Colors and the Meaning of the Haiti Flag
In Haiti, two flags are used, national and official flags, and the flag has changed many times in the history of the country.
It consists of red and blue stripes that divide the flag horizontally on both flags. While the national flag is in use with this state, the coat of arms of the country appears on the official flag. The rigging placed in the middle of the flag is the difference between the two flags. In the creation of the flag, they were influenced by the vertical three-color flag of France in the war of independence against France. Here only the white color is not included in the flag, while the red and blue colors are horizontally positioned on the flag.
In the coat of arms of the country, there is a total of six draped flags, 3 in the right and 3 in the left, behind a palm tree. In front of the palm tree, there is a gun carriage. There are objects such as cannon shells, broken shackles, drums, rifles and anchors on the rigged on a green lawn. At the top of the palm tree is the Phrygian head as a symbol of freedom in red and blue colors attached to the end of a stick.
History of the Haiti Flag
The flag was first used as the flag of the Republic of Haiti in 1806.
The first flag of the region was Burgundy cross, as it was the Spanish colony of Captaincy General of Santo Domingo. As of 1625, part of Haiti came under French control under the name of Saint-Domingue. The fluttering flag in this area was the Royal Coat of Arms, which was used before the French Revolution on a white background. In 1794, the French captured all of Santo Domingo, and the blue-white-red vertical three-color French flag was accepted. In 1803, a blue-red two-color revolution flag was adopted, with a white text saying “Freedom or Death (Liberte Ou La Mort)” as a banner of revolution against the French.
By 1804, the country was freed from French control and was renamed the Haitian Empire. The accepted flag consisted of two colors, black and red. On this flag the black color represented death, and the red color represented freedom.
Haiti was divided into two groups in 1806. Northern Haiti was the state of Haiti with a two-color flag in the dark blue and red equal parts. South Haiti became the Republic of Haiti and adopted the blue-red horizontal two-color flag with the of the coat of arms in the center. In 1811, the Haitian State was under the monarchic rule and was renamed the Haitian Kingdom. The accepted flag was a red and black flag with a Phoenix coat of arms in the center. By 1820, Haiti was united.
Second Empire of Haiti
Haiti’s second empire was founded in 1849 under the emperor Faustin I of Haiti. The new flag consisted of a new Imperial Coat of Arms with the blue-red horizontal two-lane flag of the Republic of Haiti. When the emperor was overthrown in 1859, the flag of the Republic of Haiti was reconstructed.
Between 1964 and 1986, the Flag of Haiti was transformed into a black-and-red two-color flag of the first empire by the headquarters of Jean-Claude Duvalier. In 1986, the blue-red horizontal two-color flag with the coat of arms in the center was accepted as the national flag. This flag was a free flag as a civil flag.
Neighboring Countries of Haiti
It is an island country on the west side of the island of Hispaniola in the Caribbean Sea in America. To the east of the island is the Dominican Republic.
Main Characteristics of Haiti
The Republic of Haiti is not a highly developed country in terms of tourism. In 2010, the country was severely shaken by an earthquake of 7. More than 200,000 people lost their lives in this earthquake. The capital is Port Au Prince. The city center is located on the seaside, and the slopes are in the area of slums. The official languages are French and Haitian Kreyol. The official currency is Gourde.
Tropical climate prevails. The average annual temperature is between 21 and 32 degrees. There is a warm climate in the high and low parts. As in most Caribbean countries, the main food is rice. Sea products are also important because of being an island country.
|Currency||Haitian gourde (G) (HTG)|
|Highest Point||Pic la Selle (2680 m)|
|Total Area||27,750 km2|