Flag of Samoa

The flag of Samoa is a captivating mix of colors and symbols that captures the very essence of this island nation. The flag is a vivid tapestry, harmoniously blending Samoa’s awe-inspiring natural landscapes, rich cultural heritage, and progressive vision into a single emblem.

Flag of Samoa

The official flag of Samoa, initially adopted on 24 February 1949
The official flag of Samoa, initially adopted on 24 February 1949.

Samoa’s flag is a red field with a blue rectangle in the upper hoist-side quadrant. Inside this blue rectangle are five white, five-pointed stars arranged in an X pattern.

The stars are modeled after the Southern Cross constellation, an important navigational marker reflecting the country’s location in the Pacific Ocean.

Overall, the flag’s layout and symbols offer a rich tapestry of meaningful elements that resonate deeply with Samoa and its people.

Flag of Samoa: Color Palette



RGB: 0, 43, 127

CMYK: 100, 66, 0, 50



RGB: 255, 255, 255

CMYK: 0, 0, 0, 0



RGB: 206, 17, 38

CMYK: 0, 92, 82, 19

The map of Samoa, painted in the colors of the national flag.
The map of Samoa, painted in the colors of the national flag.

Samoan Flag Emoji: πŸ‡ΌπŸ‡Έ

Samoa’s flag’s color palette is striking and purposeful, featuring a trio of red, blue, and white. These chosen hues contribute to the flag’s visual allure and carry weighty symbolism, which will be explored in the following segment.

The colors harmoniously create a balanced, eye-catching design, making the flag recognizable. Their arrangement also plays a crucial role in conveying the flag’s multiple layers of meaning.

As we delve deeper into each color, we will uncover the stories and sentiments they encapsulate for Samoa and its people.

Meaning of Each Color

The waving flag of Samoa against the blue skyΒ© em_concepts/Shutterstock
The waving flag of Samoa against the blue sky.


Red symbolizes courage and bravery in Samoan culture, often reflecting the historical warrior ethos of the nation. It also denotes the bloodshed endured for Samoa’s freedom, portraying a vivid narrative of the island’s resilient spirit.

The red background in the flag forms a bold canvas for the other elements, embodying the bravery of the Samoan people.


Blue is multifaceted in its symbolism, representing freedom, unity, justice, and a profound maritime connection. The vast ocean is a crucial aspect of Samoan life, providing sustenance, avenues for exploration, and historical trade routes.

The blue rectangle in the flag encapsulates Samoa’s maritime heritage, reminding viewers of the nation’s geographical and historical ties to the sea.


White represents purity, a quality cherished in the Samoan way of life. The white stars on the flag depict the Southern Cross constellation, a celestial guide with navigational significance for the islanders.

While it also aims to represent a sense of clarity and direction, the peaceful demeanor associated with white resonates with the harmonious community ethos in Samoa.

Samoan Coat of Arms

The Samoan Coat of Arms, encapsulating Samoa's cultural identity and governance
The Samoan Coat of Arms, encapsulating Samoa’s cultural identity and governance.

The Coat of Arms of Samoa symbolizes the nation’s independence and sovereignty, encapsulating various cultural and religious motifs. The emblem comprises a silver shield divided into blue and green sections.

Additionally, it features the Southern Cross constellation, a coconut palm tree on a green sea, and a gold cross atop two circles of the world flanked by olive leaves. This design embodies the island’s serene and verdant ambiance.

The motto, “Fa’avae i le Atua Samoa,” which translates to “God be the Foundation of Samoa,” is inscribed below the shield, underlining the religious foundation that plays a significant role in Samoan society.

The incorporation of a Latin cross and the Christian motto reflects the substantial influence of Christianity in shaping the Samoan identity.

Historical Evolution and the Meaning Behind the Changes

The flag of Samoa has undergone various changes throughout its history, reflecting the country’s evolving political and cultural landscape.

Before gaining independence on January 1, 1962, Samoa was a territory under German and then New Zealand administration. During these colonial periods, the flags of the respective colonial powers were predominantly used.

Historical Samoan Flag (1920 – 1962)
Historical Samoan Flag (1920 – 1962), marking the period of Samoa’s mandate under British rule.

The present-day flag was officially adopted upon Samoa’s independence. This flag has remained largely unchanged since its inception, a testament to its enduring relevance and resonance with the Samoan people.

However, it’s essential to note that the flag features the Southern Cross, also present in other flags such as Australia’s and New Zealand’s, marking Samoa’s location in the Southern Hemisphere and its historical ties to these countries.

While the current flag has remained stable in design, its enduring elements serve as silent witnesses to Samoa’s transformation from a colonized territory to an independent country over the years.

The stability of the flag’s design can be seen as a symbol of the island’s pride and continuity amidst the changes that have swept through Samoa in its journey from colonial rule to sovereign statehood.

Overall Symbolic Meaning of the Flag

The flag of Samoa functions as a powerful visual narrative that encapsulates the essence of the nation. While each feature contributes its layer of meaning, collectively, they form a cohesive symbol that resonates with the Samoan people.

It acts as a mirror reflecting the country’s diverse cultural landscape and its aspirations for the future. The flag serves as a unifying emblem that captures the nation’s unique attributes and shared experiences, telling a story that engages both domestically and globally.

Similar Flags to the Samoan Flag

The flag of Samoa has visual or thematic similarities with a few other national flags, although it remains distinct in its representation of Samoa’s unique identity.


Taiwan flag
The flag of Taiwan, with its distinct red field and blue corner, shares striking visual similarities with the flag of Samoa..

The sun’s presence on Taiwan’s flag is a similarity it shares with Samoa’s flag, which also features a celestial symbol. Although the colors and layout differ, a sun symbol in both flags could represent hope, progress, or a new dawn.

This common element offers a focal point for symbolism and interpretation, linking these two flags across different cultures and geographies.

Costa Rica

The flag of Costa Rica, resembling the Samoan flagg
The flag of Costa Rica, resembling the Samoan flag, indicating a shared history and values.

Much like Samoa’s flag, Costa Rica’s flag prominently features horizontal bands of red, white, and blue. Despite the different number of stripes and their unique arrangement, the similarity in color choice creates a visual affinity. These colors also reflect similar themes, like courage and peace, integral to each country’s identity.


The flag of Chile, bearing an aesthetic resemblance to Samoa's flag
The flag of Chile, bearing an aesthetic resemblance to Samoa’s flag.

The flag of Chile also aligns with Samoa’s in its choice of red, white, and blue colors. The star featured in both flags adds another layer of similarity. While the specific layout and symbolism are unique to each country, the shared elements make them visually related.

The star in both flags could signify a guiding light or aspiration, although interpreted differently within the cultural context of each nation.


Samoa’s flag is a rich tapestry of meanings that resonates both within and internationally. Its unique elements set it apart, while its shared motifs connect it with other flags globally. The flag encapsulates shared values and national identity for Samoans, making it a profoundly significant emblem.