Australia is one of the world’s most popular tourist destinations. Australia is a center of attraction for its beaches, culture and kangaroos.
10 Reasons To Visit Australia
1. Great Barrier Reef
The Great Barrier Reef, the world’s largest and most visible living system in the Australian Coral Sea, is a wonderful natural underwater living variety. Diving facilities over world standards, lively diversity with all the colors of the world, and the blue waters make Australia special.
Sydney is world-renowned, Australia’s largest city with its UNESCO World Heritage Opera House and harbor. Outside the Opera House, Sydney is also an enormous city with its enormous bridges, lush green parks, delicious cuisine and surfing opportunities on the shores of the city.
We should give this information that Sydney is not the capital of Australia. The capital city of Australia is Canberra.
There are only a few places in the world that have traces of tens of thousands of years of Aboriginal culture, as well as an impressive desert and accompanying unique flora and fauna.
Furthermore, Uluru (Ayers Rock), which is known as the sacred rock of the Aborigines, formed about 600 million years ago, reveals an extraordinary landscape with different striking shades of red, brown and turquoise according to the daytime sun movements.
Uluru, 450 km from Alice Springs, is located in Kata Tjuta National Park. The park is listed by UNESCO as World Cultural and World Heritage.
Perth is a city with extraordinary beaches, city parks, one of the world’s greatest surfing opportunities, and Australia’s best beer, Little Creatures, which attract tourists. The city with a large population of young people and a lively atmosphere is one of the big cities that must be visited in Australia.
5. Spectacular Beaches
It is unthinkable that a huge country with 50,000 km of coastal urea does not have extraordinary beaches. More popular beaches in eastern Australia are more crowded than deserted beaches in the west.
Furthermore, Cable Beach in Western Australia offers a unique experience of seeing camels on the beach, Whitehaven Beach, which is on the list of the world’s best beaches with its unique sand forms, and Surfers Paradise Beach, which is the paradise for surfers are the most visited beaches of Australia.
The world’s longest beaches can be found here.
6. Green Forests
The Cape Tribulation, met by the Daintree Rainforest and the Great Barrier Reef on the UNESCO World Heritage list, where the rainforest meets the coral sea, is worth going to Australia for the oldest Amazon forest experience.
You can testify to wildlife and trek through the forests where you can see a variety of birds, crocodiles, and cool off in the rivers deep in the 180 million year old forests.
7. West Australia
Outback, a part of Australia’s inner parts and western Australia, is a great all-weather phenomenon. The desert, the shrubs, the shore that stretches for miles to the western shores meet only the fragile lands that go on and on, the animals that are unique to the continent.
This is a quieter geography than Australia’s popular east coast. Furthermore, the second largest national park in Australia is the Karijini National Park.
A unique opportunity to witness the diversity of national parks, plants and biodiversity, with untouched nature, emerald-colored nature, rivers and unique rock formations.
When it comes to surfing, Australia comes to mind. There are thousands of places on the eastern coast of Australia where you can surf. Australia is a complete paradise for both beginners and professional surfers.
You should especially visit The Queensland Region for surfing at favorable waves.
Furthermore, the famous Bells Beach in the town of Torquay, which is the starting point of Great Ocean Road, is an exquisite place to surf in Byron Bay. Even if you do not surf, you will go to Australia to watch the surfers who dance with gigantic waves.
As far as wine is concerned, the first countries to come to mind are France and Italy, but Australia is attracting attention with world-renowned wine regions. Margaret River near Perth, Barossa Valley near Adelaide, and Hunter Valley near Sydney, where the vineyards where Australia’s most famous wines are produced are located.
Shiraz wine is one of the best wines of this country. Furthermore, the Pinot Noir is the kind of wine that you need to taste. You can arrange daily visits to these lush and famous vineyards from the neighboring cities. If you like the wine culture, you should visit Australia.
It’s hard to imagine Australia without a barbecue. Barbecue is an area where all of Australia is an expert, from young to old. In a country with at least three barbecue areas in most parks and public spaces, this is a very serious tradition.
