Where is India?

India is located in the Central & South Asia region at latitude 20.593684 and longitude 78.96288 and is part of the Asian continent.

The DMS coordinates for the center of the country are:

  • 20° 35' 37.26'' N
  • 78° 57' 46.37'' E

You can see the location of India on the world map below:

Pin showing India on a map

India Neighboring Countries

The neighboring countries of India (IN) are:

  1. Bangladesh (BD)
  2. Bhutan (BT)
  3. China (CN)
  4. Myanmar (MM)
  5. Nepal (NP)
  6. Pakistan (PK)

Maritime Borders

India borders with Arabian Sea, the Bay of Bengal, and the Indian Ocean.

India Related Content

India Key Facts

CoordinatesLatitude: 20.593684
Longitude: 78.96288
Country CodesAlpha 2: IN
Alpha 3: IND
Country Flag Emoji🇮🇳
Int. Phone Prefix+91
Capital cityNew Delhi
Central & South Asia
Country Area3,287,263 sq km
Population 20211,393,409,033
World Rank: 2
Median Age27.6
Life expectancy67.2
Major languagesHindi 43.6%, Bengali 8%, Marathi 6.9%, Telugu 6.7%, Tamil 5.7%, Gujarati 4.6%, Urdu 4.2%, Kannada 3.6%, Odia 3.1%, Malayalam 2.9%, Punjabi 2.7%, Assamese 1.3%, Maithili 1.1%, other 5.6% (2011 est.)
UTC/GMT TimeNumber of time zones: 1
  • UTC+05:30
Internet TLD.in
Biggest AirportIndira Gandhi International Airport (DEL)
Average temperature23.65 °C
74.57 °F
Administrative Divisions28 states 8 union territories
Political systemFederal parliamentary democratic republic

India Economy Facts

World Bank Income GroupLower middle income
World Bank RegionSouth Asia
CurrencyIndian Rupee (INR)
GDP in 2020$2667.7 (billions of USD)
World Rank: 6
GDP per capita in 2020$1,933
World Rank: 146
Major Industries / Economic SectorsManufacturing, services, agriculture, energy
Top 5 Import CountriesChina, United Arab Emirates, United States, Saudi Arabia, Switzerland
Top 5 Export CountriesUnited States, United Arab Emirates, China, Saudi Arabia, Switzerland

Biggest Cities in India

Here are the largest cities in India based on 2021 data:

City Population
Delhi 31,870,000
Mumbai 22,186,000
Kolkata 18,698,000
Bangalore 13,999,000
Chennai 11,564,000
Hyderabad 9,840,000
Pune 7,948,000
Ahmedabad 7,717,000
Allahabad 5,954,391
Surat 4,875,000

Map of India with the Largest Cities

Other Countries in the Central & South Asia Region