🇯🇲 Jamaica Flag Unveiled: Colors, Meaning, Coat of Arms, Flag Map, and Similar Flags

The flag of Jamaica is a compelling fusion of colors and symbols that encapsulate the essence of this Caribbean nation, serving as a visual testament.

The flag of Jamaica intertwines Jamaica’s breathtaking landscapes, deep-rooted ancestry, and forward-looking aspirations into an emblem that resonates deeply with its citizens and garners admiration from observers worldwide.

The Flag of Jamaica

The current Jamaican flag, in use since 1962
The current Jamaican flag, in use since 1962.

The Jamaican flag is striking and symbolic, representing the nation’s character, geography, and values. Unveiled on August 6, 1962, the day Jamaica gained its independence from the United Kingdom, its colors and design tell a tale of the island’s natural beauty and the indomitable spirit of its people.

The design of the Jamaican flag is elegantly simple, consisting of a diagonal cross that divides the flag into four triangles. The top and bottom triangles are green, the left and right are black, and the cross is yellow (or gold).

Jamaica Flag: Color Palette



RGB: 0, 155, 58

CMYK: 100, 0, 63, 39



RGB: 254, 209, 0

CMYK: 0, 18, 100, 0



RGB: 0, 0, 0

CMYK: 0, 0, 0, 100

The borders of Jamaica filled with the colors of the national flag
The borders of Jamaica, filled with the colors of the national flag.

Jamaica Flag Emoji: 🇯🇲

Jamaica’s flag boasts a distinctive and memorable color palette that immediately captures attention. The chosen hues enhance its visual appeal and are imbued with deep significance.

As we delve into each shade, we’ll uncover stories and symbolism that resonate with the essence of Jamaica.

Meaning of Each Color

Locals displaying their pride with handheld Jamaican flags© Rawpixel.com/Shutterstock
Locals displaying their pride with handheld Jamaican flags.


Historically, green has often been linked to the bountiful nature and landscapes. In the context of Jamaica, it is a nod to the verdant hills and lush rainforests that span across the island.

Moreover, green represents hope and prosperity. Culturally, this color has always symbolized the island’s fecundity, celebrating its agricultural richness and promising a fruitful future.


Black carries deep cultural and historical significance for Jamaica. It predominantly symbolizes the strength and resilience of the Jamaican people.

The challenges they have overcome, from the days of slavery to their journey to independence and beyond, are encapsulated in this color. Moreover, black pays homage to the African descent of many of Jamaica’s inhabitants, serving as a reminder of their rich ancestry.

Yellow (Gold)

The golden hue on Jamaica’s flag is reminiscent of the country’s radiant sunshine, which graces the island almost throughout the year. Beyond its natural association, gold denotes the wealth of Jamaica’s natural resources, particularly the bounties hidden beneath its land like minerals.

Additionally, this color reflects the warm spirit and hospitality of the Jamaican people, embodying their passion, warmth, and vibrant energy.

Jamaica’s Coat of Arms

Jamaica’s coat of arms is a detailed emblem that complements the simplicity of its national flag. The design offers a comprehensive visual narration of the nation’s heritage, achievements, and natural wonders.

Historical Jamaican coat of arms, in use from 1906-1957
Historical Jamaican coat of arms, in use from 1906-1957.

The coat of arms features a shield adorned by a red cross with five golden pineapples superimposed on it. The shield is flanked by a male and female Taino native, representing the island’s original inhabitants. The male Taino holds a bow, while the female has a basket of fruits on her head, reflecting the nation’s agricultural past.

A helmet can be observed at the top of the shield, above which sits a crocodile on a log. This particular element of the emblem underscores the island’s biodiversity and its connection to the environment.

The motto “Out of Many, One People” is displayed on a ribbon below the shield, encapsulating the spirit of unity and diversity that defines Jamaica.

The contemporary coat of arms of Jamaica
The contemporary coat of arms of Jamaica.

Historically, Jamaica’s coat of arms predates its national flag, having been granted by the British in 1661. It has undergone slight modifications over the years but has retained its core elements, emphasizing the nation’s ties to its indigenous past and its period of colonization.

While the national flag of Jamaica offers a more abstract representation of the nation’s identity through its color scheme, the coat of arms delves into the specifics, celebrating the island’s legacy, nature, and the harmonious blend of cultures that have shaped it.

Historical Evolution and the Meaning Behind Changes

The journey to Jamaica’s flag’s current design has been intriguing and emblematic of the nation’s evolving identity.

