It’s the homeland of a top-rated tennis player, its capital city has some of the best nightlife in the world, and the land has been inhabited for at least 8,000 years. Where is Serbia?
Serbia is located in Southeastern and Central Europe.
Serbia Interesting Facts
- The Đerdap Gorge in Serbia is one of the largest in all of Europe.
- Pule, the world’s most expensive cheese, comes from Serbia.
- Serbia is among the largest raspberry producers in the world.
Precise Location Coordinates of Serbia
The DMS (Degrees, Minutes, Seconds) coordinates for the center of Serbia are:
- 44° 0′ 59.48” N
- 21° 0′ 21.09” E
The latitude and longitude of Serbia are:
- Latitude: 44.016521
- Longitude: 21.005859
You can see the location of Serbia on the world map below:
Serbia Neighboring Countries
As a landlocked country in Southeastern Europe, Serbia has quite a few neighbors. It shares foreign borders with eight different countries, though one of the borders is disputed.
Serbia claims the area of Kosovo as its own and therefore claims it borders Albania. Kosovo has claimed independence since 2008.
The neighboring countries of Serbia (RS) are:
- Albania (AL) – if Kosovo is considered part of Serbia.
- Bosnia and Herzegovina (BA)
- Bulgaria (BG)
- Croatia (HR)
- Hungary (HU)
- Montenegro (ME)
- North Macedonia (MK)
- Romania (RO)
- Kosovo (XK)
As a landlocked country, Serbia doesn’t have direct access to any seas or oceans. The largest body of water in Serbia is Vlasina Lake, an artificial lake with a total area of 16 km2 (6.2 sq mi).
Administrative Divisions of Serbia
Serbia can be divided into 24 or 29 districts, and these are the highest administrative divisions in the country. Belgrade, the capital of Serbia, has its own similar status. Five of the 29 districts lie within Kosovo, which has declared its independence from Serbia, though Serbia does not recognize Kosovo’s independence.
The districts of Serbia get their names from geographic and historic regions or geographic features like rivers. Each district is headed by a commissioner, though they are not considered units of self-governance.
The most populous district in Serbia is South Bačka District, and the largest in size is Zlatibor District, with an area of 6,140 km2.
After districts, Serbia is divided into municipalities and cities, which are the smallest units of self-governance. There are 145 municipalities and 29 cities in Serbia, excluding Kosovo.
Geography of Serbia
Excluding Kosovo, Serbia covers an area of 77,474 km² (29,912.9 mi2) at the crossroads of Central and Southeastern Europe. The Danube is often considered to be the northern border of the Balkan countries, which places roughly 75% of Serbia in this territory.
Although Serbia is landlocked and does not directly border any major bodies of water, it has access to the Black Sea through the Danube, and the Adriatic is the closest sea. Belgrade is one of several European capitals that lie along the Danube.
Serbia’s topography varies throughout the country and includes fertile plains, several mountain ranges, major rivers, lakes, and gorges. The Vojvodina region in northern Serbia is dominated by the Danube and Tisa rivers and is home to the country’s fertile plains.
The large central part of Serbia consists mostly of low-lying hills and modest mountain ranges, and the tallest mountains in the country are located in the southeast in the Balkan Mountains. The highest peak in Serbia belongs to Midžor, which stands at 2,169 meters (7,116 ft) above sea level.
History of Serbia
The history of Serbia is complex and spans a vast period of time. It starts with humans inhabiting the area in the Early Stone Age and the many states and peoples that preceded present-day Serbia.
The territory owes part of its complex history to its strategic location along the Danube and between Western Europe and Asia. Belgrade, in particular, has been the focus of many brutal campaigns. It’s been involved in 115 wars and has been destroyed and rebuilt an amazing 44 times.
One of the most prominent early medieval states of Serbia was the principality of Vlastimirovići, founded in the seventh century AD and named after Prince Vlastimir. The principality grew into the Kingdom of Serbia in 1217 and later transformed into the Serbian Empire in 1345. The empire included most of the Balkans.