Furthermore, the kangaroo, the symbol of the country, is a good opportunity for those who want to expand the flavor horizon and is an important part of the Australian cuisine.
Travel to Australia: Facts and Planning
Public Holidays in Australia
- Australia Day – It is on January 26 every year.
- Labour Day – Australians celebrate every year to commemorate the Australian labor movement on dates that vary according to the provinces.
- 1st Monday in October in the Australian Capital Territory, New South Wales and South Australia.
- 1st Monday in March in Western Australia.
- 2nd Monday in March in Victoria and Tasmania.
- 1st Monday in May in the Northern Territory and Queensland.
- ANZAC Day – ANZAC Day is the remembrance of the losses Australians suffer from wars on April 25 every year.
- Queen’s Birthday – In all other states and territories except Queensland and Western Australia, the date is the second Monday in June.
- Christmas Day – Christmas Day in Australia is 25 December.
- Boxing Day – Everywhere except South Australia is December 26th.
- Easter – It is determined by the Western Christian agenda each year.
Australian Currency / What is the Currency of Australia?
Australia’s official currency is the Australian dollar.
The Australian dollar (currency code AUD) is Australian currency since 1966. It is also the currency of Christmas Island, Cocos Islands, Norfolk Island and independent Pacific Island countries Kiribati, Nauru and Tuvalu.
Festivals in Australia
There are three major film festivals in Australia. These are;
- Adelaide Film Festival
- Sydney Film Festival
- Tropfest Short Film Festivals
Sydney Mardi Gras is an LGBTI honored march and festival held every year since 1979 in Sydney. Moreover, it is among the biggest festivals in the world in its kind. It is also one of Australia’s top tourist attractions.
In Australia, there are many festivals for the local people of the country to cultivate Aboriginal cultures. These are the Spirit Festival in Adelaide (February), the Indigenous Arts Festival in Melbourne (February), and the Homeground in Sydney (April).
The Australian Open Tennis Tournament
The country’s most important sporting event, is the first of four world Grand Slam tennis tournaments in Melbourne Park in January each year. The tournament, first held in 1905, is chronologically held before other Grand Slam tournaments, Wimbledon, Roland Garros and the US Open. Australian Open is the second highest tennis tournament after the US Open.
Festivals in Melbourne
Melbourne, one of Australia’s most vibrant cities, hosts various events and festivals at different times of the year. During these festivals the city is lively and colorful.
- Melbourne Food and Wine Festival: This festival is Melbourne’s most popular and most delicious event. The festival starts at the end of February every year and lasts for 2 weeks. The chefs from all over Australia are tasting each other with tasty recipes, feasting on both their palates and their eyes.
- Melbourne International Film Festival: The Melbourne Film Festival, which dates back to 1952 and is one of the oldest film festivals in the world, is showing various films every year. Guests from all over the world are giving lectures about successful cinemas and successful business owners. The Melbourne Film Festival is in September.
- Australian Open Water Tournament: The most recognizable and comprehensive of these tournaments are in Melbourne every March.
- Brunswick Music Festival: Music lovers enjoy the festival, which takes place every March.
Festivals in Canberra
- Art, Not Apart Festival: Art, Not Apart is an Australian contemporary art festival in Canberra and allows artists to exhibit their works and connect with the community.
- Canberra Craft Beer & Cider Festival: It is a festival where many brewers and apple winemakers participate.
- Enlighten (March): Enlighten Canberra is an open-air arts and culture festival featuring lighting and projections in Canberra, Australia, performances of local and interstate musicians, food and film events.
- Canberra Balloon Spectacular: Every March, about 50 hot air balloons flies over Canberra in a two-week festival from the front courtyard of the former Parliament Building.
- National Folk Festival: The versatile National Folk Festival, the expression of “Folk-Life”, is the ultimate celebration of all peoples.
- Groovin the Moo: Groovin the Moo is a music festival takes part in six regional centers throughout Australia. The festival is in the autumn, typically every May.
- Canberra International Music Festival: The Canberra International Music Festival is one of Canberra’s most famous festivals.
- Floriade: Floriade is Australia’s biggest spring celebration festival. A festival full of live music, horticultural shows and fun.
