Bogota is the largest city and the capital of Colombia. It is one of the three highest altitude cities in South America. The city is generally divided into North and South. The northern part of the city is richer than the southern part.
Despite its equatorial height, Bogota has never been overwhelmed by an altitude of 2,640 meters, reflecting a blend of modern architecture and Spanish colonization architecture.
When did Bogota Become the Capital?
Bogota was founded in 1538 by Gonzalo Jimenez de Quesada. The name of the city comes from Bacata, a resident of the Muisca Indians. Bogota was originally founded twice. For the first time, on August 6, 1538, the second and official organization on April 27, 1539. It took place when Quesada and Sebastián de Belalcázar and Nikolaus Feder Mann complied with the terms of the Spanish Throne by establishing a mayor and council, defining streets and defining mayors and defining Plaza Mayor. Where Bogota was founded in 1538 is now the Plaza de Bolivar Primada Cathedral.
In 1717 Bogota became the capital of the Spanish colony of New Granada and even remained the capital of the country after independence from Spain. It was not immediately clear that Bogota would be the capital of Colombia because of its distance from the sea. Plateu was home to the native Indian Muisca, a community of farmers, and turned into abundant colonial labor. This economic advantage was the capital of the country. The colonial city can still be found in the Candelaria region.
The city is considered not only the capital of Colombia, but also part of the Cundinamarca section, although it is not formally part of it. Cundinamarca is the only section whose capital is defined by the national constitution. This means that the repositioning of capital requires a constitutional amendment, not a simple decision of the Main Assembly.
Feature of Bogota
As of 2018, Bogota has a population of 10.35 million. The surface area is 4,251 square kilometers. Bogota’s climate is classified as temperate ocean. The average annual temperature is 14.5 ° C. The driest months are December, January, July and August. March is the hottest month. The wettest months are April, May, September, October and November.
There are over 1,600 rivers in the vast geography of Colombia. Constant rainfall is also a factor in the number of rivers. Its land is rich in both underground resources and agricultural products. The most important underground wealth is the Emerald. In terms of emerald production and export in the world as the first. Colombia, which has a considerable wealth in terms of oil, natural gas, coal, iron, nickel, gold and copper, is the country that sells the most coal to America. Of course, the first place in agricultural products is Colombia Coffee.
The first thing to say for Bogota is a city to be careful. Because the city has a bad reputation in terms of security, it is a city where police and soldiers and body demonstrations are held everywhere. However, Colombia is the country with the highest level of education in Latin America. There are 360 universities in Colombia and 72 of them are located in Bogota.
Important Places to See in Bogota
The city of Bogota is not a city that offers too many alternatives to be spent in tourist attractions for a long time. The city is also a bit of a scare for tourists who have trouble in terms of security. Places to visit in Bogota are Colonial Quarter, Plaza De Bolivar and Museo Botero.