Colors and the Meaning of the Singapore Flag
The Singapore flag consists of two horizontal stripes. The top stripe is red, the bottom is white, and there is a white crescent placed in the red stripe at the top left side of the flag and five five-pointed white stars arranged in a circle.
The red color represents the universal brotherhood and equality of the people, while the white color represents purity and virtue. The crescent moon represents a young nation of Singapore, with its ideals, and the five stars represent the country’s ideals of democracy, peace, progress, justice, and equality.
History of the Singapore Flag
Singapore was known for this trade because of long-term commercial trips to the far east. Since 1918, Singapore has become an international port along with being the haunt of sailing merchant ships.
In the first half of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, Singapore had no specific flag and was a British colony. The flag of England rose above its territory. The flag was blue and the top of the flag had a red prism in the white circle, as well as the UK Flag. There were three white stripes inside the Prism, and each had a crown symbolizing the British colonies to the southeast of Asia.
Between 1939 and 1945, during the Second World War, Singapore was under Japanese occupation, and this time Japan Flag was used in Singapore. Although on June 3, 1959, Singapore was under the auspices of the United Kingdom, it gained its independence and merged with Malaysia. In October 1959, it was decided to establish a committee to change the flag used by Britain and convert it to a national flag. This flag would represent the communities in Singapore and symbolize the unification under one roof.
The flag by the committee was completed in two months. The flag was red, but the Council of Ministers of Singapore opposed it because it symbolized communism. However, at the insistence of the general society, the red color is accepted as the world brotherhood and equality. In December 1959, the Singapore Flag was changed. The new flag is horizontally divided into red and white colors. There is a white crescent on the left side and there are five white stars around. The five-star symbolizes democracy, peace, freedom, justice, and equality.
In 1959, “Onward Singapore”, whose lyrics belong to Zubir Said, is considered as the national anthem.
In 1965, Singapore left the Malaysian Union and took the name Republic of Singapore. After achieving complete independence in August 1965, the former state flag of Singapore is considered the national flag.
Neighboring Countries of Singapore
Singapore, an island state located at the southern end of the Malay Peninsula, 137 kilometers north of the equator, is neighbor in the north with the Johor Province of Malaysia, and in the south with Indonesia’s Riau Islands.
Main Characteristics of Singapore
Singapore consists of approximately 60 islets. It attracts tourists by its natural beauties, night safaris, activities, and shopping centers. There are many order rules in the country. It is one of the few city-states in the world. There are four official languages: English, Malay, Mandarin, and Tamil. Singapore dollars are used as currency.
A tropical climate prevails. Temperature and humidity are high and rainfall is high. Due to the fact that it is located just north of the equator, the air temperature is increasing especially in the summer months. There is much rainfall in November-March.
It has a rich kitchen. Singapore cuisine ranges from Indian to Chinese. There are a number of food types and restaurants and a culinary culture that caters to every taste. Beef flavored with sesame sauce, Bulgogi is one of the most important dishes of the country.
|Currency||singapore dollar (SGD)|
|Highest Point||Bukit Timah (166 m)|
|Total Area||683 km2|