Estonia is located in the Northern Europe region at latitude 58.595272 and longitude 25.013607 and is part of the European continent.
The DMS coordinates for the center of the country are:
- 58° 35' 42.98'' N
- 25° 0' 48.99'' E
You can see the location of Estonia on the world map below:
Estonia Neighboring Countries
The neighboring countries of Estonia (EE) are:
- Latvia (LV)
- Russian Federation (RU)
Estonia borders with the Baltic Sea.
Estonia Related Content
Estonia Key Facts
|Country Codes||Alpha 2: EE|
Alpha 3: EST
|Country Flag Emoji||🇪🇪|
|Int. Phone Prefix||+372|
|Country Area||45,228 sq km|
World Rank: 153
|Major languages||Estonian (official) 68.5%, Russian 29.6%, Ukrainian 0.6%, other 1.2%, unspecified 0.1% (2011 est.)|
|UTC/GMT Time||Number of time zones: 1|
|Biggest Airport||Tallinn Airport (TLL)|
|Average temperature||5.00 °C|
|Administrative Divisions||15 counties 64 rural municipalities 15 urban municipalities|
|Political system||Parliamentary republic|
Estonia Economy Facts
|World Bank Income Group||High income|
|World Bank Region||Europe & Central Asia|
|GDP in 2020||$30.7 (billions of USD)|
World Rank: 98
|GDP per capita in 2020||$23,054|
World Rank: 37
|Major Industries / Economic Sectors||Manufacturing, services, agriculture, energy|
|Top 5 Import Countries||Finland, Russia, Sweden, Latvia, Lithuania|
|Top 5 Export Countries||Finland, Sweden, Russia, Latvia, Germany|
Biggest Cities in Estonia
Here are the largest cities in Estonia based on 2021 population data:
Map of Estonia with the Largest Cities
Other Countries in the Northern Europe Region
Counties of Estonia
In Estonia, there are 15 counties. Below, you can see the map of the counties of Estonia.
Its capital is Tallinn. It has a population of 610,468 in total. Also its surface area is 4,333 square kilometers.
Its capital is Kärdla. It has a population of 9,580 in total. Furthermore, its surface area is 989 square kilometers.
Its capital is Jõhvi. It has a population of 142,562 in total. Its surface area is 3,364 square kilometers.
Its capital is Jõgeva. It has a population of 29,544 in total. Moreover, its surface area is 2,604 square kilometers.
Its capital is Paide. It has a population of 31,082 in total. Also its surface area is 2,623 square kilometers.
Its capital is Haapsalu. It has a population of 21,174 in total. In addition its surface area is 2,383 square kilometers.
Its capital is Rakvere. It has a population of 60,694 in total. Its surface area is 3,627 square kilometers.
Its capital is Põlva. It has a population of 25,655 in total. Moreover its surface area is 2,165 square kilometers.
Its capital is Pärnu. It has a population of 87,681 in total. Its surface area is 4,807 square kilometers.
Its capital is Rapla. It has a population of 33,774 in total. Also its surface area is 2,980 square kilometers.
Its capital is Kuressaare. It has a population of 33,925 in total. It has a 2,673 square kilometers surface area in total.
Its capital is Tartu. It has a population of 154,819 in total. Its surface area is 2,993 square kilometers.
Its capital is Valga. It has a population of 29,571 in total. Valga has a surface area of 2,044 square kilometers in total.
Its capital is Viljandi. It has a population of 47,563 in total. Its surface area is 3,422 square kilometers.
Its capital is Võru. It has a population of 36,897 in total. Also its surface area is 2,305 square kilometers.
Estonia Geography, Facts
Estonia, located in Northern Europe; is one of the countries with the highest literacy rates in the world. Tallinn, the capital city, is one of the cities that you need to visit with a lot of interest.
To the north lies the Gulf of Finland, the Russian Federation to the east, Latvia to the south, and the Baltic Sea to the west.
The influence of past glaciers is widespread in Estonian lands with a surface area of 45,100 square kilometers. To the north of the territory of the country, there are narrow and long elevations that come from the remaining sediments of the icebergs. The average altitude is around 50 meters. The highest point of the country is Munamägi Hill (318 meters) located in the south-east.
Most of the rivers flow northward into the Gulf of Finland. The lakes cover 5% of the country’s land. The largest lake is Peipus Lake.
Estonia’s political regime is a parliamentary democracy. The Parliament (Riigikogu) has 101 seats. According to the Constitution, general elections are held every March every four years. The election threshold is 5%.
Temperate climate prevails. The temperature average is 16 degrees in summer and -4 degrees in winter.
Estonia is a country with a rich and diverse religious background, but in recent years the majority of population census is atheists. Christianity is the most common religion throughout the country.
Industry and Tourism
The economy is based on industrialization. Agriculture is also a significant contributor to the economy. Since the soils are not suitable for cultivation, about half of the plant production is grass grown for animals.
Oil and petroleum products play an important role in the country’s industry. The shale oil processing industry is also important in terms of the production of thermal electric energy required for the industry as well as the production of synthetic gas.
The petrochemical industry includes products such as gasoline, adhesives, tanneries, resins formaldehyde and detergents. The building-materials industry also developed.
Furthermore, the main forest products are plywood, matches, paper, paper clay, and furniture. Among the woven products, cotton fabric is important.
Other industrial establishments are factories that manufacture oil refining equipment, agricultural tools, mining machines, pipe excavators and electronic tools.
What is the Currency of Estonia?
Estonia’s currency is the Euro.
Estonia, which is a member of the European Union in 2004, has been using the Euro since 2011. The mark of the euro is € and the code is EUR. The currency of the country before 2011 was Estonian Kroon.
The sign of the Estonian kroon is the kr and the international code is EEK. The Estonian kroon was the currency of Estonia between 1928-1940 and 1992-2011.
Between January 1 and January 14, 2011, Estonia used kroon together with the euro, later Euro became Estonian’s legal currency. The kroon means “crown” in Estonian. Estonia began to use Soviet rubles after joining to the Soviet Union in 1940.
Having gained independence after the collapse of the Soviets, Estonia began using the kroon currency again in 1992. From 1992, the use of the kroon currency continued until 2011 when the euro began to use.
From 2011, Estonia began using the Euro. In 2002, the euro was the currency of choice in Germany, France, Belgium, the Netherlands, Luxembourg, Ireland, Spain, Portugal, Italy, Greece, Finland, and Austria.
The euro is the common and monolithic part of the European Monetary Union, the last stage of the Common Market system that European countries have established to raise the welfare level.
Coins and Banknotes
- Coins: 1 cent, 2 cent, 5 cent, 10 cent, 20 cent, 50 cent, €1 and €2
- Banknotes: €5, €10, €20, €50, €100, €200 and €500