France Political Map, Regions, Geography, and Facts

Metropolitan Regions of France.

Of the 18 regions in France, 13 are metropolitan areas. Before the 2016 reform, the total number of districts was 27.

The regions are located at the top of the administrative structure in France. The main areas are separated from 4 to 13. Corsica is not actually a region and has special status but is defined as a region in everyday life. The regions are at the same time geographical divisions with social and cultural identity integrity.

Below you can see the map of France’s Metropolitan Regions.

Metropolitan Regions of France

Metropolitan Regions of France
Metropolitan Regions of France (Click to enlarge)

Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes

Lyon
Lyon

Lyon is the capital. The population for the year 2013 is 7,757,595. The surface area is 69,711 square kilometers.

Bourgogne-Franche-Comté

Dijon
Dijon

Dijon is the capital city. The population of the year 2013 is 2,819,783. The surface area is 47,784 square kilometers.

Brittany

Rennes
Rennes

Rennes is the capital. The population of 2013 is 3,258,707. The surface area is 27,208 square kilometers.

Centre-Val de Loire

Orléans
Orléans

Orléans is the capital. The population of 2013 is 2,570,548. The surface area is 39,151 square kilometers.

Corsica

Ajaccio
Ajaccio

Ajaccio is the capital city. The population of 2013 is 320,208. The surface area is 8,680 square kilometers.

Grand Est

Strasbourg is the capital. The population of 2013 is 5,552,388. The surface area is 57,433 square kilometers.

Hauts-de-France

Lille
Lille

Lille is the capital. The population of 2013 is 5,987,883. The surface area is 31,814 square kilometers.

Île-de-France

Paris
Paris

Paris is the capital. The population for the year 2013 is 11,959,807. The surface area is 12,011 square kilometers.

Normandy

Canals of Bruges
Canals of Bruges (Brugge), Belgium. Winter evening view.

Rouen is the capital. The population of the year 2013 is 3,328,364. The surface area is 29,907 square kilometers.

Nouvelle-Aquitaine

Bordeaux
Bordeaux

Bordeaux is the capital. The population for 2013 is 5,844,177. The surface area is 84,036 square kilometers.

Occitanie

Toulouse
Toulouse

Toulouse is the capital city. The population of the year 2013 is 5,683,878. The surface area is 72,724 square kilometers.

Pays de la Loire

Nantes
Nantes

Nantes is the capital. The population for the year 2013 is 3,660,852. The surface area is 32,082 square kilometers.

Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur

Marseille
Marseille

Marseille is the capital. The population for 2013 is 4,953,675. The surface area is 31,400 square kilometers.

France Geography, Facts

  • Population: 65,368,598
  • Population Density: 120 per Km2
  • Land Area: 554,557 Km ²

With its blue, white, red striped flag, France, which has declared itself as the principle of the country of freedom, equality, and brotherhood, has a top spot in world culture, civilization, and political history.

The city of lovers Paris is one of the world’s number one honeymoon destinations and one of the most important tourist destinations. France has become an important actor in the most turbulent political events of Europe.

France Political Map, Regions, Geography, and Facts 1

It is surrounded by Western Europe, Luxembourg, Belgium, and the March Sea in the north, the Atlantic Ocean and the Bay of Biscay in the west, Spain and the Mediterranean in the south, Italy, Switzerland, and Germany in the east.

Geography

France has two coastlines, one in the North Atlantic Ocean and the other in the Mediterranean Sea.

The total coast length is 3,427 kilometers. Two-thirds of France’s interior consists of plains and small hills.

The country with two large basins, the Paris Basin connected to the Seine River in the northwest and the Aquitaine Basin connected to the Garonne, has rural areas with high peaks.

These hills extend to the Pyrenees Mountains, which form a natural border between France and Spain in the south. The mountains between Spain and France can be up to three thousand meters high.

Mont Blanc in the Alps has the highest mountain title of France with a height of 4,807 meters. Mont Blanc is also the highest peak in Italy. The longest rivers in the country are Loire, Seine, Garonne, and Rhone. The Rhone River forms a 160-kilometer border with Germany in the east. The Seine and Garonne rivers are the two main rivers that the country uses for transportation.

Governance

The French Republic is a unitary state with a long history of democracy, governed by a semi-presidential system. The Constitution of contemporary France, the Fifth Republic of France, was endorsed by a popular vote carried out on 28 September 1958.

This constitution contains legislation that increases the authority of the president of the state in comparison to the parliament. In France, there are two parts of the state administration: the President of France and the Government.

The president of the country is elected for five years (formerly seven years) by all voters who have completed the age of 18 nationwide and have the right to vote. The government is headed by a prime minister appointed by the president.

Climate

The climate of France varies according to the regions, the ocean and the Mediterranean climate are the most active climates. The oceanic climate is generally observed in parts of Brittany and Normandy, and also in the northern and western parts. In the ocean climate, there are rainy seasons all the while the winters are quite cool in warm weather. Winter is snowy and summers are warm and rainy in the inner parts of the country.

