Colors and the Meaning of the Equatorial Guinea Flag
The Equatorial Guinea Flag consists of green, white, and red colors that divide the flag horizontally, and the blue triangle, which is vertically located in the left corner of the flag, and its tip faces inward.
While the green symbolizes the natural richness and deep forests of the country, the white color represents peace and the red color represents the struggle for independence. The blue color in the triangle symbolizes the sea connecting the main land with the islands attached to it. In the middle of the flag, the coat of arms of the country is positioned on the white background, and the emblem shows the Mangrova tree with six six-pointed yellow stars. On the lower part of the tree, the slogan, Unity, Peace, Satisfaction appears.
History of the Equatorial Guinea Flag
Equatorial Guinea, who gained its independence in 1968, did not have its own flag before that date. Before 1968, in the territory of the Spanish colony, the three horizontal striped flag of Spain fluctuated. Equatorial Guinea started to use its own flag on the day of independence. The flag designed at that time was an emblemless version of the current flag.
In 1973, the Francisco Nguema regime used a different national emblem on the flag. The emblem used in the flag consisted of several instruments, a sword and a chicken. The slogan changed by the regime was also included in the emblem. On August 21, 1979, Francisco Nguema was reinstated after his dismissal. The newly designed emblem is now the coat of arms on the flag of the country.
The emblem features a silk-cotton tree and a shield around it. There are six stars on the top of the shield and the slogan Unidad, Paz, Justicia (“Unity, Peace, Justice”) on the underside of the shield. The tree in the emblem has an important meaning for Equatorial Guinea. Before the independence of the country, it was thought that the independence was gained under the agreement with the Spanish.
Neighboring Countries of Equatorial Guinea
It is located on the coast of the Atlantic Ocean on the African continent. Cameroon in the north, Gabon in the south and east, the Gulf of Guinea in the west, and Sao Tome and Principe in the southwest.
Main Characteristics of Equatorial Guinea
Equatorial Guinea is one of the smallest countries on the continent, its name being used due to its location close to Equator and the Gulf of Guinea. Malabo is the country’s largest city and capital. The Frag ethnic group in the country constitutes more than three-quarters of the population. The currency is the Central African CFA franc. In addition to the official languages of Spanish, French and Portuguese, local languages are also used. It is forbidden to take pictures in many official regions of the country.
It is under the influence of tropical climate. In the country where there is plenty of rainfall, the most raining time is in October. All the Equatorial Guinea cuisine consists of dishes from surrounding countries. It is a mixture of African cuisine and Spanish cuisine.
|Currency||central african cfa franc (XAF)|
|Highest Point||Pico Basile (3,008 m)|
|Total Area||28,051 km2|