India Political Map

Political Map of India
Political Map of India

India: Overview

  • Population: 1,375,610,310 (As of March 2020) [1]
  • Capital: New Delhi 
  • Language: Hindi 
  • Bordering Countries: Pakistan, Afghanistan, China, Nepal, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Myanmar       
  • Land Area: 1,269,219 square miles (3,287,263 sq km) 
  • Coastline: 4,670 miles (7,516 km)  
  • Highest Point: Kangchenjunga at 8,586m   
  • Latitude & Longitude: 20.5937 degrees north, 78.9629 degrees east 

Important Sites

India has 38 sites registered with UNESCO including 30 cultural sites, 7 natural sites, and one mixed site [2]. We have provided some of the best-known important landmarks and natural sites below:

The UNESCO World Heritage Sites are scattered throughout the country and give excellent insight into the cultural, religious, and natural history of India.

Gorgeous interior of the Taj Mahal
Gorgeous interior of the Taj Mahal

Transport Systems

Due to the dense population of India, it has an extensive road network – the second-busiest in the world. Road travel is the primary form of travel for both commercial goods, and the general public. Estimated distance of the total roads in India is over 3.4 million miles. This immense road network is connected by an extensive series of National Highways. India’s road network is maintained and developed by the National Highways Authority of India. Aside from roads, India also has one of the busiest and most iconic rail systems in the world. All rail services in the country are operated and maintained by Indian Railways as part of the Ministry of Railways. This huge network consists of over 7000 stations, and a total track length of over 115,000km. The rail network is a vital part of the transport system and is responsible for providing public transport for millions of passengers per year.    

Famous Tourist Attractions

India is a country rich in cultural heritage. It features a superb mix of Indian history and ancient architecture, together with glimpses of colonial times and the British Empire. The following are some of the most famous tourist attractions in India[3]: 

  • The Taj Mahal
  • Harmandir Sahib
  • Jaisalmer the Golden City
  • The Red Fort in New Delhi
  • Pristine Beaches of Goa
  • Periyar National Park
  • Agra Fort
  • Mysore Palace
  • The Gateway to India in Mumbai

This vast country is like nowhere else on earth. For the intrepid explorer it offers unlimited possibilities – from the epic cities of New Delhi and Mumbai, to the beautiful coastal locations like Goa. Whether you want to relax on a soft, sandy beach, or delve into the cultural history of India, there is something for everyone.

Bridge spanning the River Ganges
Bridge spanning the River Ganges


The official currency of India is the Indian Rupee. The main unit is 1 rupee, and the sub-unit is 100 paise. This is one of the oldest currencies in existence and has survived in some form in India since ancient history. Banknotes include 10, 20, 50, 100, 200, 500, and 2,000. Coins include 1, 2, 5, and 10. Currency circulation is controlled by the RBI – Reserve Bank of India [4]. This organization is located in Mumbai. It is responsible for inflation rates, the circulation of money, and the printing of new currency. 

Political System & Economy

India’s current political system was formed in 1947 after gaining independence from the British Empire. It is considered a federal parliamentary democratic republic. The head of state is the President of India, and the head of government is the Prime Minister of India.

India Gate, New Delhi
India Gate, New Delhi

In terms of administrative divisions, the country is first divided into 6 zones – western, southern, central, northern, eastern, and north eastern. After this, India has 29 different states – each state is ruled by administrators that are appointed by the president of India. India has a thriving and developing economy. It is currently ranked 5th in the world in nominal GDP and experiences annual economic growth. It’s main industries are centred around agriculture, manufacturing, and services. Examples of main manufacturing industries include defence, engineering, gems, petroleum, and textiles.

The Gateway of India, Mumbai
The Gateway of India, Mumbai


India is largely located in South Asia [5] – it is a vast country that has approximately one-sixth of the worlds population. The geography of India is unbelievably diverse – it features deserts, plains, snow-capped mountains, and plateaus, for example.

Tea plantations in the interior of India
Tea plantations in the interior of India

The country is actually classed as a subcontinent – it is located on the Indian Plate. In the south, India forms a dual-pronged peninsula that juts out into the Indian Ocean – the west is the Arabian Sea, and the east is the Bay Bengal. In the north and east of the country, the impressive Himalayan mountain range forms a hard border with Nepal, and Pakistan.  The severn different geographical regions of India are generally split into the following regions:

  • Northern mountains
  • Indo-Gangetic Plains
  • Thar Desert
  • Central Highlands
  • East Coast
  • West Coast
  • Bordering seas     



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India FAQs

  • Which is the 29th state in India?

    The 29th state in India is Telangana. This state is located in central India and has a total area of 43,273 square miles. Hyperbad is the permanent capital of this state and has a geography that consists mainly of hills, mountains, and forests.

  • Where is India on the Earth?

    India is located in central Asia. It borders numerous countries including Pakistan, Bhutan, Myanmar, and Afghanistan. It is located in the Indian Ocean and is located to the south of China and Pakistan.

  • Which is the capital city of India?

    New Delhi is the capital of India. This city has a population of 26 million in the greater metropolitan area. It is the seat of all branches of government for the country.

  • What are the five main regions of India?

    The five main regions of India are North, West, South, East/Northeast & Central. North India contains the Himalayas and the tourist hub of Rajasthan. West India has excellent coastal resorts like Goa. In the south, you can visit amazing parks like the Periyar National Park, whilst in central India, you can see amazing UNESCO sites like the temples at Khajuraho.