Where is Mongolia?

Mongolia is located in the Northeastern Asia region at latitude 46.862496 and longitude 103.846656 and is part of the Asian continent.

The DMS coordinates for the center of the country are:

  • 46° 51' 44.99'' N
  • 103° 50' 47.96'' E

You can see the location of Mongolia on the world map below:

Flag pin pointing out the location of Mongolia on the Asia map

Mongolia Neighboring Countries

The neighboring countries of Mongolia (MN) are:

  1. China (CN)
  2. Russian Federation (RU)

The country has no neighboring countries/land borders.

Mongolia is a landlocked country, which means it does not have direct access to the open ocean.

Mongolia Related Content

Mongolia Key Facts

CoordinatesLatitude: 46.862496
Longitude: 103.846656
Country CodesAlpha 2: MN
Alpha 3: MNG
Country Flag Emoji🇲🇳
Int. Phone Prefix+976
Capital cityUlaanbaatar
Northeastern Asia
Country Area1,564,116 sq km
Population 20213,329,282
World Rank: 131
Median Age26.8
Life expectancy71
Major languagesMongolian 90% (official) (Khalkha dialect is predominant), Turkic, Russian (1999)
UTC/GMT TimeNumber of time zones: 2
  • UTC+07:00 — the provinces of Khovd, Uvs and Bayan-Ölgii
  • UTC+08:00 — most of the country
Internet TLD.mn
Biggest AirportBuyant-Ukhaa International Airport (ULN)
Average temperature15.00 °C
59.00 °F
Administrative Divisions1 capital city 21 provinces
Political systemParliamentary democracy

Mongolia Economy Facts

World Bank Income GroupLower middle income
World Bank RegionEast Asia & Pacific
CurrencyTugrik (MNT)
GDP in 2020$13.3 (billions of USD)
World Rank: 133
GDP per capita in 2020$4,061
World Rank: 115
Major Industries / Economic SectorsAgriculture, manufacturing, energy, services
Top 5 Import CountriesChina, Russia, Japan, South Korea, Germany
Top 5 Export CountriesChina, Russia, United States, Japan, Australia

Biggest Cities in Mongolia

Here are the largest cities in Mongolia based on 2021 data:

City Population
Ulaanbaatar 1,396,288
Moron 134,530
Erdenet 101,260
Darhan 74,738
Darhan 74,738
Choybalsan 38,150
Olgiy 28,496
Ulaangom 26,319
Bayanhongor 26,252
Hovd 26,023

Map of Mongolia with the Largest Cities

Other Countries in the Northeastern Asia Region