Serbia / Maps, Geography, Facts

Serbia is a country on the list of places to visit, with its river-based cities, historical sites reflecting its deeply rooted past, nature and nightlife. Belgrade is the largest city and capital of the country. It is located on the plateau where the Danube and Sava rivers join.

Serbia / Maps, Geography, Facts 1
Where is Serbia?

Serbia is located in the central part of the Balkan Peninsula in the South East of Europe. Hungary, Bosnia, and Herzegovina in the west, Macedonia and Kosovo in the south, and Romania and Bulgaria in the east.

Serbia Political Map

political map of serbia
Serbia Political Map

Serbia Key Facts

  • Population: 8,745,298
  • Population Density: 100 per Km2
  • Land Area: 87,460 Km ²


The geographical features in the country are different from the region to the region. In the north-east of the country, fertile plains in the region covering Vojvodina, low hills in Sumadiya, high mountains in the east, middle and west of the country are striking. The country is rich in forest areas.

The forests cover approximately 28,580 square kilometers of the country’s land. The total length of rivers in Serbia is 3,180 km. One of the most important rivers of the country, the Danube River has a length of 589 kilometers.


Serbia is a country ruled by parliamentary democracy. However, the president, who has broad authority especially in foreign policy, is elected by popular vote with two rounds. Serbia’s Progressive Party (Serbia’s Napredna Stranka) President Tomislav Nikolic won 51% of the elections in 2012, becoming Serbia’s new president, beating Boris Tadic, who has been running for two years as president. Along with the election, Nikolic left the presidency as promised.

The parliament, which consists of 250 deputies, is elected by a single round majority system. Naboyşa Stefanovic from the Serbian Progressive Party holds the parliamentary presidency and Ivica Dacic, who is also the Minister of Interior from the Serbian Socialist Party, is in charge of the prime minister’s office.


The terrestrial climate prevails. The winters are cold and hard, and the summers are hot. In mountainous regions, there is heavy snowfall


There are 90,5 percent Christian, 3,5 percent Muslim and 6 percent other beliefs in the country.

Industry and Tourism

Serbia, which has a medium-sized economy, is a developing country.

The country’s economy had serious problems due to the embargoes and sanctions it faced in the wake of the wars in the 1990s; Unlike many countries in Central and Eastern Europe, free-market reforms have only begun in the 2000s. In addition, damage to the industry and infrastructure of NATO bombardment has deepened the structural problems of the economy.

One of the most important problems in the country is about creating jobs. 23.7 percent of the country is unemployed while the targets set in 2011 cannot be reached.

The fact that large publicly owned companies in the sectors such as communications, airlines, etc. are still not privatized, continues to create problems in terms of budget. The country has adopted an export-oriented growth strategy and seeks to use the EU accession process as an attraction for foreign investors.

Serbia is not a mass-tourism destination, but it still has a wide range of tourist products. In 2017, a total of 3 million tourists visited the country, 1.5 million foreigners.


The medieval heritage includes Byzantine art, preserved in the architecture, frescoes, and symbols of many Serbian Orthodox monasteries. In the early modern period, Serbian visual arts began to be influenced by Western art and concluded with the Habsburg Monarchy in the late 18th century. The beginning of modern Serbian art takes place in the 19th century.


Sport plays an important role in Serbian society and the country has a strong sports history. The most popular sports in Serbia are soccer, basketball, tennis, volleyball, water polo and handball.