Colors and the Meaning of the Burundi Flag
Burundi flag is multiplied by placing white strips on each end corner. The triangles formed as a result of these strips, the upper and lower parts of the red colored, left and right side of the triangles are colored with green. In the middle of the flag, there is a white circle on top of the strips and triangles, three of them are in the upper section and two of them are placed in the lower section.
The red color in the flag symbolizes those who lost their lives in the struggle for independence, while the green color represents progress and hope and the white color represents peace. Three six-pointed stars in the flag represent the trilogy of Union, Work, Progress (Unité Travail Progrès), as well as the Hutu, Tutsi and Tvalar, three ethnic groups living in the country.
History of the Burundi Flag
The first flag of the Kingdom of Burundi is thought to have been adopted in the 16th century, but it looks like a modern flag, but it has a traditional African drum at the center called Karyenda. When the region covering Burundi became a German colony in 1891, the flag of German East Africa began to fluctuate in the region. The flag was divided into four rectangles with a black cross. Three of the rectangles were white and one was red.
There were five white stars in the red rectangle. The Belgian armies occupied Rwanda and Burundi by taking the Germans away from the region in a period when World War I continued. With the end of World War I, the Kingdom of Burundi and the Kingdom of Rwanda, under the name of Rwanda-Urundi, were all connected to Belgium as a mandate of the League of Nations. During this period, the Belgian flag, consisting of three black-yellow-red vertical strips, was flown on the territory of Burundi.
In 1961 Burundi became an independent country and was adopted a red-white-green vertical three-color flag with golden drum in the center as the national flag. A year later, the flag design was transformed into the design of today’s flag. In the middle of the flag, there was a sorghum plant on the white disc. This flag design was used until 1966. As of this date, the icons in the white disk has changed several times and the flag became its current state in 1967.
Neighboring Countries of Burundi
It is located in Central Africa. It is neighbor to Tanzania, Rwanda, Democratic Republic of Congo.
Main Characteristics of Burundi
Burundi is a small country with high highlands in the Great Lakes. Its capital is Bujumbura, where the majority of the population lives. Kirundi is the official language of the country. It is also called Rundi.
The country has a tropical climate in general. The average temperature varies by region. There are rainy seasons between September-November and February-May. The cuisine is inspired by the food culture of France. The national dishes of Burundi, shish kebab and grilled bananas, fish and vegetable fruits are also delicious.
|Currency||burundian franc (BIF)|
|Highest point||south east of Mount Heha (2,684 m)|
|Total area||27,834 km2|