Where is Turkmenistan?

Turkmenistan is located in the Central & South Asia region at latitude 38.969719 and longitude 59.556278 and is part of the Asian continent.

The DMS coordinates for the center of the country are:

  • 38° 58' 10.99'' N
  • 59° 33' 22.60'' E

You can see the location of Turkmenistan on the world map below:

Turkmenistan Neighboring Countries

The neighboring countries of Turkmenistan (TM) are:

  1. Afghanistan (AF)
  2. Iran (Islamic Republic of) (IR)
  3. Kazakhstan (KZ)
  4. Uzbekistan (UZ)

Turkmenistan is a landlocked country, which means it does not have direct access to the open ocean.

Maritime Borders

Turkmenistan borders with the Caspian Sea.

Pin showing Turkmenistan on a map

Turkmenistan Related Content

Turkmenistan Key Facts

CountryTurkmenistan
CoordinatesLatitude: 38.969719
Longitude: 59.556278
Country CodesAlpha 2: TM
Alpha 3: TKM
Country Flag Emoji🇹🇲
Int. Phone Prefix+993
Capital cityAshgabat
Continent
Subcontinent
Asia
Central & South Asia
Country Area488,100 sq km
Population 20216,117,933
World Rank: 112
Median Age25.8
Life expectancy69.3
Major languagesTurkmen (official) 72%, Russian 12%, Uzbek 9%, other 7%
UTC/GMT TimeNumber of time zones: 1
  • UTC+05:00
Internet TLD.tm
Biggest AirportAshgabat International Airport (ASB)
Average temperature15.10 °C
59.18 °F
Administrative Divisions5 regions 1 city
Political systemPresidential representative democratic republic

Turkmenistan Economy Facts

World Bank Income GroupUpper middle income
World Bank RegionEurope & Central Asia
CurrencyNew Manat (TMT)
GDP in 2020$34.8 (billions of USD)
World Rank: 94
GDP per capita in 2020$11,800
World Rank: 62
Major Industries / Economic SectorsOil and gas, manufacturing, agriculture, energy
Top 5 Import CountriesChina, Russia, Turkey, United Arab Emirates, Germany
Top 5 Export CountriesChina, Russia, Iran, UAE, Kazakhstan

Biggest Cities in Turkmenistan

Here are the largest cities in Turkmenistan based on 2021 population data:

City Population
Turkmenabat 408,906
Dasoguz 227,184
Mary 208,682
Balkanabat 89,785
Serdar 89,582
Turkmenbasy 68,292
Tejen 67,294
Abadan 40,813
Kaka 38,381
Atamyrat 38,350

Map of Turkmenistan with the Largest Cities

Other Countries in the Central & South Asia Region