Colors and the Meaning of the Cuba Flag
On Cuba Flag, there are five horizontal bands, three of which are blue and two are white. There is a red triangle on the left side of the flag and a five-pointed white star in this triangle.
The three blue lines represent the three regions of the island: West Cuba, Central Cuba, East Cuba. It is also said that it means science, virtue and beauty. Two white lines represent justice and goodness. The red equilateral triangle represents three fundamental rights of man. These rights are freedom, equality, and brotherhood. The star in the middle of the triangle represents freedom, sovereignty, and independence.
History of the Cuba Flag
The Cuban idea of the flag arises with the dream of being independent of the Spanish administration. In 1849, the first design of the flag was made by the poet Miguel Teutbe Tolon, the author of the drama, and the dream becomes reality. This flag is welcomed by Venezuelan General Lopez, who is supported by the United States. Because his goal was to protect the interests of the US by saving the island from the Spanish colony, and most importantly, keeping the slave trade under control.
Designed by Miguel Teurbe Tolon, the flag is shaped with three blue, two white stripes and a red equilateral triangle with stars. The three blue stripes symbolize the sea surrounding the Cuban island, the two white stripes symbolize the purity of the national movement, the red triangle symbolizes the blood of the people who died for the sake of independence and the white star represents independence.
Cuba’s Independence Resistance
In 1850, Narciso Lopez used this flag as a symbol of Cuba’s independence movement. The same flag was also used in Spanish wars. But in spite of these wars, none of them could be victorious.
Under the leadership of Attorney Carlos Manuel in Bayamo against the Spanish colony, the Cuban resistance began with the slogan “La Bayamesa”, which means Bayamo Movements. On January 1, 1899, Lopez’s flag began to fluctuate on Cuba. Thus, the 400-year occupation of the Spanish island of Cuba is also finished. In 1902, under the leadership of Tomas Estrada Palma, the Republic of Cuba was proclaimed, and Pedro Figueredo was accepted as the national anthem called La Bayamesa. The Cuban Revolution took place in January 1959 under the leadership of Che Guevara and his friend Fidel Castro, who were considered to be the symbol of the Cubans and other revolutionary movements around the world.
With the proclamation of the leader of Cuba, Fidel Castro forms a two-part red and black wide-lined flag of the Party. This flag is raised in all institutions and buildings in Cuba. The flag that Narciso Lopez has made a symbol of Cuba’s independence movement was accepted as the official flag of the country. However, the colors and shapes in the flag’s design gained other meanings after the declaration of independence. The blue lines in the flag represent the old geographical parts of the island and the red triangle represents the blood spilled to gain independence. The white star in the flag is considered as a symbol of freedom and equality among the Cuban people.
Neighboring Countries of Cuba
Cuba, an island country in the Caribbean, is adjacent to the United States (150 km away) in the north, Mexico, the Bahamas in the west, Cayman Islands and Jamaica in the south, and Haiti and the Dominican Republic in the southeast.
Main Characteristics of Cuba
With its classic cars, Cuba is an island country that has never lost its historical texture with its nostalgic streets. During your trip, you can often see singing, dancing people and old-fashioned classic cars. The world-famous cigars are produced in Cuba. Havana is the most developed city in terms of tourism as well as being the capital of the country. The official language is Spanish. Cuban pesos are used as currency.
Tropical climate prevails. The average temperature is 26 degrees.
Cuban cuisine is a mixture of Spanish, Caribbean, and African. Pork, corn, black beans, and lobster are the most consumed foods. The most popular dish in the country is black rice, called Congri. The world-renowned Mojito drinks are also very popular.
|Currency||cuban convertible peso (CUC)|
|Highest point||Pico Turquino (1,974 m)|
|Total area||110,861 km2|