Where is Qatar?

Qatar is located in the Middle East region at latitude 25.354826 and longitude 51.183884 and is part of the Asian continent.

The DMS coordinates for the center of the country are:

  • 25Β° 21' 17.37'' N
  • 51Β° 11' 1.98'' E

You can see the location of Qatar on the world map below:

Pin pointing out the Qatar on a map.

Qatar Neighboring Countries

The neighboring countries of Qatar (QA) are:

  1. Saudi Arabia (SA)

Maritime Borders

Qatar borders with the Persian Gulf.

Qatar Related Content

Qatar Key Facts

CoordinatesLatitude: 25.354826
Longitude: 51.183884
Country CodesAlpha 2: QA
Alpha 3: QAT
Country Flag EmojiπŸ‡ΆπŸ‡¦
Int. Phone Prefix+974
Capital cityDoha
Middle East
Country Area11,586 sq km
Population 20212,930,524
World Rank: 135
Median Age33
Life expectancy79.3
Major languagesArabic (official), English commonly used as a second language
UTC/GMT TimeNumber of time zones: 1
  • UTC+03:00
Internet TLD.qa
Biggest AirportHamad International Airport (DOH)
Average temperature27.15 Β°C
80.87 Β°F
Administrative Divisions8 municipalities
Political systemAbsolute monarchy

Qatar Economy Facts

World Bank Income GroupHigh income
World Bank RegionMiddle East & North Africa
CurrencyQatar Rial (QAR)
GDP in 2020$144.4 (billions of USD)
World Rank: 57
GDP per capita in 2020$50,124
World Rank: 14
Major Industries / Economic SectorsOil and gas, manufacturing, agriculture, energy
Top 5 Import CountriesUnited States, China, Germany, South Korea, Japan
Top 5 Export CountriesUnited Arab Emirates, India, South Korea, China, Japan

Biggest Cities in Qatar

Here are the largest cities in Qatar based on 2021 data:

City Population
Doha 1,186,023
Al Wakrah 87,970

Map of Qatar with the Largest Cities

Other Countries in the Middle East Region

Qatar is officially known as the State of Qatar.

Qatar Political Map

A political map of Qatar, color-coded by region, with major cities and borders with Saudi Arabia and the Persian Gulf marked.
Qatar Political Map

Country Facts about Qatar:

  • Area: 4,489 sq. mi (11,627 sq km). It is approximately the size of Connecticut, the third smallest state in the United States. It is slightly smaller than San Diego, California, the eighth-largest city in the United States. Qatar is only one-quarter the size of the country of Estonia.
  • Population: As of 2019, the population was about 2.7 million people. This is approximately the population of Cincinnati, Ohio in the United States. Only approximately 13 percent of the population are Qatari citizens. Approximately one-fourth of the population are women.
  • Ethnicity: The population is made up of approximately 40 percent Arab, 18 percent Pakistani, 18 percent Indian, 10 percent Iranian, and 14 percent other ethnicities.
  • Industries: crude oil production and refining, fertilizers, cement, petrochemicals, and more.
  • Natural resources: petroleum, natural gas, fish.
  • Capital: Doha with a population of 1 million. The capital is known for its shopping malls, cultural facilities, and amusement parks. Al Zubarah, in the northwest area of Doha, has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 2013.
  • Languages: Arabic is the official language. English is spoken widely and is essentially a de facto second language.
  • Religion: Islam is the official religion with Muslims making up 77.5 percent of the population. They are primarily Sunni. Qatar also has nearly 9 percent Christians and 14 percent making up other religions with Hinduism also being popular.
  • Currency: Qatari Riyal.
  • Government: Qatar is a constitutional emirate with one advisory body. The basis of its legislation is Islamic law. The Emir is the head of state and is assisted by a prime minister. All members of the Advisory Council are appointed by the emir.
  • Population: 99.1 percent urban.
  • Al Jazeera headquarters: Al Jazeera is a popular yet controversial Arabic satellite television network.

