Eritrea Flag Map and Meaning

The Eritrea flag serves as a poignant emblem, capturing the essence of the nation’s enduring character and the collective journey of its people. It stands as a testament to the resilience and hope embedded in the national consciousness, unfolding Eritrea’s distinct narrative in the global community.

Eritrea Flag

The flag of Eritrea, adopted following the nation's declaration of independence
The flag of Eritrea, adopted following the nation’s declaration of independence.

The flag of Eritrea presents a distinctive design that features a bold red triangle extending from the hoist side, juxtaposed with green and blue triangles occupying the fly end. At the heart of the red triangle lies a golden olive branch encircled by a wreath.

This design elegantly captures Eritrea’s historical voyage and aspirations for a better future, weaving a narrative of struggle and a harmonious future in its simple yet profound geometry.

Eritrea Flag: Color Palette



RGB: 60, 139, 220

CMYK: 73, 37, 0, 14



RGB: 235, 4, 51

CMYK: 0, 98, 78, 8



RGB: 251, 199, 36

CMYK: 0, 21, 86, 2



RGB: 11, 172, 36

CMYK: 94, 0, 79, 33

Eritrea's map painted in the colors of the national flag
Eritrea’s map painted in the colors of the national flag.

The color palette of the Eritrea flag is thoughtfully chosen, each hue holding deep significance. This selection forms a visual representation of the nation’s values, history, and environment, offering a glimpse into the heart of Eritrea without delving into the specific meanings of each color, which are richly layered and interpreted in the flag’s overall design.

Meaning of Each Color

The Eritrea flag in front of the Eritrea embassy in the UK© Julian Walker/Flickr
The Eritrea flag in front of the Eritrea embassy in the UK, symbolizing the nation’s presence and diplomacy on foreign soil.


The green color in Eritrea’s flag represents the nation’s agriculture and livestock. This symbolizes Eritrea’s connection to its land and agrarian society, underscoring the importance of agriculture in its cultural and economic life​​.


The red in the flag represents the bloodshed in Eritrea’s long struggle for independence. This color embodies the sacrifices and endurance of the Eritrean people during their fight for sovereignty, reflecting a deep national resilience and determination​​​​.


Blue signifies Eritrea’s maritime heritage, symbolizing the sea’s bounty. This color reflects the country’s relationship with the Red Sea, an integral part of its history and economy, and highlights its maritime culture​​​​.

Eritrea’s Coat of Arms

Eritrea coat of arms
The Eritrea’s Coat of Arms, reflecting the nation’s history of struggle.

The national emblem of Eritrea, adopted in 1993, features a dromedary camel in the desert, encircled by an olive wreath. The camel symbolizes its significant role during the War of Independence, instrumental in transporting supplies and goods.

This image reflects the resilience and resourcefulness of the Eritrean people in their quest for autonomy. The emblem also includes the country’s name in Tigrinya, English, and Arabic, representing Eritrea’s linguistic diversity​​.

Historical Evolution and the Meaning Behind Changes

The flag of Eritrea has undergone a significant evolution, reflecting the country’s tumultuous history and path towards independence. The original flag, used during the federation with Ethiopia and under British administration, bore distinct designs and colors, often featuring the Union Jack and other colonial symbols.

The historical flag of Eritrea from 1952 to 1962
The historical flag of Eritrea from 1952 to 1962

With the rise of the Eritrean Liberation Movement, a new flag was introduced in the 1950s. This flag featured a light blue field, symbolizing the United Nations, which played a role in Eritrea’s federative arrangement with Ethiopia.

The most profound change occurred in 1993 when Eritrea gained independence and adopted the current flag. This change departed from previous designs, embodying Eritrea’s struggle for freedom. Adopting this flag was crucial in establishing a distinct Eritrean identity separate from its colonial and federative past.

Overall Symbolic Meaning of the Flag

The location of Eritrea in East Africa, marked by a pin of its national flag© GR.Stocks/Shutterstock
The location of Eritrea in East Africa, marked by a pin of its national flag.

The Eritrea flag’s distinct geometric design and emblem encapsulates the nation’s enduring narrative. It reflects a deep-seated resolve for autonomy, honed through years of tenacity and sacrifice. The flag is a mosaic of Eritrea’s past and present, converging to narrate a story of resilience and the collective aspirations of its people.

Similar Flags to the Flag of Eritrea

Several flags from other nations share notable resemblances, reflecting shared themes of history, culture, and symbolism. Let’s delve into the top flags that echo the design and essence of Eritrea’s flag.

Sudan Flag

Flag of Sudan, sharing common themes of unity and African identity with Eritrea
Flag of Sudan, sharing common themes of unity and African identity with Eritrea.

The similarity between the Eritrea and Sudan flags lies primarily in their color scheme. Both flags feature the pan-African colors of red, green, and black. These colors are commonly used in African flags to symbolize unity and shared heritage across the continent.

Flag of Equatorial Guinea

Flag of Equatorial Guiena, highlighting shared African heritage and aspirations among nations
Flag of Equatorial Guiena, highlighting shared African heritage and aspirations among nations.

The flag of Equatorial Guinea shares similarities with the Eritrea flag through the use of green and red. In both flags, green symbolizes agricultural wealth, a common attribute in many African nations.

The red color, often associated with the bloodshed in the fight for independence, is a recurring theme in the flags of African countries that underwent struggles for self-governance and freedom from colonial rule.


The Eritrea flag encapsulates the nation’s journey, embodying its struggle, culture, and aspirations. It’s a symbol of identity and pride for Eritreans, distinguishing their country in the global mosaic of flags. This flag signifies more than national identity; it’s a testament to Eritrea’s enduring spirit and hope for the future.