🇹🇲 Turkmenistan Flag Unveiled: Colors, Meaning, Coat of Arms, Flag Map, and Similar Flags

The flag of Turkmenistan symbolizes the nation’s distinctive character and vision. Its design captures the essence of Turkmen cultural and environmental landmarks, representing the country’s path and collective aspirations.

This emblem signifies more than sovereignty; it is a narrative of resilience and hope woven into the nation’s history and forward-looking ambitions.

Flag of Turkmenistan

Flag of Turkmenistan
Flag of Turkmenistan, with its latest modification from 2001.

The flag of Turkmenistan is distinguished by its unique design, featuring a vertical stripe adorned with traditional carpet patterns specific to the country’s major tribes.

Alongside this, a crescent moon and five stars add a layer of symbolism, representing the unity and harmony of its regions. The inclusion of intricate cultural motifs sets this flag apart, making it a profound emblem of Turkmenistan’s heritage and identity on the world stage.

Flag of Turkmenistan: Color Palette



RGB: 0, 133, 58

CMYK: 100, 0, 56, 48



RGB: 210, 38, 48

CMYK: 0, 82, 77, 18



RGB: 255, 199, 44

CMYK: 0, 22, 83, 0



RGB: 56, 55, 57

CMYK: 2, 4, 0, 78



RGB: 255, 255, 255

CMYK: 0, 0, 0, 0

Flag-map of Turkmenistan
Flag-map of Turkmenistan, adorned in the symbolism of the national flag.

Turkmenistan Flag Emoji: 🇹🇲

The color palette of Turkmenistan’s flag, inspired by its Central Asian setting, artfully combines shades that resonate with the nation’s dynamic culture and the stark beauty of its landscapes.

Each hue is rich with symbolic value, rooted in tradition and the geographic essence of Turkmenistan, inviting a closer look at their distinct meanings.

Meaning of Each Color

Mary turkmenistan turkmen national flag on flagpole square© AlexelA/Shutterstock
Flagpole of the Turkmenistan national flag in the Independence Square of Ashgabat, the capital of Turkmenistan.


Traditionally, green symbolizes Islam, reflecting Turkmenistan’s spiritual foundation and predominant faith. This color’s inclusion in the flag represents religious devotion and the verdant landscapes that characterize much of the country’s terrain.


The white crescent moon and stars on the flag are emblematic of peace, purity, and the bright future envisioned by Turkmenistan. White is universally recognized as a symbol of peace and purity and, in this context, underscores the nation’s aspirations for progress and harmony.

Red (Claret/Bordeaux-red)

The vertical stripe of claret on the hoist side of the flag, adorned with carpet guls, pays homage to the Turkish people’s ancient and revered carpet-weaving tradition.

Each of the five guls represents a major tribe, weaving the story of unity and cultural diversity into the nation’s fabric. In many cultures, red is associated with life, vitality, and courage, reflecting the enduring spirit of the Turkmen tribes.

Olive Wreath

Although not a color, the golden olive wreath introduced in the flag’s design in 1997 symbolizes peace and neutrality, mirroring the emblem of the United Nations and underscoring Turkmenistan’s commitment to peaceful relations on the international stage.

Turkmenistan Coat of Arms

Turkmenistan's coat of arms
Turkmenistan’s coat of arms, representing the nation’s enduring symbols and traditions.

Turkmenistan’s coat of arms symbolizes state sovereignty and national identity, encapsulating various elements that reflect the country’s history, culture, and natural resources.

At the center, a depiction of the Akhal-Teke horse, renowned for its speed and beauty, represents the nation’s pride in its equestrian heritage.

  • Surrounding the horse, a disc of green wheat symbolizes the fertility of Turkmen land and the importance of agriculture to the nation’s economy and sustenance.
  • The blue and white stripes at the bottom, echoing the flag’s colors, represent the vital resources of water and cotton, essential to Turkmenistan’s agrarian and textile traditions.
  • The five carpet guls, also present on the flag, appear here to signify the unity of Turkmen tribes and the cultural significance of carpet weaving.
  • The coat of arms is topped with a golden crescent, consistent with Islamic symbolism, and five stars representing the five provinces of Turkmenistan, reinforcing themes of unity, faith, and the harmonious coexistence of the country’s diverse regions.

