Ankara, a province of Turkey, is the capital and second most populous city. Known history dates back at least 10 thousand years to the Old Stone Age. Ankara has hosted many civilizations until today. Hittite, Phrygian, Lydian, Persian, Galatians, Romans, Byzantines, Seljuks, Ottomans and finally the Republic of Turkey has retained control of the provincial territory.
After the announcement of the capital city of Ankara, the city has been developed rapidly and is now the second most populous province of Turkey. During the first years of the Republic of Turkey, half of the economy was based on agriculture and animal husbandry. The soil of the province is still used for agricultural purposes.
When did Ankara Become the Capital?
Ankara has a central place in the Turkish War of Independence. Mustafa Kemal, who came to Ankara on 27 December 1919, chose the city as the center of the resistance movement in Anatolia. The city was geographically located in the middle of Anatolia, it could be reached via railway, the Western Cephas was nearby and the support of the people to the national struggle was complete.
Two days after the official occupation of Istanbul by the English, the Turkish Grand National Assembly was established in Ankara on April 23, 1920, when the Chamber of Deputies, which was in Istanbul on 18 March 1920, officially terminated. Ankara province was the place where the most intense battle of the Turkish-Greek War happened.
In the summer of 1920, the Greek troops advanced to the shores of the Sakarya River to seize the city of Ankara. However, as a result of the Battle of Sakarya between August 23 and September 13, the Greek troops defeated. The tough battle that broke out around Polatlı became the turning point of the Turkish War of Independence.
A few weeks later, with the Ankara Agreement with France, the Turkish-French conflict ended. Turkish War of Independence results that prove its sovereignty over the territory of Turkey, 1922 Peace Conference of Lausanne and the international community has registered national boundaries in the 1923 Treaty of Lausanne and confirm its independence. On October 13, 1923, the Turkish Grand National Assembly declared Ankara, as the capital city.
Features of Ankara
Ankara has a population of 5.04 million as of 2018. The surface area is 25,632 km².
To the south of the province is the second largest lake of the country with 1,300 km² and Salt Lake which is the second most salty lake in the world with a salt rate of 32.4%. In addition, the basin is Turkey’s largest basin.
Ankara has a population of 5.04 million as of 2018. In the central and southern parts, winters are cold and snowy. The summers are hot and dry. In the north, it is warm and rainy. In regions where terrestrial climate dominates, there are significant temperature differences between day and night, summer and winter seasons. The hottest month is July, and the coldest month is January. Ankara is the third city with the most air pollution in Turkey. The surface area is 25,632 km².
Important Places to See in Ankara
Although Ankara was always as a poor city in terms of places to visit, it has many places where you can have fun during a few days’ sightseeing. There are many buildings and museums related to Turkey’s capital city in the Republic’s history, especially many nearby attractions. At the beginning of the places that you should definitely see in Ankara are; Ataturk Mausoleum, Museum of Anatolian Civilizations, Ankara Castle is coming.