- Canberra International Film Festival: It is an annual film festival. In addition to screening feature films and documentaries, there is a wide range of actors, producers, actors and artists involved in the film making process, as well as a series of additional activities such as Q & A sessions, workshops and panel discussions.
Is Australia a Safe Country?
Australia is one of the safest countries in the world. Australia is among the world’s safest 10 countries. The crime rate in Australia is very low. The dangers of Australia are natural hazards and dangerous animals. However, the UV index in Australia is very high and it is necessary to take precaution for protection from the sun.
The most common danger in Australia is the danger of drowning at sea. Drowning occurs each year due to high waves. At the beginning of the dangers in the sea; Sharks, Crocodiles, Box Jellyfish are coming, and with them, there is the possibility that tourists will encounter many dangerous creatures again.
Apart from dangerous marine animals, there are many amphibians, reptiles, and insects that are among the most dangerous in the world. Six of the deadliest snakes in the world are in Australia. Many spiders like the Sydney Funnel Spider or the Red Black Spider are extremely dangerous.
Even plants in Australia can be dangerous. For example, the Gympie bush is often found in Queensland and causes severe pain for up to several weeks when touched.
General Security Information
- With the exception of Melbourne and Sydney, there is almost no pickpocketing risk in Australia.
- There’s almost no cheat in Australia.
- In Australia, public transport and taxis are generally very safe, but driving can be dangerous because of the animals that jump on the road.
- Australia has not recently been targeted by terrorist attacks.
- Australia is very safe for female tourists.
Australian Cuisine / What to Eat in Australia?
If you are planning a trip to Australia and are looking for an answer to what to eat here, here is some information about Australian cuisine.
Barbecue Smelling Streets!
Australia has a very rich cuisine because it is a country that has been emigrated almost everywhere in the world. The rich food culture ranges from Asian cuisine to Mediterranean cuisine. One of the greatest joys of Australians is to make a barbecue, while barbecue smells will come to your nose as you walk around Melbourne streets. In Melbourne, you will see barbecue areas set up in many parks.
Still, it would be unfair to say that Australian cuisine is just meat. In this country, which has a temperate climate throughout the year, fruits and vegetables are always fresh. Besides this, there is a very developed fish culture in the country. In Australia, there are 600 different types of fish that you can taste. Furthermore, it is possible to see fish restaurants on every corner of Melbourne. Also, the great Fish Markets are very common in all of Australia’s provinces.
Australia’s national flavor is very different from the tarts you know. As the name implies, meat is included. The “Meat pie”, which is tart-shaped and covered with small chopped meats and onions, has a very delicate taste.
Red chili is a special kind of carp that is blended with chili pepper, soy sauce, and ginger, then baked in the oven.
The outside is crispy and the inside is a very soft dessert, served with ornamented with fruits. The name comes from the famous Russian ballerina Anna Pavlova.
Taste Trip in Australia
In Melbourne, the Carlton and Lonsdale streets are known as small Italy, where you can find restaurants offering Italian delicacies, you can go to the Chinese market for Asian delicacies, and if you want to eat seafood you must definitely go to Yarra River and the Docklands.
Trip Advice to Places Around Australia
Where to go from Australia, how to get there? Canberra to Sydney, Canberra to Melbourne, Sydney to Melbourne.
Canberra to Sydney
- Private Car: Canberra is 286 kilometers from Sydney by road. It takes about 3 hours. Daily car rentals start at $ 40AUD.
- Bus: With the company Murrays you can travel from Canberra to Sydney by bus. Round-trip ticket prices average $ 80AUD. The journey takes 3.5 hours.
- Train: There is a train journey from Canberra to Sydney. The average price for a train journey that lasts about 4.5 hours is $ 50 AUD. You can check tickets at TransportNSW .
- Flight: It is possible to take a 1-hour flight from Canberra to Sydney. Flying companies: Qantas and Virgin Australia. Round-trip average prices are around $ 300AUD.
Canberra to Melbourne
- Private Car: It is 663 kilometers from Canberra by motorway. It takes about 7 hours. Daily car rentals start at $ 40AUD.
