Colors and the Meaning of the Jordan Flag
The Flag of Jordan takes the main lines out of the flag, which is the symbol of the Arab Revolts, which was launched during World War I to get independence from the Ottoman Empire. It consists of three horizontal lines in black at the top, white at the center and green at the bottom, and a red triangle at the left of the flag, linked to them.
The colors of the three vertical stripes on the flag symbolize the Abbasid, the Umayyad, and the Fatimid caliphs respectively. The symbol of the red triangle is the Hashimis and the Arab Revolts. The only difference that separates the flag from the flag, which is the symbol of the Arab Revolts, is the seven-pointed star on the tip of the red triangle. There are two different cases represented by this star. The first is that the first prayer of the Holy Quran is composed of seven lines, and the second is the hope of the unity of the Arab people. As another discourse, this seven-pointed star is thought to represent the seven hills on which each corner is built on the capital Amman.
History of the Jordan Flag
Until 1916, Jordan was part of the Ottoman Empire and the flag of the country was the flag of the Ottoman Empire. Between 1916-1921, the Sharif and Emir of Mecca in Hejaz, Hussein bin Ali, rebelled against the Ottomans and proclaimed the Kingdom in Hejaz. The flag used by Hussein bin Ali was also used as the flag of the Arab uprising. In the same period, his son Hussein bin Abdullah founded Emirate of Transjordan. In the same dates, the same flag was used in the early days of the Kingdom of Iraq and in Hejaz.
On April 16, 1928, on the order of Hussein bin Abdullah, a star was added to the Jordanian Flag and today’s Jordanian Flag is revealed. The length of the Jordanian Flag is twice the width. The flag consists of a red triangle on the left side and three horizontal colors. These colors reflect Jordanian history. Black color wars and enemy attacks, white color tolerance and goodness, green color efficient grasslands, red color reflects the enemy blood. The seven-pointed white star in the red triangle on the Jordanian flag symbolizes Al-Fatiha, which consists of seven verses in the Quran. The star is in the middle of the triangle to express The Unity of the Arab Peoples, the target of the Arab Nationalist Movement.
With the end of the British colony on May 25, 1946, Jordan becomes independent. Flag of Jordan is used under the name Hashemite of the Kingdom of Jordan.
The national anthem of Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan began to be used in 1946.
Neighboring Countries of Jordan
Jordan, an Arab country in the Middle East, borders Syria in the north, Iraq in the northeast, Saudi Arabia in the south and east, Israel and the West Bank in the west.
Main Characteristics of Jordan
Although Jordan may be preferred for seaside holidays, it is also ideal for cultural tours. The ancient city of Petra, which is on the list of the new seven wonders of the world, is located in Jordan. This historic place attracts a lot of attention from tourists. Built on seven hills, Amman is the largest city and capital of the country. The official language is Arabic. The second most spoken language in the country is English. Dinar is used as currency.
The dry desert climate is dominant. In summer the average temperature is 30 degrees, while in winter it is around 13 degrees.
It is similar to Syrian and Lebanese cuisines. In addition to dishes, rice and lavash are consumed.
|Currency||jordanian dinar (JOD)|
|Highest Point||Jabal Umm ad Dami (1,854 m)|
|Total Area||89,342 km2|