Canberra is Australia’s capital city and the eighth largest city.
The place was built in 1913 in the middle of Australia’s Cardilleries; is a designed city located 300 km south west of Sydney, two rival landmarks, 650 km north of Melbourne, in a region called the Australian Capital Territory.
The Australian Parliament is located in this city. American Walter Burley Griffin made the city’s plan. Completed in 1927, the city developed rapidly after 1945. The administrative buildings cover a large area. The commercial center is getting more and more vibrant, and this constantly growing city is constantly diversifying.
When did Canberra Become the Capital?
The two biggest cities of Australia are based on the historical record of competition between Sydney and Melbourne.
Sydney — Melbourne Competition. When Australia came out of its colony in 1901 and decided to unite under a federation roof, the decision of where the federal capital of the country would come into the agenda. One of the most important conditions of United Australia was that Sydney and Melbourne were on equal terms in this new formation.
According to the decisions, the national capital would be a third place outside these two cities. A provision to establish the capital within the boundaries of the NSW State was made. But not to be closer than 160 km to Sydney. They wanted the capital set up on a relatively cold place, believing that people will work better in cold weather.
After the verdict, in 1902 the search for a suitable place for the establishment of the capital began.
The Capital Canberra
There were 35 locations as the capital candidate including Bathurst, Bomb, Dalgety, Orange, Tumut and Albury. Canberra become the capital in 1908, and work began to establish the city. Moreover, they set up an international competition in 1912 to plan the city.
American architect Walter Burley Griffin won the contest. Canberra’s construction began in 1913. When the First World War began, the parliamentary building in Canberra was under construction.
In 1921, the government decided to build a temporary parliamentary building. The building, opened in 1927, served 61 years, although it was temporary.
The new Australian Parliament came into service in 1988. At Capitol Hill, 125,000 trucks, 1 million cubic meters of soil and stone were removed from the area for building the building into the hill.
It is estimated that the cement to be used for the construction of the parliament building could build 25 Opera Houses. The House of Representatives, which has 150 deputies, has 240 deputies and the Senate hall, which has 76 members, has the capacity to host 120 senates.
Features of Canberra
The Australian Capital Territory is the capital city of Canberra in Australia. ACT is the abbreviation. It is Australia’s smallest province with an area of 2.35 km². Canberra has a population 398,566 as of 2017.
Temperate oceanic climate effects are visible in Canberra. The city receives a high amount of rainfall. In the southern hemisphere has the lowest temperatures during the winter months. The average temperature in this period is around 5-6 degrees. In January, the hottest month, it is around 20-22 degrees.
The Australian cuisine is based on red meat, vegetables, fruit, and seafood. The center of cattle and sheep in the country is Canberra, and for this reason, it is possible to taste the finest varieties of red meat in Canberra.
Important Places to See in Canberra
Canberra is one of the rare cities where the natural beauty of the country can survive without deterioration. With its modern, spacious, tidy and natural structure, Canberra is popular with its fascinating natural beauty as well as its cultural and artistic institutions.
Here are some important places to visit in Australia:
- Australian War Memorial,
- National Gallery of Australia,
- National Zoo & Aquarium, and
- National Library of Australia.