What is the Capital of France? Paris is the capital city of France and the center of France. It is built on the Seine River, in the middle of the Paris Basin.
Known for its monuments, artistic and cultural life all over the world, Paris is also one of the major economic and political centers along with being an important city in world history and is one of the transit points of international transport. Paris, a fashion and luxury world capital, is also known as “City of Lights”.
When did Paris Become the Capital?
The most important archaeological finds are the remains of the oldest permanent human settlement in the Paris region, which was discovered in 1991 in the 12th region. During the infrastructure work in Bercy, it was found that between 4,000 and 3,800 BC there was a hunting-era village on the old coast of the Seine River. These remnants were many carved kayaks with very important archaeological value, pottery from the ground, arrows and springs, bone and stone tools. Other inventions are aqueducts between zone 14 and zone 13.
Paris takes its current name in the 5th century. After the victory against the Romans, Frank King I. Clovis settled in Paris in 508, making it a capital. Paris was occupied by the German army in the Second World War on June 14, 1940. On August 25, 1944, the city was rescued by the French 2nd Armored Division and the United States Army 4th Infantry Division.
Features of Paris
Paris is a city built on the Seine River and Paris basin. The population of the city is approximately 11.1 million as of 2018, along with the suburbs. The population of the city center is around 2.3 million. The total surface area of Paris is about 105,000 km² and accounts for about 15% of France’s surface area.
Paris does not have a very high altitude. The highest altitude is around 130 meters and the lowest altitude is 25-30 meters. The area where the city of Paris was founded is an area where mankind has been in existence since ancient times. Remains date back 4000 years ago.
A warm and temperate climate dominates Paris. Even in the driest months, the amount of rainfall is quite high. Paris’s annual average temperature is 11.3. The average annual rainfall is 637 mm. April is the driest month of the year and the maximum rainfall is in May. 19.4 is the hottest month of July with warmth. The average temperature in January is 3.3, which is the lowest average of the year.
Important Places to See in Paris
As one of the most visited cities in the world, more than 30 million tourists come to see Paris’s cuisine and, of course, fashion. Apart from that, Paris is a fascinating destination for tourists, with its historic buildings, especially its galleries and impressive squares. At the beginning of the places you should see in Paris are; Eiffel Tower, Louvre Museum and Basilica of the Sacred Heart.