Where is Madagascar?

Madagascar is located in the Southern Africa region at latitude -18.766947 and longitude 46.869107 and is part of the African continent.

The DMS coordinates for the center of the country are:

  • 18° 46' 1.01'' S
  • 46° 52' 8.79'' E

You can see the location of Madagascar on the world map below:

Madagascar pointed out on the map by a flag pin.

The country has no neighboring countries/land borders.

Maritime Borders

Madagascar borders with the Indian Ocean.

Madagascar Related Content

Madagascar Key Facts

CoordinatesLatitude: -18.766947
Longitude: 46.869107
Country CodesAlpha 2: MG
Alpha 3: MDG
Country Flag Emoji🇲🇬
Int. Phone Prefix+261
Capital cityAntananarivo
Southern Africa
Country Area587,041 sq km
Population 202128,427,333
World Rank: 51
Median Age19
Life expectancy64.5
Major languagesFrench (official), Malagasy (official), English
UTC/GMT TimeNumber of time zones: 1
  • UTC+03:00
Internet TLD.mg
Biggest AirportIvato International Airport (TNR)
Average temperature22.65 °C
72.77 °F
Administrative Divisions6 provinces
Political systemPresidential representative democratic republic

Madagascar Economy Facts

World Bank Income GroupLow income
World Bank RegionSub-Saharan Africa
CurrencyMalagasy Ariary (MGA)
GDP in 2020$13.2 (billions of USD)
World Rank: 134
GDP per capita in 2020$478
World Rank: 192
Major Industries / Economic SectorsAgriculture, manufacturing, energy, services
Top 5 Import CountriesChina, India, France, United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia
Top 5 Export CountriesChina, India, United States, France, Indonesia

Biggest Cities in Madagascar

Here are the largest cities in Madagascar based on 2021 data:

City Population
Antananarivo 2,610,000
Antsirabe 257,163
Toamasina 225,116
Fianarantsoa 184,184
Mahajanga 154,657
Toliara 115,319
Antsiranana 82,937
Tolanaro 67,284
Antalaha 47,224
Sambava 43,465

Map of Madagascar with the Largest Cities

Other Countries in the Southern Africa Region