What is the Capital of Cuba? Cuba’s capital is Havana. Havana is a beautiful city where the streets are decorated with colorful houses, classical cars and artists.
Havana has been suffering in every period of its history, but it can be said that the capital of the country where people who have always stood up for freedom are living in Havana.
When did Havana Become the Capital?
the Conquistador Diego Velázquez de Cuéllar founded the city in 1515, near the city of Batabanó today. In 1519 Havana was moved to where it is today. The city develops as a result of the location’s suitability and becomes an important commercial and military port.
It was attacked by a number of pirates, who were loaded with valuable treasures by Spanish ships. The city was burned in 1538 and plundered in 1553/1555. Havana became the capital of Cuba, the Spanish colony in 1607. Great Britain took the city in 1762, and then exchanged it for Florida. By passing the city back to the Spanish, it is structured as America’s strongest protected city.
In the forbidden period in the US, it has become a popular attraction for American tourists. Although nightclubs and casinos were able to survive with the removal of the bans in the United States, they were closed following the Cuban revolution of 1959. Cuban revolutionaries took Havana on 3 January 1959 following the revolution.
Features of Havana
It has a population of 2.11 million by 2018. The surface area is 728.3 square kilometers. Cuba has a semi-tropical climate. During short winter periods, they wind up with short-term winds coming from the north. The temperature difference between summer and winter is not much. The average annual temperature is 26 degrees. While there is rainfall between May and October in the country, it is dry between November and April.
Iy is Cuba’s most important industrial region. Especially metal products, machinery and chemical products are important. Apart from these, rum, drinks such as Havana Club, tobacco and textile products are the other essential ones. Cigars produced in Cuba are called Havana.
The city is also the most important transportation center of the country. It has both an important natural harbor and an international airport. Havana Bay is one of the safest ports in the world. The passage to the open sea is limited by a very narrow passage, due to the natural formation of the shore line.
Important Places to See in Havana
It is one of Cuba’s most visited cities, which is still influenced by the communist government. The Plaza de La Revolucion, where many events were carried out under the leadership of legendary leaders, attracts many tourists with its historical buildings, museums, and people’s lifestyle. At the beginning of places to visit; Plaza de La Revolucion, Capitolio Nacional, and Plaza de Armas.