The reign of the Serbian Empire was short-lived due to the invasion of Ottoman forces from the East. Starting in the late 14th century, there were three centuries of Ottoman occupation and rule in the Balkans, during which there were many uprisings by Serbs attempting to regain independence.
The Serbian Revolution that began towards the beginning of the 19th century marked the start of what would lead to Serbia’s full independence. By the end of World War I, after the defeat of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes was established in 1918. The Kingdom is better known as Yugoslavia, of which Belgrade was the capital.
Serbia gained its current borders as a federal unit within Yugoslavia at the end of World War II in 1945. Yugoslavia dissolved in the early 1990s, and Serbia became an independent nation after forming a union with Montenegro for several years.
In 2008, self-declared representatives of Albanians of Kosovo (the largest ethnic group in Kosovo) declared independence from Serbia. Just over half of UN member countries recognize Kosovo’s independence.
Serbia is not currently a member of the Schengen Area or the European Union, but it applied for accession to the EU in 2009.
Culture and People of Serbia
As per Serbia’s 2022 census, the country’s population is 6,690,887. Serbia is among the top countries with declining populations in Europe, a trend that began in the 1990s. A high level of emigration and low birth rates paired with high death rates are the primary causes of the decline.
Belgrade is the most populous city in the country by a large margin. It is the only city with more than one million residents.
In this section, we’ll learn about the ethnicities, religions, and traditions represented by the Serbian people.
Ethnic Serbs are by far the largest ethnic group in Serbia, representing more than 80% of the population. This figure excludes the population of Kosovo. The two largest ethnic minorities in Serbia are Hungarian and Romani.
There are many other European minorities in Serbia, including Croats, Slovaks, Albanians, Montenegrins, Romanians, and Bulgarians, among others.
The largest non-European ethnic minority in Serbia is Chinese, owing to a recent history of Chinese migrants entering the West via Serbia.
The constitution of Serbia defines the country as a secular state and guarantees religious freedom for its citizens.
The traditional and largest church in the country is the Serbian Orthodox Church, and together with various other Orthodox Christian communities in the country, more than 80% of the population is Orthodox Christian. The Church of Saint Sava in Belgrade is one of the largest Orthodox churches in the world.
Other religious groups in Serbia are Catholics, Muslims, and Protestants. The Jewish population in Serbia consists of less than 100 people, and about 1% of the population identifies as atheists.
The official language and mother tongue of 88% of Serbians in 2011 is Serbian. Notably, it is the only European language to actively use two scripts: Cyrillic and the Latin alphabet. Serbian Cyrillic is designated as the official script in the nation’s constitution, but almost half of Serbians prefer the Latin alphabet according to a 2014 survey.
Serbian is very similar and mutually intelligible with Bosnian and Croatian. Other recognized minority languages in Serbia are Albanian, Hungarian, Slovak, Romanian, Bulgarian, Rusyn, and Macedonian.
Serbian food is typically richer in animal products than in fresh vegetables because of the country’s pastoral customs involving the keeping of livestock. There are also many basic grains in Serbian cuisine, such as corn, wheat, and oats.
Cooking styles from Europe and the Middle East have both influenced the cuisine of Serbia, and it shares many characteristics with the foods of other Balkan countries.
Traditional dishes include sarma — meat rolled in cabbage leaves — and gibanica — an egg and cheese pie.
Serbian art reaches back to the medieval period, where Byzantine art can still be seen in the architecture of the country’s castles and monasteries as well as painted frescos.
The Museum of Contemporary Art and the Zepter Museum, both located in Belgrade, showcase some of the country’s best pieces, and the National Museum of Serbia has one of the largest art collections in the Balkans.
Traditional Serbian folk music makes use of a multitude of instruments, including bagpipes, flutes, horns, and lutes, among others. The traditional folk dance is called kolo, and sung epic poetry is an integral part of traditional Serbian music.
