๐Ÿ‡ถ๐Ÿ‡ฆ Qatar Flag Unveiled: Colors, Meaning, Coat of Arms, Flag Map, and Similar Flags

The flag of Qatar embodies the nation’s distinctive character and evolving role in the international community. More than a national emblem, it reflects Qatar’s traditions and ambitious vision for the future and holds deep-rooted meanings that connect with Qatar’s history and aspirations.

Flag of Qatar

Flag of Qatar, with its latest modification from 9 July 1971
Flag of Qatar, with its latest modification from 9 July 1971.

The flag of Qatar presents a distinctive design, featuring a broad white serrated band with nine points along the hoist side, transitioning into a deep maroon field.

This unique serration adds a visually striking element and holds symbolic significance, representing Qatar as the ninth member of the ‘reconciled Emirates‘ in the Persian Gulf following the Qatari-British treaty of 1916.

Flag of Qatar: Color Palette



RGB: 255, 255, 255

CMYK: 0, 0, 0, 0



RGB: 138, 21, 56

CMYK: 0, 85, 59, 46

Qatar Flag Map

The territory outline of Qatar, adorned in the color and symbolism of the national flag
The territory outline of Qatar, adorned in the color and symbolism of the national flag.

Qatar Flag Emoji: ๐Ÿ‡ถ๐Ÿ‡ฆ

The color palette of the Qatar flag is both striking and meaningful, featuring a unique maroon and a contrasting white. This choice of colors not only enhances the flag’s visual appeal but also carries deep-rooted symbolism that will be explored further in the following sections.

Each hue has been carefully considered, reflecting various aspects of Qatar’s cultural and historical narrative.

Meaning of Each Color

Doha qatar 05 10 2019 old market souk waqif decorated with qatar national flagsยฉ Shadow of light/Shutterstock
Flags of Qatar over Old market Souk Waqif in Doha, the capital of Qatar.


The maroon color in the flag of Qatar, officially recognized as Pantone 1955 C, holds deep historical and cultural significance. Historically, this color represents the nation’s past struggles.

The specific shade, “Qatar maroon,” was chosen to distinguish the flag from the red Bahraini flag. The maroon color also has roots in Qatar’s early history, linked to a purple-red dye made from shellfish in the Bronze Age, which turned to maroon over time and sun exposure.

This dye was significant in producing ritual and ceremonial garments for royalty. Additionally, the maroon color reflects the bloodshed during various wars Qatar faced in the late 19th centuryโ€‹โ€‹โ€‹โ€‹.


The white color on the Qatar flag symbolizes purity and truthfulness, reflecting the nation’s commitment to Islamic values. This color also stands as an internationally recognized symbol of peace.

The white and maroon combination on the flag thus represents a blend of Qatar’s cultural values, historical struggles, and peaceful aspirationsโ€‹โ€‹โ€‹โ€‹โ€‹โ€‹.

Coat of Arms of Qatar

The national emblem of Qatar, Symbolizing Qatar's rich heritage and maritime history
The national emblem of Qatar, Symbolizing Qatar’s rich heritage and maritime history.

Qatar’s coat of arms is a vivid emblem of the nation’s history and cultural heritage. It comprises various elements, each symbolizing significant aspects of the Qatari identity:

  • Two Bent Swords: The crossed swords in the emblem represent Qatar’s strength and defensive might. They symbolize the country’s readiness to protect its people and sovereignty.
  • Yellow Circle: Enclosing the central elements, the yellow circle can symbolize continuity and unity, encompassing and protecting the nation’s core values.
  • Traditional Dhow and Island: At the center, a traditional Qatari dhow (sailing vessel) beside an island represents the historical importance of the pearl industry in Qatar’s economic and social development. It also echoes the nation’s maritime heritage and its role in state formation.
  • Two Palm Trees: Aligning with the height of the “dhow,” two palm trees symbolize Arab dignity and Qatarโ€™s generosity. The palms reflect the country’s lush natural resources and the value of giving in Qatari culture.
  • Qatar Flag with Kufi Script: Surrounding the central design is an outline of the Qatar flag, with the country’s name inscribed in traditional Kufi script. This element ties the emblem to national pride and heritage, underlining the importance of historical continuity.

