Colors and the Meaning of the Qatar Flag
Qatar flag consists of two colors, white and chestnut. There is a white color covering one third of the flag on the side of the flag and the other sides are in chestnut color. Nine triangles at the junction of white and chestnut color form a recessed area in this section. The Qatar flag is the only national flag that has more than twice the width of its height.
It is stated that the chestnut color on the flag is actually the first starting point in red, but due to the geographic location of the country, the color of the country has turned to this color with the effect of intense sunlight. The white part of the flag represents the peace, while the red chestnut color represents the Kharijite Muslims, whose blood flows in many wars in Qatar. The serrated section states that it was the ninth of the emirates that gained independence in the Arab Gulf in 1916 as a result of the Qatar-British agreement.
History of the Qatar Flag
Until 1860, the flag of Qatar consisted only of red ground. In 1860, the flag of Qatar was changed and a white serrated ribbon was added to the right side of the flag.
Despite some opposition from the Qatar tribes, the Ottoman Empire took control of Qatar in 1871. During this period, Qatar began to use two flags. One of these flags was its own serrated flag. The other flag was the Ottoman Empire flag with a white crescent and a white five-pointed star on a red background. By 1913, the Ottoman Empire had lost control of Qatar, and in 1916 Qatar received military protection from Britain and officially became the British Protectorate. Qatar continued to use the serrated flag during this period, the United Kingdom began to use the flag.
In 1936 the national flag of Qatar was changed. The left side of the flag had a white serrated area and the right side had a purple serrated area. There was a diamond symbol on each side of the white side. In the middle of the purple field was the Arabic QATAR inscription. In 1949, the Qatar name and diamonds were removed from this flag.
After British Invasion
After the British left the region in 1971, Qatar reached its independence. Only a small change in the color of the purple field was made in the flag. Following this independence, Qatar became the ninth member of the Persian Gulf and the number of zigzags on the flag represents this situation. Since the original dimensions of the flag are too disproportionate to a flag, a 3: 5 ratio is used.
Neighboring Countries of Qatar
Bahrain is located to the northwest of Qatar, Saudi Arabia to the west and south, and the United Arab Emirates to the east. The only border is Saudi Arabia.
Main Characteristics of Qatar
Qatar is one of the richest countries in the world with high living standards. It is a country where you can enjoy the sea on its beaches after a safari tour in the deserts. Most of the population lives in the capital Doha. The official language is Arabic. English is also one of the most widely spoken languages in the country. Qatar rial is used as the currency.
The climate is very hot and dry. In summer the temperature can rise to 49 degrees. In winter, the weather cools down slightly. The effects of Middle Eastern cuisine are mostly seen. There are also restaurants serving international cuisine. Seafood is also important in the cuisine of the country.
|Currency||qatari riyal (QAR)|
|Highest Point||Qurayn Abu al Bawl (103 m)|
|Total Area||11,000 km2|