Qatar is officially known as the State of Qatar.
Qatar Political Map
Country Facts about Qatar:
- Area: 4,489 sq. mi (11,627 sq km). It is approximately the size of Connecticut, the third smallest state in the United States. It is slightly smaller than San Diego, California, the eighth-largest city in the United States. Qatar is only one-quarter the size of the country of Estonia.
- Population: As of 2019, the population was about 2.7 million people. This is approximately the population of Cincinnati, Ohio in the United States. Only approximately 13 percent of the population are Qatari citizens. Approximately one-fourth of the population are women.
- Ethnicity: The population is made up of approximately 40 percent Arab, 18 percent Pakistani, 18 percent Indian, 10 percent Iranian, and 14 percent other ethnicities.
- Industries: crude oil production and refining, fertilizers, cement, petrochemicals, and more.
- Natural resources: petroleum, natural gas, fish.
- Capital: Doha with a population of 1 million. The capital is known for its shopping malls, cultural facilities, and amusement parks. Al Zubarah, in the northwest area of Doha, has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 2013.
- Languages: Arabic is the official language. English is spoken widely and is essentially a de facto second language.
- Religion: Islam is the official religion with Muslims making up 77.5 percent of the population. They are primarily Sunni. Qatar also has nearly 9 percent Christians and 14 percent making up other religions with Hinduism also being popular.
- Currency: Qatari Riyal.
- Government: Qatar is a constitutional emirate with one advisory body. The basis of its legislation is Islamic law. The Emir is the head of state and is assisted by a prime minister. All members of the Advisory Council are appointed by the emir.
- Population: 99.1 percent urban.
- Al Jazeera headquarters: Al Jazeera is a popular yet controversial Arabic satellite television network.
Qatar Map with Main Cities
The main cities in Qatar are:
- Doha: This is the capital and the largest city, with a population of nearly 800,000. It sits on the eastern coast of the country along the Persian Gulf, about halfway between the north and south borders. It is well-known for its beaches and is the location of the Doha International Airport.
- Al-Rayyan: The second-largest city in Qatar with a population of approximately 455,623. It is situated just slightly southwest of Doha. It is best known for its historical sites.
- Al Wakrah: The city has a population of a little more than 141,000. It is on the coast of the Persian Gulf and has maintained its small fishing village roots while also boasting modern architecture and is proud of its thriving economy.
- Al Kohr: With a population of just under 200,000, this city is on the Persian Gulf coast about 31 miles (50 kms) north of Doha. It has some of the most modern buildings in Qatar. The Al Kohr beach is family-friendly with cabanas, barbecues, restrooms, and showers. The indoor, air-conditioned Al Kohr Mall has more than 100 stores and restaurants.
- Dukhan: This city is about 50 miles (80 kms) west of the capital. It is an industrial city that does not welcome visitors within its city limits, which are gated. Although the surrounding beaches attract some swimmers, there are no overnight accommodations available.
- Umm Bab: Similar to Dukhan, Umm Bab has an attractive beach. Visitors may sleep overnight in their tents, but there are no overnight accommodations.
Qatar on the World Map
Qatar on the world map shows it occupies a small peninsula that juts into the Persian Gulf. It is bordered in the southwest by Saudi Arabia and in the southeast by the United Arab Emirates.
The Gulf of Salweh is on the southwest between Qatar and Saudi Arabia.
Map of Qatar and Surrounding Countries
A Qatar map shows that the country is one of the seven nations that make up the Arabian Peninsula, which consists of:
- The Kingdom of Bahrain
- The State of Kuwait
- The Sultanate of Oman
- The State of Qatar
- The Kingdome of Saudi Arabia
- United Arab Emirates
- The Republic of Yemen
The Qatar peninsula is surrounded by the Persian Gulf in the north and the east. The Gulf of Bahrain separates Qatar and Bahrain. It shares maritime borders with Iran, the United Arab Emirates, and Bahrain.
Key Facts About Qatar
Qatar prides itself on its tolerance of other cultures and belief systems. The press is essentially the freest in the region. Its population enjoys a modern life with an emir who strives to enhance civil liberties.
The country has a large expatriate community. The emir states this is because “In Qatar, they find security and a dignified livelihood.”
Key facts about Qatar include:
- Qataris have a high standard of living with a well-established social services system due to its oil wealth. In fact, Qatar is the richest Arab country.
- Qatar is a sparsely inhabited, low-lying desert. Its highest point is Abu al-Bawl hill which rises to only about 335 feet (102.11 m).
- Its topography is mainly that of dunes and salt flats.
- Qatar is one of the hottest countries in the world, with summer temperatures soaring to as high as 122º F (50º C). The country is installing air-conditioning even outdoors and painting its roads blue to make its residents and visitors more comfortable.
- The seasons in Qatar are “a hot season” from April to October, with “a cooler season” from December to February. Some months in between are rated “not so hot” or “warm without excess.”
- Qatar has been working to improve its highway system to make it easier for people to drive to other cities from Doha and to build bypass roads to relieve traffic congestion in Doha.
- The country is expanding its highway system preparing for its 2022 hosting of the FIFA Football World Cup. This is the first time the event will be held in an Arab country.
- Qatar is a safe country for visitors. It has a very low crime rate in general, and crimes against foreigners are rare. Women in western dress may feel slightly harassed by men staring at them and asking for their phone numbers.