Where is Turkey?

Turkey is located in the Eastern Europe region at latitude 38.963745 and longitude 35.243322 and is part of the European and Asian continent.

The DMS coordinates for the center of the country are:

  • 38° 57' 49.48'' N
  • 35° 14' 35.96'' E

You can see the location of Turkey on the world map below:

Turkey Neighboring Countries

The neighboring countries of Turkey (TR) are:

  1. Armenia (AM)
  2. Azerbaijan (AZ)
  3. Bulgaria (BG)
  4. Georgia (GE)
  5. Greece (GR)
  6. Iran (Islamic Republic of) (IR)
  7. Iraq (IQ)
  8. Syrian Arab Republic (SY)

Maritime Borders

Turkey borders with the Black Sea, Mediterranean Sea, and the Aegean Sea.

Turkey on the World Map

Turkey Related Content

Turkey Key Facts

CountryTurkey
CoordinatesLatitude: 38.963745
Longitude: 35.243322
Country CodesAlpha 2: TR
Alpha 3: TUR
Country Flag Emoji🇹🇷
Int. Phone Prefix+90
Capital cityAnkara
Continent
Subcontinent
Europe/Asia
Eastern Europe
Country Area783562 sq km
Population 202185,042,736
World Rank: 17
Median Age30.9
Life expectancy76
Major languagesTurkish (official), Kurdish, other minority languages
UTC/GMT TimeNumber of time zones: 1
  • UTC+03:00
Internet TLD.tr
Biggest AirportIstanbul Airport (IST)
Average temperature9.90 °C
49.82 °F
Administrative Divisions81 provinces
Political systemParliamentary democracy

Turkey Economy Facts

World Bank Income GroupUpper middle income
World Bank RegionEurope & Central Asia
CurrencyTurkish Lira (TRY)
GDP in 2020$779.3 (billions of USD)
World Rank: 18
GDP per capita in 2020$8,536
World Rank: 74
Major Industries / Economic SectorsManufacturing, services, agriculture, energy
Top 5 Import CountriesRussia, China, Germany, Italy, United States
Top 5 Export CountriesGermany, United Kingdom, Italy, United States, Iraq

Biggest Cities in Turkey

Here are the largest cities in Turkey based on 2021 population data:

City Population
Istanbul 15,311,000
Bagcilar 556,519
Kucukcekmece 469,431
Kagithane 437,026
Elazig 421,726
Esenler 380,709
Esenyurt 373,017
Manisa 356,702
Van 353,419
Hatay 347,974

Map of Turkey with the Largest Cities

Other Countries in the Eastern Europe Region