Colors and the Meaning of the Slovakia Flag
The Slovakia flag consists of three equal horizontal stripes. The top strip is white, the middle blue and the bottom strip is red. On the left side is the coat of arms of the country. The coat of arms is surrounded by a white thin strip and consists of three blue-tailed mountains and two red crosses on a red ground.
The coat of arms of the flag represents the relationship of Slovakia to Hungary and is a modified version of the Hungarian coat of arms. The symbols of the cross; While representing the Orthodox Christianity, the blue mountain symbol represents the Tatra, Fatra and Matra mountainous regions surrounding the country.
They were initially accepted by the Slavic countries in the mid-19th century and were influenced by the time of the Russian flag, an independent Slavic country. These colors, which are important for the Slavic unity and independence, can be seen in the flags of many Slavic nations.
History of the Slovakia Flag
The first Slovak flag was white-red in color and fluctuated on April 23, 1848 during a theater performance in Brezová. On 10 May 1848, Liptovský signed a petition in Mikulaš, demanding the constitutional and educational rights of the Slovaks. It was not only the constitutional and educational rights that were demanded, it was also requested that the Slovakian flag be accepted as a red-white flag. But this demand was rejected by the Hungarians as other demands.
In 1848 August, the blue color was added to the flag. On September 18, 1848, in the village of Velká nad Veličkou on the Hungarian-Moravian border, Slovak revolutionaries began to use red, white and blue flags in many variations. Some of the white-red-blue flags used in different variations had got the Hungary coat of arms. In the coat of arms, only the three green hills were replaced with blue.
The Slovak Flag’s current form was held after 1868. These three colors were generally used by the Slovak associations in the United States. At the same time, the flag of Czechoslovakia, adopted on 30 March 1920, represented the Slovakians in the blue color of the triangle on the left side of the flag. After the establishment of the Puppet Slovak Republic, the law of 23 June 1939 was put into force for the use of a white-blue-red flag as a state flag. On March 1, 1990, the same flag began to fluctuate again after the Velvet Revolution by the Slovak National Council. With the constitution of September 1992, the flag was added to the coat of arms because it could be confused with the flag of Russia.
The present state flag of the Slovak Republic is described in Article 9, paragraph 2, of the Slovak Constitution, which entered into force on 1 September 1992. On September 3, 1992, for the first time, he was raised in front of the Castle of Bratislava. But its exact form was determined by the law of 18 February 1993, adopted by the National Council of the Slovak Republic. According to this law, the height of the shield with the Slovak state coat of arms is equal to half of the flag width. The shield is positioned above all white, blue and red strips.
Before the split of Slovakia and the Czech Republic, a decision was taken by the Czechoslovak government that none of the two “new” states could continue to use the red-white-blue flags of Czechoslovakia. After leaving Slovakia accepted the white-blue-red flag with the coat of arms. The new Czech Republic accepted the flag of former Czechoslovakia in direct violation of the above-mentioned decision. Slovakia has made an agenda over it, but Czech lawmakers said, “The country that makes this rule no longer exists” and refused to change.
Neighboring Countries of Slovakia
Slovakia is a country that is part of former Czechoslovakia, in Central Europe, in the south of Poland. It is neighbor to Austria, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, and Ukraine.
Main Characteristics of Slovakia
Slovakia is a mountainous country on the banks of the Danube. Bratislava is the largest city and capital of the country. The official language is Slovak. Hungarian and Ukrainian are also spoken in some regions. Euro is used as currency.
The harsh and cold winters are dominated by a continental climate. Summers are cool. In comparison with other parts, the climate in the Danube Plain is softer.
Pork, steak, and chicken are widely consumed. The most consumed drink is wine. Made with sheep cheese and potatoes, Bryndzove Haluisky is a popular dish.
|Highest Point||Gerlachovský štít (2,655 m)|
|Total Area||49,033 km2|