Where is Nicaragua?

Nicaragua is located in the Central America region at latitude 12.865416 and longitude -85.207229 and is part of the North American continent.

The DMS coordinates for the center of the country are:

  • 12° 51' 55.50'' N
  • 85° 12' 26.02'' W

You can see the location of Nicaragua on the world map below:

Nicaragua location on the map pointed out by a flag pin.

Nicaragua Neighboring Countries

The neighboring countries of Nicaragua (NI) are:

  1. Costa Rica (CR)
  2. Honduras (HN)

Maritime Borders

Nicaragua borders with the Caribbean Sea, and the Pacific Ocean.

Nicaragua Related Content

Nicaragua Key Facts

CoordinatesLatitude: 12.865416
Longitude: -85.207229
Country CodesAlpha 2: NI
Alpha 3: NIC
Country Flag Emoji🇳🇮
Int. Phone Prefix+505
Capital cityManagua
North America
Central America
Country Area130,370 sq km
Population 20216,702,379
World Rank: 108
Median Age24.5
Life expectancy73.8
Major languagesSpanish (official) 95.3%, Miskito 2.2%, Mestizo of the Caribbean coast 2%, other 0.5% (2005 est.)
UTC/GMT TimeNumber of time zones: 1
  • UTC−06:00
Internet TLD.ni
Biggest AirportAugusto C. Sandino International Airport (MGA)
Average temperature24.90 °C
76.82 °F
Administrative Divisions15 departments 2 autonomous regions
Political systemPresidential representative democratic republic

Nicaragua Economy Facts

World Bank Income GroupLower middle income
World Bank RegionLatin America & Caribbean
CurrencyNicaraguan Cordoba Oro (NIO)
GDP in 2020$12.6 (billions of USD)
World Rank: 136
GDP per capita in 2020$1,900
World Rank: 147
Major Industries / Economic SectorsAgriculture, manufacturing, energy, services
Top 5 Import CountriesUnited States, China, Mexico, Costa Rica, Guatemala
Top 5 Export CountriesUnited States, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Mexico, Honduras

Biggest Cities in Nicaragua

Here are the largest cities in Nicaragua based on 2021 data:

City Population
Managua 1,028,808
Boaco 317,000
Leon 174,051
Masaya 139,582
Jinotega 136,342
Matagalpa 133,416
Esteli 129,924
Chinandega 121,793
Tipitapa 108,457
Granada 105,171

Map of Nicaragua with the Largest Cities

Other Countries in the Central America Region