Qatar Map with Main Cities

A colored map of Qatar shows main cities and borders with Bahrain and Saudi Arabia, marked with black dots.
State of Qatar

The main cities in Qatar are:

  • Doha: This is the capital and the largest city, with a population of nearly 800,000. It sits on the eastern coast of the country along the Persian Gulf, about halfway between the north and south borders. It is well-known for its beaches and is the location of the Doha International Airport.
  • Al-Rayyan: The second-largest city in Qatar with a population of approximately 455,623. It is situated just slightly southwest of Doha. It is best known for its historical sites.
  • Al Wakrah: The city has a population of a little more than 141,000. It is on the coast of the Persian Gulf and has maintained its small fishing village roots while also boasting modern architecture and is proud of its thriving economy.
  • Al Kohr: With a population of just under 200,000, this city is on the Persian Gulf coast about 31 miles (50 kms) north of Doha. It has some of the most modern buildings in Qatar. The Al Kohr beach is family-friendly with cabanas, barbecues, restrooms, and showers. The indoor, air-conditioned Al Kohr Mall has more than 100 stores and restaurants.
  • Dukhan: This city is about 50 miles (80 kms) west of the capital. It is an industrial city that does not welcome visitors within its city limits, which are gated. Although the surrounding beaches attract some swimmers, there are no overnight accommodations available.
  • Umm Bab: Similar to Dukhan, Umm Bab has an attractive beach. Visitors may sleep overnight in their tents, but there are no overnight accommodations.

Qatar on the World Map

A world map highlighting the country of Qatar with a red dot and a circular zoom-in, accompanied by the flag of Qatar in the upper left corner.
Where is Qatar? This world map shows Qatar in the world.

Qatar on the world map shows it occupies a small peninsula that juts into the Persian Gulf. It is bordered in the southwest by Saudi Arabia and in the southeast by the United Arab Emirates.

The Gulf of Salweh is on the southwest between Qatar and Saudi Arabia.

Map of Qatar and Surrounding Countries

A color-coded map displays the Middle East, including countries like Turkey, Syria, Iraq, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Oman, and Egypt.
Map of Qatar and Surrounding Countries

A Qatar map shows that the country is one of the seven nations that constitute the Arabian Peninsula, which consists of:

  • The Kingdom of Bahrain
  • The State of Kuwait
  • The Sultanate of Oman
  • The State of Qatar
  • The Kingdome of Saudi Arabia
  • United Arab Emirates
  • The Republic of Yemen

The Qatar peninsula is surrounded by the Persian Gulf in the north and the east. The Gulf of Bahrain separates Qatar and Bahrain. It shares maritime borders with Iran, the United Arab Emirates, and Bahrain.

Key Facts About Qatar

Qatar prides itself on its tolerance of other cultures and belief systems. The press is essentially the freest in the region. Its population enjoys a modern life with an emir who strives to enhance civil liberties.

The country has a large expatriate community. The emir states this is because β€œIn Qatar, they find security and a dignified livelihood.”

Key facts about Qatar include:

  • Qataris have a high standard of living with a well-established social services system due to its oil wealth. In fact, Qatar is the richest Arab country.
  • Qatar is a sparsely inhabited, low-lying desert. Its highest point is Abu al-Bawl hill which rises to only about 335 feet (102.11 m).
  • Its topography is mainly that of dunes and salt flats.
  • Qatar is one of the hottest countries in the world, with summer temperatures soaring to as high as 122ΒΊ F (50ΒΊ C). The country is installing air-conditioning even outdoors and painting its roads blue to make its residents and visitors more comfortable.
  • The seasons in Qatar are “a hot season” from April to October, with “a cooler season” from December to February. Some months in between are rated β€œnot so hot” or β€œwarm without excess.”
  • Qatar has been working to improve its highway system to make it easier for people to drive to other cities from Doha and to build bypass roads to relieve traffic congestion in Doha.
  • The country is expanding its highway system preparing for its 2022 hosting of the FIFA Football World Cup. This is the first time the event will be held in an Arab country. 
  • Qatar is a safe country for visitors. It has a very low crime rate in general, and crimes against foreigners are rare. Women in western dress may feel slightly harassed by men staring at them and asking for their phone numbers.