Australian States and Territories

Australia is divided into New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, Western Australia and Northern Territory.

While New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria and Western Australia; are in states status, Northern Territory is in territory status.

In the below map, you can find the Australian State Borders:

australia states map
States and Territories of Australia

New South Wales


The capital city of the state with a surface area of 809,444 km² is Sydney. Population 7.4 million and it is the most populous state of the country. Moreover, population distribution; Australians: 25.0%, English: 24.2%, Irish: 7.4%, Scots: 6.0%, Chinese: 4.3%.

New South Wales Facts

  • Mount Kosciuszko (2,228 m) is the highest point of the state of New South Wales.
  • Furthermore, Sydney is the first British colonial district on the island.
  • Moreover, Wollongong is home to the Nan Tien Temple, the largest Buddhist temple in the southern half.
  • Furthermore, Sydney Fish Market is the world’s third largest fish market.
  • Aboriginal tribes lived in the state for 40,000 to 60,000 years.
  • Also, Sydney’s Chinatown is home to the Chinese Friendship Garden, built in 1988 as a gift to the country in Darling Harbor Region, and is the only traditional Chinese garden outside of China.


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The capital of the province with an area of 1,853,000 km² is Brisbane. The population is approximately 4.7 million. Population distribution; English (28.1%), Australians (27.4%), Irish (8.4%), Scottish (7.3%) and German (4.7%).

󠁡󠁵󠁱󠁬󠁤󠁿Queensland Facts

  • Queensland was honored on behalf of Queen Victoria, who separated from New South Wales on June 6, 1859. Today this date is celebrated as Queensland Day.
  • Moreover, Queensland; is home to 5 of Australia’s World Natural Heritage sites; Wet Tropics, the Riversleigh Fossil Fields, Fraser Island, Scenic Rim National Parks and the world’s Wonder of the Great Barrier Reef.
  • Also, Queensland became the first Australian colony to establish its own parliament.


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Tasmania is an island in the south-east of Australia. It is a province of Australia and the capital is Hobart. The surface area is 68,401 km² and the population is around 520,000.

Tasmania Facts

  • The northernmost point of Tasmania is the Boundary Island, a natural reserve.
  • Furthermore, The highest point in Tasmania is Mount Ossa (1,617 m).
  • Moreover, The unofficial animal of the State is a madman found in the wild state of Tasmania, the only state of the island, Tasmania. Tasmania’s demon is about to be extinct.
  • Also, the first use of anesthesia in the Southern Hemisphere was in Tasmania.
  • Furthermore, Launceston is the first city in Australia to be hydropower-lit and illuminated by its first underground sewer.
  • Tasmania is a haven and habitat for many rare animals and plants.
  • Also, Tasmania has the cleanest air in the world.
  • Moreover, The most famous extinct animal of Tasmania is the Tasmanian Tiger, which was consumed in 1936.


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The city of Melbourne is the capital of Victoria State and has an area of 237,629 km². The population is approximately 6.2 million.

Victoria Facts

  • After Tasmania, Victoria, England, Scotland, which is the smallest province, has the same face size as the neighbor.
  • Furthermore, 36% of the province of Victoria is covered with forests.
  • The Latrobe Valley in Victoria has one of the largest brown coal deposits in the world.
  • Also, There are more than 180 languages and dialects spoken in Victoria.
  • Moreover, Vegemite was invented in Melbourne, a national toast popular in Australia.

Western Australia


It is the largest province of Australia with a surface area of 2.646.000 km² and has a population of 2.6 million. The province’s capital is Perth.

Western Australia Facts

  • It has 12,500 km of shoreline.
  • If Western Australia was a country, it would be the 10th largest country in the world.
  • Furthermore, Western Australia is home to the longest railway line in the world.
  • The Kalgoorlie mine located in the state is the largest gold producer in the world and at the same time, the Argyle mine is the largest diamond producer in the world.
  • Also, King’s Park in Perth is the largest city park in the world.

Australia Facts

Australia is a country in the Southern Hemisphere. It is the only country that covers an entire continent. By some standards, however, Australia is part of the Australia/Oceania continent.

The capital city of Australia is Canberra, and the biggest city of Australia is Sydney.

Australia is a lively, energetic and friendly country. It is a native English-speaking place with a tropical climate, whose living standards are quite high, lower than other countries in terms of cost.

Australia offers education and training for foreign students, internationally recognized and world-class opportunities. Australia hosts thousands of language learners every year in the popular cities of the country (Sydney, Melbourne, etc.). 

