Scandinavian Countries / Which Countries are Scandinavian?

The Scandinavian region is in the north of the European continent. The countries in this region have the name of Scandinavian countries. It is neighbor with The Norwegian Sea in the west, the Arctic Ocean in the north.

Furthermore, its neighbors are the Gulf of Bothnia between eastern Sweden and Finland, and the North Sea in the southwest. Skagerrak and Kattegat straits separate the Danish and the Scandinavian Peninsula from each other. Baltic Sea is in the southernmost.

Thousands of small islands and fjords cover the northern waters of the Norwegian Sea. The Scandinavian mountains, rise from the shore to the Gulf of Bothnia with a lighter slope to the west, split with numerous rivers, and a shoreline stretches along the shore. The widening plains in southern Sweden are partly divided into lakes. There are glaciers from the mountains of the ice age.

The Scandinavian Countries Map is as below. As you can see on the map, the countries are in the northernmost part of the world. The common feature of these countries is that the summer is cool and short due to its high latitudes, but the daytime period is very long.

Scandinavia map
Map of Scandinavia

Sweden, Norway, and Denmark are the Scandinavian territory states. The people of these countries are connected to the same roots and speak languages about the Scandinavian subspecies of the Germanic minor.

Scandinavia, which constitutes only a linguistic and ethnically whole, does not cover Finland; because this country, which presents similarities both geographically and economically, differs in terms of population composition.

Today, three independent states, Sweden, Norway, and Denmark, have been linked to each other for centuries through bilateral unions (Denmark-Norway, Sweden-Norway) and even triple unions (Kalmar Union).

Scandinavian Countries List

Scandinavian Countries / Which Countries are Scandinavian? 1

Which countries belong to Scandinavia? There are 3 Scandinavian countries: Norway, Sweden, and Denmark.

According to some sources Finland is represented as the Scandinavian country, but Finland, Iceland, Faroe Islands, Aland Islands, and Greenland compose together the Nordic countries.

So, these countries are not Scandinavian countries. Norway, Sweden, and Denmark are Scandinavian countries in Northern Europe.

Norway, Sweden, and Denmark are the Scandinavian countries names accepted by all sources. While some sources consider Norway, Sweden, Denmark, and Finland as Scandinavian countries, some sources consider Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Finland, and Iceland as Scandinavian countries.

Best Scandinavian Country

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Scandinavian countries Norway, Sweden and Denmark are the countries with the highest welfare level in the world. They are also the happiest countries in the world at the same time.

World Happiness Report, published each year since 2012, lists the happiest countries in the world. The results of the analysis of the data generated by the questionnaires made with 1000 people from each country did not come out much differently in 2018 than in the past years.

The high level of happiness considers such factors as high per-capita income, the availability of social support, the long expectation of well-being, the protection of personal freedoms, the increase in charity and the absence of corruption.

As a result of these surveys, the Scandinavian countries are at the top of the list this year. Here is the Scandinavian countries in the top rankings of happiness according to the survey data;


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Could it be the reason of their happiness that Switzerland is at the top of the list of countries that consume chocolate the most? The research says it’s possible. Of course, this is not the only reason for Switzerland’s happiness.

Despite being the most expensive country in the world, the purchasing power of the Swiss is also high and the quality of life in the country is excellent. In Switzerland, which has the healthiest population of the world, everything you eat and drink is quite natural. No wonder that healthy, rich, fit and educated Swiss people are happy.


Scandinavian Countries / Which Countries are Scandinavian? 4

Denmark, which has been in the first place for many years but has been leading the way to Norway this year, is a country that you must be there to understand the level of happiness.

Still, to comment, we can link the happiness of the Danish to the social state of the country. The social state guarantees that people are good, while the Danish people find simple ways of enjoying their happiness. They spend a lot of time with family and friends, and they make out the taste of these moments.


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In the happiest countries of the world, the first place is Norway this year. This rapid rise in Norway, which ranks 4th in the past year, is due to the constant increase in the welfare of the country due to oil. But of course, the reason is not just money.

Norwegians are one of the countries where liberty has reached its peak. At the same time, they have the most beautiful nature of the world. Moreover, natural beauties are always open for everyone’s use. Living with nature is another important reason for the happiness of Norwegians.

The per-capita national income is very high in these countries where there are not many rich mining deposits other than iron and some minerals and oil extracted from the North Sea. People have good living conditions, high standards of life and long lives.

The main reasons for this are; In addition to the scarcity of people, people have to be well educated and use modern technology in every field. A considerable part of the fish that are caught abundantly from the seas is exported. The mining industry is advanced. Norway is well-known for its unique steel products and its engines and vehicles. Tourism activities have also been improving in recent years.

The western coast of the Scandinavian peninsula is relatively warm due to the influence of the Gulf Stream hot water stream in winter. The interior is very cold; lakes and streams freeze.

Scandinavian Countries Flags

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The flags of Scandinavian countries are similar, and many people are curious about it. Why are the flags of the Scandinavian countries similar?

