Colors and the Meaning of the Liechtenstein Flag
The Liechtenstein Flag has two evenly extending horizontal stripes on the ground, blue (top) and red. There is a golden yellow crown on top of the blue ribbon.
The colors and symbols of the flags have cultural, political and regional meanings. While the blue color represents the sky, the red color is pointing to the fires of the evening burning in the houses across the country. The crown represents the unity of the people and their prince. The color of the crown is controversial. In some sources, the color of the crown is yellow, while in some sources the color is golden.
History of the Liechtenstein Flag
Liechtenstein was founded in 1719 as a principality within the Holy Roman Empire and gained full independence in 1866. In this period, the blue and red flag was chosen instead of red and white colors of the coat of arm. These new colors were first used by Prince Joseph Wenzel I in 1764.
A new constitution for the Principality was prepared and announced in October 1921. With this constitution made the national flag of Liechtenstein giving the official status to the blue and red flag. Fifteen years later, during the 1936 Summer Olympics, the country realized that the flag of Haiti was the same as the Haitian flag, even though Haiti did not participate in the Olympics that year. Because of this situation, the government added the crown of the prince to the flag. This change had two aims. To symbolize Liechtenstein’s position as a principality and to separate his flag from Haiti. This modified design was adopted on 24 June 1937.
Neighboring Countries of Liechtenstein
It is located in Central Europe, between Austria and Switzerland. The Rhine Valley covers half of the country while the other half is in the Alpine region.
Main Characteristics of Liechtenstein
Liechtenstein is a country known for its winter tourism, with its tremendous nature and trekking. It is the smallest sixth country in the world with an area of 160 square kilometers. Vaduz is the capital city of the country, with many statues on its streets and historical buildings to be seen. In addition to German, the official language is spoken in English. The Swiss franc is used as currency.
It has a warm climate. Winter months are quite cold and snowy. It is influenced by the German, Swiss and Austrian cuisine. There are restaurants serving international cuisine in big cities.
|Currency||swiss franc (CHF)|
|Highest Point||Grauspitz (2,599 m)|
|Total Area||160 km2|