Slovakia has been divided into regions, which have been called “kraje” in their language, which means “territory”.
There are currently eight regions/kraji in Slovakia.
Each kraj is made up of smaller units called okresy. In Slovakia there are 79 counties/okresy.
Map of the Regions of Slovakia
The Eight Regions of Slovakia
The capital is Bratislava. Its population is 603,699. Also its surface area is 2,052.6. Moreover, It consists of 8 districts. These districts are Malacky, Pezinok, Senec and 5 districts of Bratislava.
The capital is Trnava. Its population is 554,172. Furthermore, its surface area is 4,172.2. Trnava region consists of 7 districts. These are Dunajská Streda, Galanta, Hlohovec, Piešťany, Senica, Skalica, Trnava.
The capital is Trenčín. The population is 600,386. Its surface area is 4,501.9. Moreover, the region consists of 9 districts; Bánovce nad Bebravou, Ilava, Myjava, Nové Mesto nad Váhom, Partizánske, Považská Bystrica, Prievidza, Púchov, and Trenčín.
The capital is Nitra. Its population is 708,498. The surface area is 6,343.4. Furthermore, the seven districts of the region are; Komárno, Levice, Nitra, Nové Zámky, Šaľa, Topoľčany and Zlaté Moravce.
The capital is Žilina. Its population is 694,763. The surface area is 6,808.4. Moreover, it consists of 11 districts including Bytča, Čadca, Dolný Kubín, Kysucké Nové Mesto, Liptovský Mikuláš, Martin, Námestovo, Ružomberok, Turčianske Teplice, Tvrdošín and Žilin.
6. Banská Bystrica
The capital is Banská Bystrica. Its population is 657,119. The surface area is 9,454.8. Furthermore, the 13 district that the region includes are, Banská Bystrica, Banská Štiavnica, Brezno, Detva, Krupina, Lučenec, Poltár, Revúca, Rimavská Sobota, Veľký Krtíš, Zvolen, Žarnovica, Žiar nad Hronom.
The capital is Prešov. Its population is 798,596. The surface area is 8,974.5. It consists of 13 districts including Bardejov, Humenné, Kežmarok, Levoča, Medzilaborce, Poprad, Prešov, Sabinov, Snina, Stará Ľubovňa, Stropkov, Svidník, Vranov nad Topľou.
The capital is Košice. Its population is 771,947. It has an area of 6.751.9. It consists of a total of 11 districts: Gelnica, Košice I, Košice II, Košice III, Košice IV, Košice-okolie, Michalovce, Rožňava, Sobrance, Spišská Nová Ves and Trebišov.
- Population: 5,450,499
- Population Density: 113 per Km2
- Land Area: 48,088 Km ²
Slovakia is a mountainous country on the banks of the Danube river. The well-known sewer worker Cumil is located in the capital Bratislava.
There are many sculptures in the streets of the city like this. Bratislava is the biggest city and capital of the country. The official language is Slovakian.
It is a Central European country surrounded by Poland in the north, Czech Republic and Austria in the west, Hungary in the south, and Ukraine in the east.
Mountains surround most of Slovakia’s land. Mountain height increases to the north. The highest point of the country is the Gerlachovka Peak in the Tatra Mountains (2655 meters).
Michalovce and Danube plains are located in southwest and southeast of the country. The main streams are Poprad, flowing northward with Vah, Hron, Hornad and Bodrog flowing southward. The Danube and Morava rivers form part of the southern boundary of the country.
Slovakia is a parliamentary democratic republic with a multi-party system. The Republic of Slovakia was governed by the Communist regime until 1990.
In 1992, Czech and Slovak republics were individually elected. On December 31, 1992, the two republics separated from each other after the elections.
Slovakia, a distant European country, also has a continental climate in which winters are dominated by the cold wind, as in other Central European countries.
Moreover, in countries where the summers are cool, the annual temperature averages vary greatly from year to year. The climate of the Danube is softer than the other parts. The mountainous areas have plenty of rainfall.
Most of the people are Catholic.
Industry and Tourism
The Slovakian economy is based on agriculture and animal husbandry. The chemical and machine industry has developed. Hydroelectric power plants on rivers meet basic energy needs despite the absence of coal and oil deposits. Furthermore, there is a nuclear power plant in Jaslovske Bohunice.
Heavy industrial establishments have gathered in the cities of Bratislava and Kosice. Moreover, in the field of machinery industry; machine tools, riverboats, spare parts for trucks, televisions, radios, washing machines and the coolers are important productions.
Tourism is one of the major income sources of the country. Winter sports and mountaineering centers scattered all over the country in the Tatra Mountains attract many tourists to the country.
In the country, visual arts, paintings, drawings, prints, illustrations, sculptures, and photographic arts are widespread. Furthermore, the establishment date of Slovak National Gallery, representing Slovak art, is 1949.
Ice hockey and football are traditionally among the most popular sports in the country. Also, other top sports include tennis, handball, basketball, volleyball, whitewater slalom and athletics.