The whole story begins with a book published in the 1400s. The Danish Flag Dannebrog is depicted for the first time in the Gere Armorial book. This picture is the first known drawing of any Scandinavian flag. A second Danish flag dated 1514 is available. It is seen that the Nordic Cross theme dates to these days as the Christianity spreading in Scandinavia is being influenced by the flags. Up to this date, crosses in the form of Greek Cross will become Nordic Cross in the following periods.

In 1397, under the Danish rule, a monarchical administration was established under the name of Norway, Sweden, Finland, Iceland and Greenland Kalmar Union. The flag is in the form of a Nordic Cross. Today, the Viking grandchild, who shares this historical heritage, carries flags of the same form, with different colors of Scandinavian countries. You can see these flags and their meanings below;

Geography of Scandinavia

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The Scandinavian Peninsula has an area of 817,000 square kilometers. The number of people living on the peninsula is around 22.8 million. The borders of the Scandinavian Peninsula are indented and filled with fjords. On the peninsula, there are mountains not exceeding 2,500 m. There are also many lakes in the large part of the area. The most important lakes include Vänern, Mälaren, Hjälmaren, Silijan. There are many rivers, like the network of the island. The most important rivers of Scandinavia are the Lule River, the Pitea Skelleftea, the Ume River, the Dal and Klarälven rivers pouring into the Baltic Sea and the Glomma River into the North Sea.

Scandinavia, isolated with Isthmus, which separates Bothnian Bay from the Baltic Sea, and spreads over an area of 1,900 km, covers an area of 817,000 square kilometers, four of which are beyond the Rise of the Arctic Circle. The width reaches 700 km between Bergen and Stockholm, but it does not exceed 50 km on the German border. The length of the coast to the sea is 35,000 km. This feature of the peninsula has enabled the Scandinavian peoples to master the maritime area.

Sparsed Settlement

According to archaeological finds, In Scandinavia, which is between the 4th and 8th centuries, population density is low. Approximately 17 million people have settled in cities and coasts. These experienced mariners from the grandchildren of the Vikings now have developed fishing fleets and are engaged in trade. The Scandinavians have also benefited from the unfavorable nature of the hemisphere and have been able to skillfully use natural sources of income: from the sea, from forests (timber, paper clay), from soils (fodder plants, potatoes, rye, livestock), from rivers (hydroelectricity)

Climate in Scandinavia

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Scenery of Bergen, Norway

In Scandinavian countries, dominant vegetation cover forests, the distribution of forests in Norway varies according to the height of the forests in Sweden, In Denmark, forest cover has gradually disappeared as a result of the fields opened. Often, oak and hornbeam trees grow in the southern regions, northward they take their place in cones (east, white fir, and red fir in the west), followed by stunted beech, algae, and lichens.

Arctic Nights and Long Days

In the winter months of the cold and snowy winter in Scandinavia, where the latitude is high, the nights are very long. Beyond the Arctic Circle, these nights leave their place for six months of arctic days; summer is the opposite of this phenomenon, very long days and extremely short and bright nights follow each other. Beyond the circle of polarity, the six-month day begins between May 13 and July 30, illuminated by the midnight sun.

Climate differences evident from the west to the east are striking. With the Atlantic Ocean, winters are smoother on the Norwegian coast (0.7 ° C in January in Bergen), with abundant rainfall from the western winds that hit the Scandinavian Alps The highest annual precipitation in the cold season in Bergen is 2,037 mm); To the east of these mountains the climate gets a terrestrial appearance; The temperature of January in Stockholm is -6,5 ° C; especially in summer (18 ° C in July), the amount of rainfall is 553 mm.

Working in Scandinavia

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Living and working in one of the Scandinavian countries adorns many people’s dreams. The welfare level, income level, health, environment and quality of education of these countries are almost as enviable as other countries. Jobs in Scandinavian countries are most concerned with Construction Energy and Environment Service for Motor Vehicles Manufacturing Finance, Insurance and Real Estate Transport, Magasinering Education and Healthcare Leasing, Real Estate, Travel and Support services.

Are these countries as beautiful as they say? Let’s explain this matter to Denmark with its positive and negative aspects. So you can rate other Scandinavian countries like Denmark.

You are not afraid of being unemployed:

The union you are a member of in this country is obliged to give 71.5% of the salary you received before you were unemployed for two years.

You will not be jealous of the luxurious lives of rich people:

Denmark is the country with the least difference between the rich and the poor in the world. For example, in a lot of countries, a working class person can not get a flat from a wealthy district even if he works for 100 years. This is possible in Denmark.

If you are a student, you are valuable:

You will not get stressed about how you will earn money while you are studying. Because the Danish government pays for its students every month, except for equal and unpaid tuition.

Women’s Rights:

According to the researches done, women feel the most freedom. Yes, if you are a woman and you live in Denmark, you are among the luckiest women in the world. No one will easily orally or physically harass you because of the clothes you wear.

Never Ending Cold Air:

The worst part of Denmark is air. People of this country are desperate for sun and hot weather.

Extremely High Taxes:

The world’s highest taxes are clearly in Denmark.

Boring life:

On weekdays in Denmark life ends after 18.00. You can hardly see any living on the street after that hour.

Expensive Life Conditions:

Yes, Scandinavian countries are very high salaries, but living conditions are so expensive.