Colors and the Meaning of the Mexico Flag
The Mexican flag consists of three equal vertical stripes. The left stripe is green, the middle stripe is white and the right stripe is red. On the white stripe and in the middle of the flag is the national emblem of the country. The lines on the Mexican flag are believed to mean, white color represents religion, the green color represents the hope, and the red color represents independence and the unity of the nation.
According to an ancient Aztec tale, the story of the country’s coat of arms is as follows: When the Aztecs are sought for the settlement they will build, they believe that there is a revelation from God, and according to the revelation, they have accepted this place as the place where the eagle on the cactus in the middle of the lake eats the snake. (this is Mexico City) they settled here. In the emblem on the armament, it describes exactly this situation.
History of the Mexico Flag
The first flag of Mexico was seen in 1821 in the War of Independence led by Agustin de Iturbide. This flag was known as the ‘Three Guarantees’, the state flag of Catholic Christianity. The flag was red, green and white, and each color contained a star. This flag remains the same until the decision of the interim government governing the country is amended.
In this period known as the period of the first Mexican Empire, the Mexican Flag was redesigned. On 2 November 1821, the Provisional Assembly Council, which corresponds to the period of Emperor Agustin, decided that the flag of the country and army consisted of three colors that were green, white and red vertically, and also depicted a crowned eagle in the middle of the white color. This flag is the first official flag of the country.
With the establishment of the Federal Republic in 1823, the second national flag of Mexico emerges. While there is no change in the colors of this flag, the emblem is arranged in order to remove the eagle and crown, and laurel and olive branches are added to represent the Republic. With the dissolution of the Federal Republic in 1864, it was abolished.
The second national flag held by President Benito Juarez, who came to power in 1867, began to fluctuate on all Mexican lands. In 1881, for the first time, the colors and logo of the flag are edited. Changes made to the flag are not limited to this. During the period of President Venustiano Carranza, who stayed in power between 1917 and 1934, the flag was changed again and the side profile was depicted instead of the eagle’s front profile and the use of the flag in the whole country was expanded.
The same flag, which was started to be used with a decision taken on 16 September 1968 and called as the 4th national flag, is officially formulated as a national flag by the law enacted on 24 February 1984. The Mexican celebrate February 24th as the flag day in honor of their flags. Today, it is of particular value to the fact that the forces fighting in the war of independence joined the forces under the leadership of commander Agustin de Iturbide, who declared Mexico as an independent state.
Last Flag and Last Meaning of the Flag
Each color of the flag has a special meaning. The color is inspired by the colors of the Army of the Three Guarantees flag. According to this, the white color represents religion, the red color symbolizes the unity of Europe and the Americans, the green color independence. When the head of state, Benito Juarez, passed the secular system, the meanings of the colors in the flag changed. Green color hope, white color unity, and togetherness, red color begin to symbolize the blood of national heroes.
Neighboring Countries of Mexico
Mexico is located on the North American Continent. The number of countries where Mexico is a neighbor is three. It is bordered by the United States in the North and Guatemala and Belize in the South. It is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean in the West and the Gulf of Mexico in the East.
Main Characteristics of Mexico
Mexico is home to many ancient civilizations and carries the textures of different cultures. It is also the most populous Latin American country. Ciudad de Mexico; It is the largest city and capital of the country. The official language is Spanish. The highest number of people in the world who speak Spanish as their native language is in Mexico. Mexican pesos are used as currency.
Due to the different elevations in the country, the climate also varies according to the regions.
They have a rich cuisine. Hot pepper and sauces are widely used. The main food of Mexican cuisine is a small round thin tortilla made from corn or wheat flour. The main ingredient of many popular dishes such as Tamale, Buritto, Quesadilla and Taco is tortilla. Soup consumption is quite high.
|Capital City||Mexico City|
|Currency||mexican peso (MXN)|
|Highest Point||Pico de Orizaba (5,636 m)|
|Total Area||1,958,200 km2|