Colors and the Meaning of the Indonesia Flag
The structure and shape of the flag are quite simple and consists of two equal sized strips, red on top and white on the bottom. It is quite similar to the Singapore and Polish flags, and is identical in form to the Monaco flag, except for its proportion. According to the Indonesian tradition, the colors in the flag are red; it symbolizes spirituality and white. The Indonesian community calls their flags Merah Putih, Red-White.
History of the Indonesia Flag
The flag of Indonesia comes from the flag of the Majapahit Empire, which was founded in the 13th century. The flag was first publicized and celebrated on 17 August 1945 at Indonesian Independence Day celebrations. Since then, no changes have been made to the design of the flag.
The flag of Indonesia was adopted on 17 August 1945. The first Indonesian flag was seen by the Japanese occupation forces on the day of the country’s independence. However, until December 27, 1949, the Dutch colonialists did not accept Indonesia’s independence. In 1922, the Indonesian flag was used by activists seeking independence from the Dutch colony. In 1928, it was reintroduced by nationalists to represent the Indonesian independence campaign on the island of Java. The Indonesian flag is based on a symbol believed to be used by the Majapahit Empire in the late 13th century. The national flag of Indonesia is called Saka Merah Putih Sang.
Neighboring Countries of Indonesia
Indonesia is a country in Southeast Asia, consisting of the archipelago between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean. The country on the equator line consists of 17 thousand 508 islands. It neighbors to Malaysia in the north, East Timor and Papua New Guinea in the east and Australia in the south. Other neighboring countries are Singapore, Philippines, Andaman and Nicobar.
Main Characteristics of Indonesia
The Republic of Indonesia, officially, is the largest archipelago country in the world. It attracts tourists with its magnificent beaches and different ethnic origins. Its capital is Jakarta, one of the most populous cities. Cava Island is the most populated island. Indonesian is the official language. In addition, 250 different dialects are used by the public. Currency is Indonesian rupiah.
Monsoon and tropical climate prevail. There are two seasons in the country, including the dry season from April to October and the rainy season from November to March. The average temperature throughout the year is high. The basis of Indonesian cuisine is rice, meat and seafood. As it is home to many different ethnic groups, food culture also varies across the country.
|Currency||indonesian rupiah (IDR)|
|Highest Point||Mount Carstensz (Puncak Jaya) (4,884 m)|
|Total Area||1,904,570 km2|