Other music genres in the country include Serbian pop and rock. Serbian artist Marija Šerifović won the 2007 Eurovision Song Contest.
Biggest Cities in Serbia
Here are the largest cities in Serbia based on 2021 data:
Map of Serbia with the Largest Cities
Serbia Economy Facts
|World Bank Income Group||Upper middle income|
|World Bank Region||Europe & Central Asia|
|Currency||Serbian Dinar (RSD)|
|GDP in 2020||$53.3 (billions of USD)|
World Rank: 84
|GDP per capita in 2020||$7,731|
World Rank: 77
|Major Industries / Economic Sectors||Manufacturing, services, agriculture, energy|
|Top 5 Import Countries||Germany, Italy, China, Austria, Hungary|
|Top 5 Export Countries||Germany, Italy, China, Hungary, Austria|
Government and Politics in Serbia
The government of Serbia is a parliamentary republic that includes judicial, legislative, and executive branches. The President of the Republic is the head of state and is elected by popular vote to a maximum of two five-year terms. The Prime Minister is appointed by the President.
Serbia’s first constitution from 1835 was one of the first modern constitutions in Europe and was considered to be among the most progressive and liberal at the time. The country has since had ten new constitutions, the last coming after Serbia’s 2006 split with Montenegro.
Tourist Attractions in Serbia
It might not be the most popular tourist destination in Europe, but that doesn’t mean there aren’t plenty of reasons to visit Serbia. Spas, mountains, and the bustling capital of Belgrade are the biggest tourist draws in Serbia. Read on to learn more about some of the best tourist attractions in Serbia.
Uvac River Canyon
The Uvac River Canyon is one of the most stunning natural locations in Serbia. The deep river canyon winds through a large nature reserve in the southwestern part of the country and is home to endangered plants and animals such as the griffon vulture. There is also an extensive cave system, and guided tours are available.
Church of St. Sava
One of the architectural and cultural highlights of Belgrade, this is one of the largest Eastern Orthodox Churches in the world. It was constructed on the location of St. Sava’s grave and completed in 2004 after almost 70 years of construction.
A visit to the Skull Tower in Serbia’s Niš promises to be unique, informative, and just a little creepy. The tower is a monument built in honor of the sacrifices made during centuries of Ottoman rule and consists of about 60 human skulls.
Transportation and Infrastructure of Serbia
Since it’s a landlocked country in Europe, accessing Serbia is possible by just about every mode of transportation except by boat. The country’s largest airport is Belgrade Nikola Tesla Airport, and Air Serbia is the largest Serbian airline.
Bus routes from all over Europe lead to Belgrade, and trains from nearby capitals lead to the capital city.
Once inside Serbia, getting around the country is most easily done by car rental or bus. There is an extensive bus system that connects the country, and taxis are available in larger cities.
Climate and Weather of Serbia
The Serbian climate varies from north to south. Northern Serbia has a continental climate that consists of cold, dry winters, and warm, humid summers. Southern Serbia features more of a Mediterranean climate with cool, rainy winters and hot, dry summers.
The mountains of Serbia experience heavy snowfall, and June is the month with the greatest amount of rainfall.
Serbia Related Content
Serbia Key Facts
|Country Codes||Alpha 2: RS|
Alpha 3: SRB
|Country Flag Emoji||🇷🇸|
|Int. Phone Prefix||+381|
|Country Area||77,474 sq km|
World Rank: 106
|Major languages||Serbian (official) 88.1%, Hungarian 3.4%, Bosnian 1.9%, Romani 1.4%, other 3.4%, undeclared or unknown 1.8% (2011 est.)|
|UTC/GMT Time||Number of time zones: 1|
|Biggest Airport||Belgrade Nikola Tesla Airport (BEG)|
|Average temperature||10.55 °C|
|Administrative Divisions||2 autonomous provinces 1 city 29 districts|
|Political system||Parliamentary democracy|