The United States – General Overview, Demographics
The United States of America (USA) spans over 9.8 million square kilometers holding the title of the world’s 3rd largest country after Russia and Canada as well as the planet’s 3rd most populous federal territory with over 327 million inhabitants as of 2018. The US population counts the highest concentration of the European race followed by Afro-Americans, Asians and the Hispanic ethnic group.
Being the main area of European colonization in the 16th-18 centuries with Great Britain prevailing the scene, the thirteen British colonies or the original thirteen American colonies (Delaware, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Georgia, Connecticut, Massachusetts, Maryland, South Carolina, New Hampshire, Virginia, New York, North Carolina, Rhode Island) along the East Coast made way for the country’s independence in 1776.
The federal republic of the United States comprises 50 states and the federal district of Columbia or Washington D.C. that is the capital and the government seat. Puerto Rico, American Samoa, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands and U.S. Virgin Islands with a total area of 27 789 square kilometers also make part of the United States.
The United States As The Global Economy Leader
The WWI and WWII won the United States the fame of the world’s supreme power. The country has the world’s largest GDP with over 20 trillion dollars as of 2018 that is commensurate with a quarter of global GDP. Enjoying the status of the paramount importer and exporter around the globe, the United States owns 31% of the world’s wealth. It is also the major military, economic and political force within the UN, World Bank and NATO. The United States has one of the largest job markets with employers like Walmart, Amazon and Kroger hiring solely from 443 000 to 2.3 million workforce per year.
Located between Canada and Mexico in the central part of the northern continent, the United States boasts one of the longest coastlines made up of the Arctic, Atlantic and Pacific Oceans and the Great Lakes area in 30 states. The country’s largest state, Alaska, ranks the 1st with its 10 690 km shoreline. It is followed by Florida, California, Hawaii, Louisiana, Texas, North Carolina, Oregon, Maine, Massachusetts, South Carolina, Washington, Virginia, Georgia, Connecticut, Alabama, Mississippi, Rhode Island, Maryland, Delaware, New Hampshire, Michigan, Wisconsin, Ohio, Minnesota, Pennsylvania, Illinois and Indiana.
The United States owns one of the greatest freshwater supplies with its rivers, streams and lakes adding up to 21% of global volume. The country is also the largest producer of coal, oil and gas with only Texas producing 3.17 million barrels per day. North Dakota and California share the 2nd and 3rd places. The richest agricultural zones encompass California, Iowa and Nebraska. Kansas and South Dakota rank among the twelve states with the production worth 10$ billion.
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The Largest US States And The Metropolitan Areas
California is the most populous US state. Arizona, Arkansas, Colorado, Kentucky, Nevada, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Oregon, Tennessee, Utah and Washington make part of the states with over 2 million people. Idaho, Hawaii, Maine, Montana, Rhode Island and West Virginia have over 1 million residents. Wyoming and Vermont offer the least inhabited states.
New York, Los Angeles, Chicago, Dallas and Houston represent the largest US metropolitan areas with over 6 million population each, the largest total surface and the nominal GDP. Washington, Philadelphia, Atlanta, Boston and San Francisco fill up the top 10 list.
Travel And Tourism in The United States
The United States is one of the biggest tourism hubs with domestic and international travelers that amounted to 1.1$ trillion of GDP in 2018. The country ranks the world’s 3rd with over 77 million tourists as of 2018. New York, Miami, Los Angeles, Orlando and San Francisco lead the list of the most visited cities in the United States. Among the top-tier tourist sites and attractions are Grand Canyon, Niagara Falls, Statue of Liberty, Central Park, Yellowstone National Park, Walt Disney World Resort, Times Square, Golden Gate Bridge, Mount Rushmore National Memorial, Las Vegas Strip, St. Louis Arch, Glacier National Park, Boston Freedom Trail and the White House.