The capital of Italy is Rome.
Rome, the capital of the Italian and Lazio region; is between the Tiber and Aniane rivers.
It is also the spiritual and administrative center of the Catholic Church.
The spiritual leader of the Catholics is also the Vatican, the independent state where the Pope lives. For this reason, Rome is referred to as the capital of two states by some sources. The city of 2800 years, respectively, and by official names; Byzantium, the Roman Kingdom, the Roman Republic, the Roman Empire, the Papacy, the Kingdom of Italy, and the Republic of Italy.
When did Rome Become the Capital?
According to the legend, Rome was founded by Romulus and Romus, a shepherd who grew up on Polatium Hill. The first permanent settlement in Rome started around 1000 BC. By the 6th century, the city had a strong structure and was ruled under one political rule.
In the 2nd century AD, Rome experienced the best period and its population increased a lot. As a result, unemployment and misery have also increased. However, in the following years, common diseases such as plague have reduced the population below 50,000.
Italy became a kingdom in 1861. Turin was the first capital. It was later Florence, and finally in 1870 Rome became the capital. Rome has always been an important place in Italy’s history.
The Pope sat there and it was the center of Catholicism. The center of the papal bound states was also Rome. In the 1848 revolution, France sent unity to Rome to protect the Papal.
In 1862, Garibaldi wanted to conquer the city but was defeated. It was again France that prevented the government’s attempts to seize Rome. But France, fighting Prussia in 1870, had to withdraw troops from Rome. The Piedmont, who knew this opportunity, built the capital by conquering Rome.
Features of Rome
Rome has a population of 3.77 million by 2018. The surface area is 1,285 square kilometers. In Rome, the summers are hot and dry, and the evening ends up with cool winds blowing from the Tiren Sea. In winter, cold winds from the north are effective. The annual temperature average is over 24 degrees.
The worst part of the city is the traffic. The presence of a motor vehicle in each of the three people affected this problem even more.
Rome, one of the most beautiful cities in Europe, ranks first in Europe in financial and housing constraints. This problem was further increased by the fact that poor and unemployed citizens migrate to the city center.
Rome is one of the most advanced countries in Europe, both politically and administratively. It alone meets 6.5% of Italy’s national income. However, it is not a strong city in terms of industry. More light industrial products such as electronics, chemicals, food, clothing are produced. Most of the people of Rome also work in tourism, film construction sector.
Important Places to See in Rome
It is the richest region in Europe in terms of tourism. Before coming to Rome, it is absolutely necessary to determine important sightseeing points and act according to the plans made on them.
The city is one of the most preferred cities among the European cities, with its historical buildings, churches, amusement parks and amphitheaters from the Ancient Rome period. At the beginning of the places to see in Rome; Colosseum, Romanian Forum, and Trevi Fountain.