Colors and the Meaning of the India Flag
The Indian flag consists of three equal sized horizontal stripes. The top stripe is orange, the middle stripe is white, and the stripe is green at the bottom. There is a white stripe and a 24-wheeled blue wheel (Ashoka Chakra) emblem representing the law in the middle of the flag.
In the early days of 1931, the colors of the Indian flag represented the two main ethnic groups in India: the saffron stripe represented the Hindu people and the green ribbon Muslim people. The white color represented the desired peace and right between these two groups. When interpreted today, the orange color symbolizes courage and altruism, white purity and accuracy, and green, symbolizing abundance and faith. This 24-spoke wheel represents 24 hours and an endless life cycle.
History of the India Flag
From 1526 to 1857, the flag of the Mughal Empire was flown in the skies of India. The color of the flag was green and there were two yellow swords in the middle. The sword symbolized Islam. In the early 19th century, the country entered the British colony, and at the beginning of the twentieth century, the independence movements began and a national flag emerged. In 1904, Swami Vivekananda came from India to Ireland to learn from an Indian philosopher. He was the person who designed the Indian flag.
On September 7, 1905, Vande Mataram, which was offered by a Bangladesh-born poet that was then a member of India territory, was accepted as the national anthem of India.
On August 7, 1906, during the demonstration against the division of Bengal in Kolkata, the Indian flag was raised for the first time. This flag consisted of three broad, horizontal lines consisting of orange, yellow and green colors, respectively. On the orange line there were semi-open lotus flowers and the green line with the sun crescent. On the yellow line “Vande Mataram” that means “Mother, I bow to thee” was written.
On August 22, 1907, an Indian rebel in Germany designed another flag. The flag was green, yellow, and red. On these colors, respectively, there were lotus flowers representing 8 states, the “Vande Mataram” phrase, the Sun and Crescent.
With the First World War, the Berlin committee for Indian independence in Berlin accepted this flag. After that, the flag was also recognized as the flag of the Berlin Commission. This flag was used in this way in many parts of India during the First World War. In 1916, Indian artist Bidhata worked for the design of a national flag, but another design was done when Mahatma Gandhi said that the flag did not represent all religious beliefs.
This design consisted of three colors representing all three religious figures. At the top, white, in the middle green, and at the bottom the red color is defined as the horizontal wide line. The flag is reminiscent of the Irish flag. In 1924, the Sanskriti Conference held in Kolkata decided to change the color of the flag. Apart from the open right hand figure in the middle, a flag-like design used today was chosen. At present, the Indian national army is using another flag with the phrase “Azad Hind (Free India)”. There is also a picture of a bouncing tiger symbolizing the armed struggle on this flag.
On 22 July 1947 the current flag was accepted as the official flag of India. The flag of the Indian Flag is composed of three parts as a symbol of freedom. The first section consists of orange in the middle and a dark green color at the bottom. This flag was inspired by the flag of the Indian National Congress and prepared by the artist Pingali Venkayya. Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of India, and his Indian Independence Movement leaders have chosen the anthem arl Jana Ghana Mana air, whose lyrics and compositions belong to the Indian Poet Rabindranath Tagore, but which do not address any religious group or community, as the national anthem.
Neighboring Countries of India
India, a country located in South Asia, is adjacent to Pakistan to the west, to the People’s Republic of China in the northeast, Nepal, and Bhutan and to the countries of Bangladesh and Myanmar in the east. It is also very close to Sri Lanka, Maldives, and Indonesia.
Main Characteristics of India
India; a country that has a lot of names in the world with its entertainment styles, traditions, food culture and colorful life. With a population of over 1 billion, it is the second most populous country in the world. It is also known as the festival country because of its entertaining festivals held almost every day of the year. Bollywood cinema also attracts world attention. With its modern architectural structure, New Delhi is the capital of the country. 850 different languages are spoken except the official languages of Hindi and English. India rupees are used as currency.
Weather conditions vary by region. The three main seasons are hot, cool and monsoon. November and February months are cool in many parts of the country.
The basis of the country’s cuisine is spices. Curry, black cumin and mustard grains, cinnamon sticks and ginger are among the most used spices. Food culture varies by region. Because of Hindu religion, they do not give much place to veal.
|Capital City||New Delhi|
|Currency||indian rupee (INR)|
|Highest Point||Kangchenjunga (8,586 m)|
|Total Area||3,287,260 km2|