesOromo (official working language in the State of Oromiya) 33.8%, Amharic (official national language) 29.3%, Somali (official working language of the State of Sumale) 6.2%, Tigrigna (Tigrinya) (official working language of the State of Tigray) 5.9%, Sidamo 4%, Wolaytta 2.2%, Gurage 2%, Afar (official working language of the State of Afar) 1.7%, Hadiyya 1.7%, Gamo 1.5%, Gedeo 1.3%, Opuuo 1.2%, Kafa 1.1%, other 8.1%, English (major foreign language taught in schools), Arabic (2007 est.)
UTC/GMT TimeNumber of time zones: 1
  • UTC+03:00
Internet TLD.et
Biggest AirportAddis Ababa Bole International Airport (ADD)
Average temperature22.20 Β°C
71.96 Β°F
Administrative Divisions2 administrations 10 regional states
Political systemFederal parliamentary democratic republic

Ethiopia Economy Facts

World Bank Income GroupLow income
World Bank RegionSub-Saharan Africa
CurrencyEthiopian Birr (ETB)
GDP in 2020$107.7 (billions of USD)
World Rank: 59
GDP per capita in 2020$936
World Rank: 171
Major Industries / Economic SectorsAgriculture, manufacturing, energy, services
Top 5 Import CountriesChina, India, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Germany
Top 5 Export CountriesChina, United States, Saudi Arabia, Netherlands, India

Biggest Cities in Ethiopia

Here are the largest cities in Ethiopia based on 2021 data:

City Population
Addis Ababa 3,041,002
Nazret 324,000
Gonder 323,900
Mekele 323,700
Awasa 300,100
Dire Dawa 277,000
Bahir Dar 243,300
Dese 187,900
Jima 177,900
Harar 174,994

Map of Ethiopia with the Largest Cities

Map of Ethiopia

A map highlighting the country of Ethiopia in yellow with surrounding countries and major cities labeled.
Ethiopia Cities Map

Ethiopia Related Content

Image Sources and Copyright Information
  • Ethiopia Flag Pin on Map: Β© hyotographics/Shutterstock