Where is Australia
Where is Australia?

Its neighbors are Indonesia, East Timor, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, New Caledonia and New Zealand.


Australia Geogrpahy

Generally, there are high and long strata, fertile plains in the south-east. The actual eruption of the mainland is older than 3 billion years.

Relating to soil, Russia is the 6th largest country after Canada, China, the United States and Brazil. It stretches between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean. It occupies a total area of 8.698.850 square kilometers, including 8.617.930 square kilometers of land and 80.920 square kilometers of water.


Governance of Australia
Governance of Australia

Parliamentary democracy is dominant in Australia. On the federal level, there are two chambers, the House of Representatives and the Senate. In Australia, the head of government is prime minister. The Prime Minister is the leader of the party, which is the most deputy in the House of Representatives. The Australian president is Queen of Great Britain II. Elisabeth is. She has the title of Australian queen. Australia has a governor appointed on behalf of the queen and participates in government ceremonies.


Climate of Australia
Climate of Australia

Australia’s climate varies according to different regions. In Australia, the weather is warmest from May to October, while in July the temperature is the lowest in the country. Temperatures range from -5 degrees to 30 degrees depending on the region. From November to April in Australia there is summer and the average temperature is between 15-35 degrees.


Capital of Australia
Capital of Australia

Australia’s capital city, Canberra, is located in the Australian Capital Territory. It is the eighth most developed city in the country. Between 1913 and 1927, the two rival cities were designed and built as the capital between Sydney and Melbourne.

Architect Walter Burley designed Griffin Canberra, inspired by cities like Washington and Brasilia.


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Population of Australia

Its population is 24,743,471 million. Although it is a big country, we can say that the population is less than these huge borders.


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Religion of Australia

There is no official religion recognized in Australia. Christians constitute 61 percent of the country’s population. 25 percent of Christians are Catholic. In addition, 22 percent of the country’s population is not a member of any religion.

Industry and Tourism

Industry of Australia

Agriculture and livestock are very important in the Australian economy. Australia, the largest producer of wool in the world, meets the need for large quantities of meat, everyday products, grain, fruit, vegetables and sugar.

Australia is rich in energy resources and minerals. It is the world’s largest coal and diamond exporter.

In Australia, chemistry, electronics, food and mining are the leading sectors. Australia, which has a strong interest in education as a sector, also conducts advanced research in the fields of space technology, medicine, computer and engineering.

There is a certain love for nature in this country. Because the natural beauties and biodiversity of this country are very broad. We can call it a paradise. Temperatures are high in the inner regions during summer months.

The northern regions are rainy in the summer. Therefore, you should prefer spring and autumn to visit here. In southern regions like Sydney, the climate is suitable for all seasons.


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Art of Australia

A national sculpture school was not established in Australia, Australian sculptors continued the British tradition. There is very little local design in Australian architecture.

In Australia, where interpreters and composers who pursue European musical traditions have gained fame in various countries around the world since 1870, music education begins in early childhood and middle school.


Sport of Australia

Australians love to play sports. One of the most watched events in the country today is the Australian Rules Based American Football.


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Australia has a very rich cuisine because it is a country that has been emigrated almost everywhere in the world. One of Australia’s greatest pleasures is making barbecue.

In the streets of Melbourne you will have a smell of barbecue in your nose. They have a worldwide reputation for consuming meat. It would be unfair to say that Australian cuisine is just meat.

In this country, which has temperate climate throughout the year, fruits and vegetables are always fresh. Besides this, there is a very developed fish culture in the country. There are 600 different types of fish in Australia.

There are a few restaurants in the country that serve Aboriginal traditional cuisine products.

Australian Currency

What is the Currency of Australia?

Australia’s official currency is the Australian dollar.

The Australian dollar (currency code AUD) is Australian currency since 1966. It is also the currency of Christmas Island, Cocos Islands, Norfolk Island and independent Pacific Island countries Kiribati, Nauru and Tuvalu. It is usually abbreviated with a dollar sign ($). Furthermore, alternative uses of Australian dollars to distinguish from other dollar currencies are A $ or $ A, $ AU, or AU $.

Australian Currency
Australian Currency

Australian dollars are the most traded currencies in the world after American dollars, Euros, British sterling, Japanese yen and Canadian dollars. Represents 4-5% of foreign exchange transactions.

Coins and Banknotes

  • Coins: $2, $1, 50 cent, 20 cent, 10 cent and 5 cent
  • Banknotes: $100, $50, $20, $10 ve $5