Before Jamaica’s current flag, during its time as a British colony and territory, the island predominantly used the British Blue Ensign. This ensign had the Union Jack in the canton (top left corner) and Jamaica’s colonial badge in the fly.

The push for a distinctive flag commenced as Jamaica’s aspirations for independence grew more assertive. The nation sought an emblem representing its newfound autonomy and encapsulating its unique culture, geography, and history.

The initial proposal for Jamaica's national flag
The initial proposal for Jamaica’s national flag.

In 1961, a competition was held to design a new flag ahead of the anticipated independence. The initial winning design had horizontal bands with three colors: green, gold, and black. However, it closely resembled the Tanganyika flag (now part of Tanzania), leading to a redesign.

The now-famous diagonal cross layout was introduced, still retaining the original colors. This design was officially adopted on August 6, 1962, when Jamaica became independent.

These colors not only echo the nation’s vibrant culture and environment but also resonate with its journey from colonization to independence. The flag’s evolution underscores Jamaica’s transition from a British colony to a sovereign nation, eager to showcase its unique identity and spirit to the world.

Overall Symbolic Meaning of the Flag

Pin marked on Jamaica's geographical location
Pin marked on Jamaica’s geographical location, mirroring the nation’s flag colors.

The Jamaican flag is a visual narrative that speaks volumes about the nation’s individuality. Every element of its design echoes the island’s unique blend of cultural influences, its unwavering resilience through challenges, and its deep bond with the surrounding natural beauty.

It’s more than just an emblem; it’s a story of a nation that has thrived through adversity, celebrated its diverse roots, and looked forward with optimism and unity. The flag reflects Jamaica’s rich heritage and is a beacon for its future, encapsulating its distinct identity in the Caribbean and the world.

Similar Flags to Jamaica

In the vast world of flags, each with its unique design and story, some bear striking resemblances to Jamaica’s emblem. Whether through shared colors, designs, or historical connections, these flags evoke a sense of familiarity.

Let’s delve into a countdown of flags that echo similarities with the Jamaican standard.


Tanzania's flag, resembling color parallels with the Jamaica's flag
Tanzania’s flag, resembling color parallels with the Jamaica’s flag.

Tanzania’s flag elegantly pairs a bright green triangle on the hoist side with a deep blue triangle on the fly side. Separating these triangles is a bold black band with striking yellow borders on both sides, creating an intricate design that symbolizes unity and heritage.

Jamaica and Tanzania both employ a memorable diagonal design in their flags, and they share vibrant colors such as green and black, resonating themes of nature and the spirit of their people.


Burundi's flag, a design echoing some elements of Jamaica's flag
Burundi’s flag, a design echoing some elements of Jamaica’s flag.

Burundi’s flag captivates with a central, stark white cross that meticulously segments the flag into alternating triangles of lush green and vivid red.

At its heart, the flag showcases a white circle containing three interlinked, six-pointed stars, representing unity among the nation’s main ethnic groups.

Both flags emphasize a unique diagonal design intertwined with significant symbolism. The inclusion of green and red in Burundi’s flag draws parallels to Jamaica’s rich palette.


Grenada's flag, sharing hues with the Jamaica's emblem
Grenada’s flag, sharing hues with the Jamaica’s emblem.

Grenada’s banner is a burst of color, presenting radiant yellow triangles at the top and bottom, bordered by green triangles on the lateral sides.

Its design is further accentuated by a centralized red-bordered circle, housing a detailed depiction of a nutmeg, alluding to the island’s ‘Spice of the Caribbean’ moniker. A red rectangle with a symbolic gold star graces the flag’s upper hoist.


The official flag of Scotland
Scotland’s flag, although distinct in colors, shares a similar cross pattern with Jamaica’s design.

Scotland’s flag is steeped in history, displaying a pristine white diagonal cross known as the Saltire or St. Andrew’s Cross. This cross majestically stretches across a deep azure blue field, creating a design that’s both simple and deeply symbolic of Scotland’s heritage and tales of valor.

While Scotland and Jamaica have distinct color palettes, the overarching theme of a diagonal design in both flags strikes a chord of similarity, reflecting a sense of age-old tradition and identity.


With its vibrant colors and distinctive design, the Jamaican flag is a powerful emblem of the nation’s spirit, values, and rich heritage. Each element, carefully chosen, narrates a chapter of Jamaica’s story, from its natural beauty to the resilience and energy of its people.

Jamaica’s standard is uniquely positioned in the grand tapestry of global flags, instantly recognizable and deeply resonant.