Where is Iceland?

Iceland is located in the Northern Europe region at latitude 64.963051 and longitude -19.020835 and is part of the European continent.

The DMS coordinates for the center of the country are:

  • 64° 57' 46.98'' N
  • 19° 1' 15.01'' W

You can see the location of Iceland on the world map below:

The country has no neighboring countries/land borders.

Maritime Borders

Iceland borders the Atlantic Ocean.

Pin pointing out the Iceland on a map.

Iceland Related Content

Iceland Key Facts

CountryIceland
CoordinatesLatitude: 64.963051
Longitude: -19.020835
Country CodesAlpha 2: IS
Alpha 3: ISL
Country Flag Emoji🇮🇸
Int. Phone Prefix+354
Capital cityReykjavík
Continent
Subcontinent
Europe
Northern Europe
Country Area103,000 sq km
Population 2021372,295
World Rank: 172
Median Age35.9
Life expectancy82.7
Major languagesIcelandic, English, Nordic languages, German
UTC/GMT TimeNumber of time zones: 1
  • UTC±00:00
Internet TLD.is
Biggest AirportKeflavik International Airport (KEF)
Average temperature8.00 °C
46.40 °F
Administrative Divisions8 regions 69 municipalities
Political systemParliamentary republic

Iceland Economy Facts

World Bank Income GroupHigh income
World Bank RegionEurope & Central Asia
CurrencyIcelandic Krona (ISK)
GDP in 2020$21.7 (billions of USD)
World Rank: 108
GDP per capita in 2020$59,264
World Rank: 10
Major Industries / Economic SectorsFishing, manufacturing, tourism, energy
Top 5 Import CountriesNorway, United States, Germany, United Kingdom, China
Top 5 Export CountriesUnited States, United Kingdom, Germany, Norway, China

Biggest Cities in Iceland

Here are the largest cities in Iceland based on 2021 population data:

City Population
Reykjavik 128,793
Kopavogur 34,140
Hafnarfjordhur 28,703
Akureyri 18,925
Keflavik 16,463
Gardhabaer 16,299
Akranes 7,411
Selfoss 6,878
Saudharkrokur 2,682
Isafjordhur 2,620

Map of Iceland with the Largest Cities

Other Countries in the Northern Europe Region

Geography

Iceland is located in the north of the Atlantic Ocean, south of Greenland and between Norway and the British Isles. The island of Iceland is a volcanic island. There are also many small islands around.

Iceland’s closest neighbor, located in the middle of North America and Northern Europe, is Greenland, 350 kilometers away. Other neighbors are Scotland, 800 kilometers and Norway, 1050 kilometers away.

93.02 percent of the people of Iceland are from the Norwegian and Celtic descendants and 6.98 percent from foreigners. Located in the northernmost part of the Northern Hemisphere, Iceland is a country that attracts attention with its natural beauties and different landforms.

Although the name means ice country, the country has a mild climate with the effect of the hot stream of Gulf Stream. It can be 24 hours a day and night during different seasons of the year.

Iceland on the World Map
Iceland on the World Map

The total surface area of the country is 103,000 km². A large part of Iceland is volcanic and the volcanoes on the island are still active. The number of them is 200. The most important is Hekla, which is 1490 meters high.

Where is Iceland? 1
Iceland Regions

The coasts of Iceland are flat in the south and indented in other places. The length of the coast is more than 6,000 km.

Map of Iceland with cities and highways
Map of Iceland with cities and highways

Some parts of the island emerged as a result of the eruption of volcanoes in the past. It is covered with lava plains. In these plains, there are ice domes called jökül. The largest of them, Vatnapöhull is Europe’s largest glacier with an area of 8,500 km².

On the island, there are many rivers with plenty of waterfalls. They are short and unsuitable for transportation. The most important river is Tjorsa (210 km). There are many crater lakes in Iceland. Thingvallavat Lake, which is the most important, is 120 km² and is 116 meters deep.

Governance

On 17 June 1944, the Republic of Iceland left Denmark and declared its independence. The constitution was held on 16 June 1944. The president is Ólafur Ragnar Grímsson, who is elected every four years. It has two 40-member and 20-member councils, and the mandate of both is four years. Members are determined by election.

The Prime Minister is authorized by the President and establishes the government. The country is managed by 23 regions and 14 cities.

Climate

There are two seasons in Iceland, summer, and winter. Despite its geographical coordinates, the country has the warmest and hottest hours in June, July, and August.

The climate varies between different locations of the island. While the lowest temperature in the country was measured at -39 degrees, in 2009 the record high temperature was measured at 29 degrees.

Generally, the average temperature on the island is 0 degrees, while the average temperature goes down to the hills of Iceland -10 degrees. On the island under the influence of the Gulf Stream, the summers are moist and cool and the winters are quite soft.

The sun in the northern part of June does not set for 18 days. The average rainfall is 865 millimeters in the capital and 1710 in the southeast.

Religion

At a rate of 95.6 percent, the majority of the population is dependent on the Evangelist sect of Christianity. The remainder is 3.7% Protestant and 0.7% Catholic. Ten percent of the population of Iceland say that they are atheists and 31 percent say they are not religious despite being faithful.

Industry and Tourism

Being an island country, the basis of the Icelandic economy is fish and seafood. The main species of fish are whale and vertex. In addition, animal husbandry is an important source of livelihood. Animal products also play an important role in exports.

80 percent of fish products, including fish, salted and frozen fish, fish meal, fish oil is exported. The most important export partners are UK, Germany, Netherlands, USA, Spain, and Denmark. The most important import partners are the Netherlands, Japan, Sweden, USA, Germany, China, UK, Norway, and Denmark.

Only 0.5 percent of the territory of the country is suitable for agricultural production. Its main products are animal feed, potatoes, and turnips.

The country is poor in terms of underground resources; only aluminum is exported. In the country where industrial activities are carried out, there are shipyards where big ships are built, large ships are repaired. In the country where the unemployment rate is 0.8 percent, winter tourism and thermal tourism is highly developed.