This emblem serves as a concise narrative of Turkmenistan’s heritage, natural wealth, and the aspirations of its people, deeply interwoven with symbols that resonate with national pride and cultural identity.

Historical Evolution and the Meaning Behind Changes

The flag of Turkmenistan has undergone significant transformations that mirror the country’s historical journey and evolving identity. These changes reflect shifts in political regimes, cultural renaissance, and Turkmenistan’s assertion of its sovereignty on the world stage.

Before independence, Turkmenistan, as part of the Soviet Union, flew a flag similar to those of other Soviet Republics. This flag featured a red background, symbolizing communism and revolution, with two horizontal light blue stripes.

Flag of the Turkmen SSR
Flag of the Turkmen SSR

Following independence from the Soviet Union in 1991, Turkmenistan sought to establish a distinct identity. The original flag introduced in 1992 featured a green background and crescent moon, establishing a connection to Islam and the natural beauty of Turkmenistan.

In 1997, the flag saw a subtle but meaningful modification by adding the olive branch, a universal symbol of peace, below the carpet guls. These changes may have been inspired by the country’s declaration of permanent neutrality recognized by the United Nations in 1995.

The most recent major redesign in 2001 adjusted the flag’s proportions and slightly altered the shade of green, making it lighter. This change reflects a desire to modernize the flag’s appearance and perhaps make the symbols more distinguishable.

Each phase in the evolution of Turkmenistan’s flag colors and design elements underscores a pivotal moment in the nation’s history—from its Soviet past to an independent nation cherishing its Islamic heritage, cultural traditions, and aspirations for peace and neutrality.

Overall Symbolic Meaning of the Flag

Flag-pin of Turkmenistan, marking the location of Turkmenistan© GR.Stocks/Shutterstock
Flag-pin of Turkmenistan, marking the location of Turkmenistan on the map.

The flag of Turkmenistan stands as a profound emblem of the nation’s unity, rich cultural heritage, and peaceful aspirations. It weaves traditional motifs and symbols that reflect the country’s collective spirit and historical depth, encapsulating its commitment to harmony among its diverse tribes and regions.

Similar Flags to the Flag of Turkmenistan

Flags that share similarities with Turkmenistan’s flag often do so due to elements like Islamic symbols, traditional patterns, or similar color schemes, reflecting shared cultural, religious, or regional characteristics.


Pakistan's flag, resonating with Turkmenistan's
Pakistan’s flag, resonating with Turkmenistan’s in its Islamic motifs and colors.

The flag of Pakistan features a green field with a white vertical bar at the hoist side, a white crescent moon, and a five-pointed star centered in the green field.

The green color represents Islam, as in Turkmenistan’s flag, highlighting the religious identity and majority of the population. The crescent and star are traditional Islamic symbols, signifying progress and light.


Algeria's flag, sharing Islamic symbols with Turkmenistan
Algeria’s flag, sharing Islamic symbols with Turkmenistan, yet distinct in its representation of freedom.

Algeria’s flag is vertically bisected into two equal parts, green and white, with a red crescent and star centered over the boundary. The green half echoes the Islamic symbolism found in Turkmenistan’s flag, representing the religion’s prominence in the country.

The red crescent and star are also shared Islamic symbols, but the use of red adds a dimension of revolution and struggle for freedom, reflecting Algeria’s history of independence from French colonial rule.


Mauritania's flag, echoing Turkmenistan's Islamic heritage
Mauritania’s flag, echoing Turkmenistan’s Islamic heritage while highlighting unique national narratives.

The flag of Mauritania also features green and gold colors, common in Islamic flags, with a central crescent and star. Introduced in 2017, two red stripes were added to the top and bottom of the flag, symbolizing the sacrifices made by the country’s citizens.

The green field, gold crescent, and star in Mauritania’s flag share the Islamic significance seen in Turkmenistan’s flag, representing faith and hope.

Final Thoughts

Turkmenistan’s flag is a vibrant mosaic of the nation’s heritage and aspirations, distinct from the global flags for its intricate symbolism and cultural depth. It serves as a source of pride and unity for its citizens, encapsulating their shared history and forward-looking spirit.