What is the Capital of Ukraine? Kiev is the capital and largest city of Ukraine. The name of Kiev is based on the fifth-century medieval legend. The Kiev spelling line of the ancient Ukrainian can be brought back about 1000 years and the historical use in English is documented by books and maps until the 18th century.
The city of Kiev has gone through various periods throughout history. The architecture extends from Baroque to Post Modern. However, the city of Kiev is not well known all over the world. The city of Kiev is located around the Dnieper River. As in history, all important and developing cities are formed around rivers. Trade and water also played an important role in the formation of Kiev City.
When did Kiev Become the Capital?
In 1240, the importance of Kiev, which was invaded by the Mongol, began to decrease. After that, the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, Polish-Lithuanian Union and Grand Duchy of Moscow, and then the Russian Empire is dominated by. Although it was ruled by Catholic Poland and the Atheist Soviet Union from time to time, the city, which has maintained its Christian identity since 988, is still a very important traditional center of Orthodox Christianity.
The city starts to come to the fore again with the Russian industrial revolution at the end of the 19th century. After 1921, the city became part of the Soviet Union, and after 1934 it became the capital of Soviet Ukraine.
Although the city was rebuilt and almost completely destroyed during World War II, it quickly recovered in the post-war period and became the third important city of the Soviet Union. It was the capital of independent Ukraine since the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991.
Features of Kiev
Kiev has a population of 2.88 million as of 2017. The surface area is 839 km².
Kiev has a moderate continental climate characterized by hot summers and cold winters, as well as short but pleasant spring and autumn. June, July, and August are the hottest months. December, January, and February are usually the coldest days. The average temperature is approximately -6, temperatures are known to fall down to -33 degrees with the north winds. In summer, thermometers in Kiev usually show more than 30.
Although Ukrainian is the official language, Russian is widely used. In Kiev and in the east of Ukraine, mainly Russian is spoken.
Important Places to See in Kiev
Kiev is a small city in general. Most of the points on the list of places to visit in Kiev are located within walking distance. Places to visit in Kiev; Maidan Nezalezhnosti, Kyiv Monastery of the Caves and Saint Sophia Cathedral.