Colombia Flag Map and Meaning

Colors and the Meaning of the Colombia Flag

The Flag of Colombia consists of three yellow, red and blue stripes.

The horizontal yellow color covers the upper half of the flag.

The lower half of the flag is composed of two equal stripes, and the colors are red and blue.

Since there is no official explanation for the meaning of the colors of the Colombian flag, there are many explanations about colors.

The meanings of the Flag of Colombia:

  • The yellow color represents sovereignty and equality;
  • the blue represents nobility, loyalty and alertness;
  • the redness stands for independence, dignity, generosity, and the lost people;

One of the other meanings:

  • Yellow represents the rich underground mineral resources there;
  • the blue color represents the ocean;
  • the red represents the blood spilled in the struggle for independence.

Colombia Flag Map
Colombia Flag Map

History of the Colombia Flag

Francisco de Miranda is the creator of the yellow-blue-red flag used by Ecuador and Venezuela. There were at least two inspirations for Miranda’s flag. In a letter, Miranda described Count Simon Romanovich Woronzoff, and the philosopher Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, a night conversation with Goethe at a party in Weimar in the winter of 1785.

Goethe said to Miranda, fascinated by Europe and America travels and fascinated by the heroism of the United States Revolutionary War:

Your destiny is to create in your land a place where primary colors are not distorted.


Miranda designed the flag according to this speech.

After Miranda designed this flag, Lazzaro Tavarone said Christopher Columbus used a flag with similar colors on his fourth trip.

Another inspiration for Miranda came from Germany. Miranda wrote in her diary that she found another source of inspiration. This inspiration was the yellow, blue and red of Hamburg’s Bürgerwache, which he saw during his travels in Germany.

An army plan was made by Miranda in 1801 to save Spanish America. Unsuccessful against the British army, Miranda asked for three flags for the three regions, red, yellow and blue.

However, the first flag did not appear until March 12, 1806, when Jacmel, Haiti, wandered off to Venezuela.

The national flag of Colombia was adopted on July 20, 1810, when Colombia gained its independence from Spain.

Neighboring Countries of Colombia

Neighboring Countries of Colombia
Neighboring Countries of Colombia

Colombia, an independent, unitary and constitutional republic in South America, is neighbor to Panama in the northwest, the Caribbean Sea in the north, Venezuela and Brazil in the east, Ecuador and Peru in the south, and the Pacific Ocean in the west.

Facts About Colombia

  • With its nature, coffee, dance styles, Colombia is a popular tourist destination.
  • Colombia is the third most populous country in South America.
  • It is also the second-largest coffee producer in the world.
  • Although the name of the country is Christopher Columbus’s country, Columbus never set foot on the land of the country.
  • The capital Bogotá is the third capital of the world with the highest altitude.
  • The official language is Spanish.
  • There are 50 million native Spanish speakers, which makes it the second-largest Spanish-speaking country (after Mexico).
  • There are other languages which ethnic groups speak among themselves.
  • Colombia’s pesos is used as currency.

Colombia Weather: The climate shows the tropical property. There are differences according to regions. The coastal areas and valleys have a tropical climate, while a mild climate is observed in the inner parts.

Food in Colombia: The food culture varies according to the region. The importance of meat is great. They use plenty of spices in their meals. Sea products are also very consumed foods.

CodeCO (COL)
Calling code57
Capital cityBogotá
Currencycolombian peso (COP)
Emoji symbol🇨🇴
Highest pointPico Cristóbal Colón (5,700 m)
Total area1,138,910 km2