Colors and the Meaning of the Tonga Flag
Tonga flag is formed on a red background and a white rectangle with a red cross is located in the upper left.
The red cross represents the country’s belief in Christianity. The white color is a symbol of purity, and the red color also represents the blood of Jesus after being crucified and recalls the Tonga people that their salvation owes to him.
History of the Tonga Flag
Since 1858, the flag of Tongatapu (mainland of the Kingdom of Tonga) had a white background. To the left of the flag were two blue crosses and two red crosses on the right side of the flag. In the middle of the flag, the blue letter M with a red letter A on it. In 1862 the country became Tonga and a new flag was accepted.
The flag designed by Prince Uelingatoni Ngu Tupoumalohi, and Pastor Shirley Baker, had a white background and there was a large red cross in the middle of the flag. The red cross in this flag symbolizes the blood flowing from Jesus Christ when it is crucified.
In 1875, the flag was changed. The new flag had a red background and the previous red cross flag was attached to the upper left of the new flag. All elements and features of the flag were added to the constitution. Another item added to the constitution is that the Tonga flag can never be changed. All elements in the flag symbolize Christianity.
Neighboring Countries of Tonga
Tonga is an island country to the south of the Pacific Ocean and has no neighbors. The closest countries are Niue and Fiji.
Main Characteristics of Tonga
Tonga is an island country consisting of 169 islands and coral islands, which gained independence in 1970. The capital of the country is Nuku’alofa. It is the most eastern part of the world and the first to see the new day. The official language is Tonga. However, they speak English with their own accents. Pa’anga is used as currency.
It has a humid tropical climate. The temperature varies according to the regions. The southern region is dry and some periods are cool. In the north, temperature and humidity are very high. Since it is developed in terms of agriculture, many vegetables and fruits are grown. Coconuts, bananas, kuklas and indian nectarine are widely consumed. Consumption of fish and seafood is also quite high.
|Currency||tongan paʻanga (TOP)|
|Highest Point||1,033 m|
|Total Area||747 km2|