- Bus: With the company Greyhound Australia you can travel from Canberra to Melbourne by bus. Round-trip ticket prices average $ 150 AUD. The journey takes 8 hours.
- Train: There is a train ride from Canberra to Melbourne. But first, you need to take a 1-hour bus journey to Yass Junction station to get on the train. Going from Canberra to Melbourne is not a logical option.
- Flight: It is possible to take a 1-hour flight from Canberra to Melbourne. Flying companies: Qantas, Virgin Australia, and Tigerair Australia. Round-trip average prices are around $ 280AUD.
Sydney to Melbourne
- Private Car: Melbourne is 879 kilometers from Melbourne by road. It takes about 9 hours. Daily car rentals start at $ 55AUD.
- Bus: With the company Greyhound Australia you can travel from Sydney to Melbourne by bus. Round-trip ticket prices average $ 210 AUD. The journey takes 12.5 hours.
- Train: There’s a train ride from Sydney to Melbourne. The average price of a train journey that lasts about 11 hours is $ 160AUD. You can check tickets at TransportNSW.
- Flight: It is possible to fly from Sydney to Melbourne in an hour flight. Flying companies: Qantas, Virgin Australia, Tigerair Australia and Jetstar. Round-trip average prices are around $ 100AUD.
Best Time to Travel Australia
Temperatures in the inner regions are high in summer, while the northern regions are rainy in the summer. Therefore, spring and autumn should be preferred to visit here.
Related: Australian States
In southern regions like Sydney, the climate is suitable for all seasons. The summer months in Australia, which is in the Southern Hemisphere, are December, January, and February.
Weather in Australia
The weather on large Australian lands varies greatly from region to region. The effect of being surrounded by the oceans is visible on the coast, but this effect is not felt inside. Due to the southern hemisphere, the summer season runs from December to February, while the winter season runs from June to August. In general, tropical climate in northern regions, desert climate in inner regions and a milder climate in the south are seen. Although the weather does not change much in the north and in the inner regions, it is possible to live in four seasons in the south.
In northern cities like Darwin, heavy rains are seen from December to April. It is quite warm in Perth’s south-west towns and rarely has precipitation. Winter months are not very cold and the temperature varies between 8-19 ° C on average. The most popular and crowded cities of the country are located in the south-east. The capital city of Canberra has no beaches and the summer is hot. In winter the temperature occasionally falls below zero and it is possible to see snow in the Australian Alps.
In the southernmost city of Melbourne, the weather changes frequently. Although the summer months are hot and arid, in the spring the temperature can change rapidly during the day. And most rain falls again in the spring. Sydney, the largest city in the country, has a more balanced climate. The winter months are cool and rainy, while the summers are hot, humid and rainless.
It is useful to determine the cities you will visit when going to Australia due to this variable weather and prepare for the weather conditions of those cities.
Seasons in Australia
- Spring – September, October and November.
- Summer – December, January and February.
- Autumn – March, April and May.
- Winter – June, July and August.
What is the Official Language of Australia?
Apart from being an official language of Australia, there is a great deal of Australian English speaking in Australia. The distinguishing feature of Australian English from other English is its accents and words. English is spoken by about 81 percent of the population.
The teaching language in Australia is English. However, since Australia is a country of about 200 nations’ immigrants, and every nation has its own language, the number of languages spoken in the country is quite high.
However, the national official language is English in all educational institutions and all means of communication, government and private institutions and organizations.
Few other languages spoken in Australia (the native language of immigrants):
- Vietnamese and Spanish
In addition, Aboriginal natives speak their indigenous language (about 0.25% of Australians).
Is Australian English Easy to Understand?
English in Australia does not differ much from other English-speaking countries such as the United Kingdom, Canada, and the United States, and the grammar and sentence structures used are standard English.
However, some vocabulary and expressions have gained a specific Australian character due to many uses. Some of these may be interesting and surprising for newcomers to Australia.
There are different sources of words and spoken words in spoken language. Some of them are an abbreviation of long words. Most of these are expressions previously used by immigrants from northern England and then adapted as Australian words.