Colors and the Meaning of the Italy Flag
Flag of Italy consists of 3 vertical strips of equal width from left to right; green, white and red. It is the official flag of the Republic of Italy. Designed by the French Emperor Napoleon.
The colors were chosen at the end of the 1700s with French influence. The commonly known meaning of these colors is that green represents nature, white is the snow in the Alps, and red represents the blood spilled in the Italian War of Independence. According to another discourse, green hope, white fate, red is said to represent the charity.
History of the Italy Flag
After the occupation of Napoleon Bonaparte north of Italy in 1796, a flag was inspired by the French flag. The first flag, consisting of white, red and green colors, was officially accepted on 7 January 1797. This flag is composed of red, white and green colors horizontally from top to bottom.
In 1802 the Italian Republic was declared. The flag of this republic consisted of intertwined co-frames. This flag contained a red, white and green square. After the conquest of Italy by Napoleon and crowning himself as the first French emperor, the flag was changed. On the red rectangular ground, white and green squares are placed and a golden eagle is placed in the center of the green square. This flag was used until 1814.
After many years of shattering, the kingdom of Italy united in 1861 under the reign of King Emmanuel II. And in 1870 Rome was named the capital of Italy. After this date, the flag of Italy retained its green, white and red colors like the previous flags, but this time the common coat of arms of Sicily and Naples was added to the center of the flag.
Italy, who participated in the First World War, entered the World War II under Benito Mussolini. However, no changes were made to the flags during these periods. With the entry into force of the Italian constitution on January 1, 1948, the Italian Socialist Republic was renamed as the Italian Republic. In the 12th article of this constitution, the shape of the flag of the Italian Republic is changed to green, white and red. This flag has not changed since then.
Neighboring Countries of Italy
It is a state built on a peninsula in the south of Europe. The Sardinian Islands in the southwest of Sicily and the west are included in the territory of the country. The number of countries in which Italy is a neighbor is 4. In the northwest, there are France, Switzerland, and Austria in the north and Slovenia in the northeast. The Alps are a natural border in the north.
The two independent European countries, the Vatican and San Marino, are located in the territory of Italy in the peninsula.
Main Characteristics of Italy
Italy, a medium-sized country with an area of approximately 302 thousand square meters, has a temperate climate due to its geographical location. The country, which has 51 UNESCO World Heritage sites, holds the record in this sense in the world. Italy is one of the most visited countries in the world.
With a population of 61 million, Italy is the fourth most populous country in Europe. With its developed economy, it ranks eighth in the world in terms of both qualities of life index and gross national product. As the fifth most visited country in the world, it also generates a significant income from tourism.
|Highest point||Mont Blanc (4,807 m)|
|Total area||59,943,933 (2013)|