Religion

France is a secular country in which the freedom of belief is constitutionally guaranteed. According to the results of a survey carried out in January 2007, 51% of the French have associated themselves with Catholic sect, 31% are agnostic or atheist, 10% believe in other religions, 4% belong to Islamic belief, 3% from the Protestant sect, 1% Jewish, and 1% Buddhist.

Industry and Tourism

France is one of the economically strong countries of Europe. France ranks first in the European Economic Community with the abundance and diversity of agricultural products and fourth in terms of dairy products. At the same time, the industry is very strong. The industry meets more than 80% of the country’s income and trade income. Since the early 1990s, the state has begun to dismiss other industrial interests such as France Telecom, French Airlines, and banks. High unemployment is still a problem for France.

Thanks to its historical and natural beauties, it is very developed in terms of tourism. Eiffel Tower has become the symbol of the country and visited by millions of tourists every year. Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris is a must see place. The Mona Lisa of Leonardo Da Vinci is also in the Louvre Museum, the most important museum in the country.

Art

The culture of the country is shaped by the waves of migration from the past, international relations and geographical location. Paris, the capital of the country, is in the first place in terms of culture and art. Paris is the foremost center of both the world and Europe. From France, he has produced many fashion designers, artists, and writers. These changes made it possible for the country to appear in different traditions day by day.

There have been many contributions to the literary genres in the country on fiction, drama and lyric poetry. French literature has also contributed to the study of the authors of many countries and has become an example. From 1600 years onwards, it has contributed to the work of authors such as France Realism and Symbolism, allowing them to be influenced by surrealism and existentialism.

Sports

In France, the sport is at the center of attention. Especially football is the most preferred spore in the country. On the player’s list of the FIFA century, France is the second country. The country has developed almost all kinds of sports except this sport. For example, rugby has popularity close to football, especially in the south of Paris and France. The national rugby team has participated in every Rugby World Cup and participates in the Six Nations Championships. The French national team won sixteen Nations Championships and reached the finals once in the Rugby World Cup.

Tour de France, one of the most important bicycle races in the world, is one of the most watched sports events in the country.

French Currency / What is the Currency of France?

The currency of France is the Euro.

France has been using the euro since 2002. The mark of the euro is € and the code is EUR. The currency of the country before 2002 was French franc.

The French franc is the old currency used in France. It is indicated by the French letter F or the letter F. The use of France in 2002 with the euro as the currency has come to an end. The French franc was also used outside of France in Andorra, Monaco and French Polynesia.

In the Eurozone transition phase, conversion from 1 Euro to 6.55957 French franc cross exchange rate was provided. 1 Frank is 100 centimeters. The French franc was also used as reserve currency in the world. The reserve was in the fifth place after the US dollar, the German mark, the British sterling, and the Japanese yen.

From 1 January 2002, France began using the Euro. In 2002, the euro was the currency of choice in Germany, France, Belgium, the Netherlands, Luxembourg, Ireland, Spain, Portugal, Italy, Greece, Finland, and Austria. The euro is the common and monolithic part of the European Monetary Union, the last stage of the Common Market system that European countries have established to grow the welfare level.

Coins and Banknotes

Euro
  • Coins: 1 cent, 2 cent, 5 cent, 10 cent, 20 cent, 50 cent, €1 and €2
  • Banknotes: €5, €10, €20, €50, €100, €200 and €500

What is the Official Language of France?

The official language of France is French. According to the French Constitution, French is the official language of France since 1992.

Approximately 200 million people worldwide speak French. While 128 million people speak French as their native language or second language. It is also known and spoken by 72 million people in 54 countries. It is spoken mainly in France, Canada, Belgium, Switzerland, Africa, Luxembourg and Monaco, and many other countries. French is a continuation of the language of Latin like as Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, Catalan and Romanian.

French is official in 29 countries. La Francophonie is a Francophone French-speaking nations community. It is official in all the sub-offices of the United Nations and in the majority of international organizations.

Countries where French is the official language: France, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Canada, Madagascar, Cameroon, Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso, Niger, Senegal, Mali, Rwanda, Belgium, Guinea, Chad, Haiti, Burundi, Benin, Switzerland, Togo, Central African Republic, Congo, Gabon , Comoros, Equatorial Ginesi, Djibouti, Luxembourg, Vanuatu, Seychelles and Monaco. French is the third most popular language after English and German language in the European Union.

Features of French

The fact that the origin is Latin, has influenced the alphabetical features of French and sentence structure and facilitated its adoption by large masses. The alphabet contains 26 letters from the Latin alphabet.

Also, syllables are letters in some cases. A letter may not always mean a character. This situation depends on the meaning of the text and the type. In French, the letters “e” and “r” are frequently in use. In addition, vowels often use a hat. Most hat phrases are on the letters ” e ” and ” a ”.

It is among the rare European languages that require the use of the throat. Sentence structure is in the form of subject, predicate and object respectively. Particularly in short questions.

Because it is under the influence of various European languages, there are a lot of similar words in the English and Spanish languages. Those who want to learn the French language must first assimilate the alphabet in a good way. There are differences between the spelling and the reading of the letters in the alphabet.


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