Colors and the Meaning of the Ireland Flag
The Irish flag consists of three equal sized vertical stripes, the left stripe is green, the middle white and the right stripe are orange.
The colors of the Irish flag have no official meaning, but many legends have emerged for colors. One of these; the green ribbon represents Catholics, the orange represents the Protestants, and the white ribbon symbolizes peace between them. The orange color is related to the defeat of Ulster Protestants and their support for the Irish Catholics at the end of the 1600s in the Battle of Boyne, accompanied by William III. This took place on the Irish Flag as an attempt to reconcile the Irish independence movement with Protestants.
History of the Ireland Flag
The history of Ireland’s flag dates back to 1642. A green flag with harp was designed and used by Owen Roe O’Neill in 1642. At the end of the 18th century, the green was accepted as the color of nationalism. The United Irish, founded in the 1790s, was inspired by the French revolution and used a green flag.
Tricolor, officially recognized by the Republic of Ireland during the War of Independence in 1919, was turned into an official flag of the country when Ireland became a free nation in 1921. Before that date, the flag served as a symbol of the Irish, who fought for independence. In 1916, during Easter Rising, it fluctuated as a challenge to the General Post Office in Dublin and as a symbol of the Irish union.
Gift from French Women
It is thought that the flag was designed and presented to Ireland by a group of French women who were strong supporters of Ireland’s liberation struggle in Ireland in 1848. This is why, according to some sources, the three-colored design of the Irish flag is so similar to the national flag of France.
Each of the colors on the Irish flag has a distinct meaning. Orange is used for King William III of England, Scotland, Ireland. At the same time, the orange color is thought to symbolize the Protestant population of Ireland. William III, a Protestant king, defeated Catholic King James II in the Battle of Boyne in 1690. This war led the Protestants to control Ireland.
The green of the Irish flag is believed to represent the country’s Catholic population and symbolize the revolution. It is thought that this color was taken from an old Irish flag. This old version had a golden warp on the green stripe on the flag. The white center of the Irish flag is thought to represent the peace and endless hopes that the Protestant and Catholic populations of the country can live in harmony.
Neighboring Countries of Ireland
Ireland, which is located in Northwest Europe, is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean to the west of Ireland which is connected to the North East and to the United Kingdom, the Irish Sea to the east, St. George’s Channel to the southeast and the Celtic Sea to the south.
Main Characteristics of Ireland
The country, which is attracted by nature, the scenery that admires the people and the friendly people, covers five-sixths of the island of Ireland. The capital Dublin is the largest city in the country. In 2013, it was registered as the best city in the world and the best city to live in. There are two official languages, Irish and English. A large part of the population prefers English as a spoken language. They use the Euro as the currency.
A cool and warm ocean climate prevails. The winter season is soft and humid, while the summer season is cool and cloudy. The average temperature is 15 degrees in summer and 5 degrees in winter.
Most of the dishes include vegetables, fruit, and seafood. Potatoes are the basis of the cuisine of the country.
|Highest Point||Carrauntoohil (1,038 m)|
|Total Area||70,273 km2|