This coat of arms encapsulates Qatar’s rich tapestry of history, tradition, and cultural values, visually narrating the story of a nation that prides itself on its past and looks confidently toward the future.

Historical Evolution and the Meaning Behind Changes

The evolution of Qatar’s flag is a reflection of its historical progression from tribal diversity to unified nationhood. Initially, before 1851, the region that is now Qatar used multiple flags representing various tribes.

This changed in 1851 when Sheikh Jasim bin Thani, aiming to unite these tribes, introduced a unified purple flag, drawing from the region’s historical connection to purple dye made from shellfish.

Qatar historical flag 1860โ€“1916, 1916โ€“1932
Qatar historical flag 1860โ€“1916, 1916โ€“1932: “Reflecting Qatar’s early identity.

As British influence grew in the Persian Gulf, Qatar’s flag began to resemble other Gulf states’ flags, initially adopting a red field. However, unique to Qatar, this red often faded to maroon due to sun exposure, leading to the distinctive maroon color of the modern flag.

A significant redesign occurred in 1949 when the flag was altered to include a serrated edge with nine points, signifying Qatar’s status as the ninth member of the reconciled Emirates after the Qatar-British treaty.

The predecessor to the current flag of Qatar (1949โ€“1971)
The predecessor to the current flag of Qatar (1949โ€“1971).

The last major modification to Qatar’s flag came in 1960 under Sheikh Ali bin Abdullah Al Thani, who removed earlier inscriptions and symbols, retaining only the maroon color and serrated edge.

This final form has remained Qatar’s flag since then, symbolizing its journey from a fragmented tribal region to a distinctive, unified nation-state.

Overall Symbolic Meaning of the Flag

Location of Qatar in the Middle East, marked by a pin of its national flagยฉ GR.Stocks/Shutterstock
Location of Qatar in the Middle East, marked by a pin of its national flag.

In its design and composition, Qatar’s flag symbolizes the nation’s unity, resilience, and distinct regional and global place. The serrated edge, a unique feature, represents the historical treaty that solidified Qatar’s geopolitical standing.

This design element, combined with the overall simplicity of the flag, speaks to a nation that values its historical roots while embracing a unified and progressive future.

Similar Flags to the Flag of Qatar

Exploring the world of flags reveals intriguing similarities and contrasts. Let’s delve into flags resembling Qatar’s, highlighting the subtle nuances and stories they tell.


The flag of Bahrain, similar to Qatar in use of a serrated edge design
The flag of Bahrain, similar to Qatar in use of a serrated edge design.

The flag of Bahrain shares the serrated edge design with Qatar’s flag, a feature that reflects a shared cultural and historical context in the Persian Gulf. However, the Bahraini flag distinguishes itself with only five points on its serrated edge, compared to the nine on Qatar’s flag.

This difference in the number of points is significant as it represents each nation’s unique historical narrative and status within the Gulf region.


The flag of Latvia, sharing a color resemblance with Qatar's flag
The flag of Latvia, sharing a color resemblance with Qatar’s flag.

The similarity between Qatar’s and Latvia’s flags lies primarily in their color scheme, featuring a deep, rich hue. However, the resemblance is largely superficial and coincidental, as Latvia and Qatar have distinct cultural and historical backgrounds.

The deep crimson of Latvia’s flag has its unique significance, rooted in the country’s struggle for independence, which differs from the historical and cultural narratives associated with the maroon color in Qatar’s flag.

Final Thoughts

The flag of Qatar, with its unique design and color, stands out in the global tapestry of national flags, symbolizing the country’s rich heritage and the unity of its people. It serves as a source of national pride, embodying Qatar’s resilience and distinct identity in the international community.